# Kids Maths 13 : Kindergarten Math for Kids (Subtraction Worksheets)

In the same age group, the students who were below average counted all 22 percent of the time, counted on 72 percent of the time, used known facts 6 percent of the time, and never used derived facts. It was this absence of derived facts that was critical to their low achievement. One was that low achievers are often thought of as slow learners, when in fact they are not learning the same things slowly.

Rather, they are learning a different mathematics. The second is that the mathematics that low achievers are learning is a more difficult subject. Students do not usually have problem with this, especially when the two numbers that make ten are next to each other. Through our research, we know that students learn better when hand gesturing is introduced in classroom instruction. We took it a step forward, and introduce hand gesturing in our concrete-pictorial-abstract approach, and find that our students could apply this new knowledge very well.

• LOrchestre noir: Enquête sur les réseaux néo-fascistes (HISTOIRE) (French Edition);
• Famous & Fun Duets, Book 1: 7 Duets for One Piano, Four Hands;
• Worksheet on Before, After and Between Numbers up to 20 | What Comes Before.

They can then told to draw the number bond under these two numbers to make ten. For numbers that are not next to each other, the same method can be used, where students V-point gesture with their fingers under the two numbers that make ten and draw the number bond under these two numbers. In this case, students need to decompose one of the numbers so that one of the component can make 10 with another number. As this is new and often a struggle for 1st graders, many students would rely on back on counting.

The problem for the low-achieving children was simply that they had not learned to do this. To find out more on how gesturing can help mathematical equivalence, see this article published by Jann Ingmire from the University of Chicago.

Similar to adding within 20, students should comfortable with place values and decomposing a 2-digit number into tens and ones. They should know that in subtracting 2-digit numbers, one subtracts tens and tens, and ones and ones. The above-average children did not do this. Subtraction within 20 another major topic to cover at this stage. From our experience, apart from counting, there are three methods that Subtraction is usually taught in schools.

From our observation, kids have no problem understanding this concept when presented with concrete manipulatives, e. Again, to help the students translate from concrete to pictorial visualization, we make the concrete example similar to the number bond set up. This is similar to the concrete to pictorial setup on addition by making ten. This is another popular strategy found in many textbooks. In this method, since it is not possible to take away 7 from 2, the student first takes away 7 from The student then adds the remaining 3 to 2. While working these types of problems, we find it useful to relate number bonds to family of number facts.

Next week, we will talk about the typical problems faced when teaching addition and subtraction for numbers within We have several worksheets dealing with counting, addition and subtraction for numbers to Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

For the other parts of this series dealing with other number ranges, please refer to the following links: Strategies for Teaching Addition and Subtraction — Part 1: Numbers to 10 Strategies for Teaching Addition and Subtraction — Part 2: Numbers to 20 this post Strategies for Teaching Addition and Subtraction — Part 3: Numbers to Strategies for Teaching Addition and Subtraction — Part 4: Numbers to Last week, we talked about the common pitfalls and misconceptions when it comes to teaching and learning addition and subtraction within single digit numbers up to Place Value for 10s and 1s The first hurdle kids face is usually the concept of place values.