Der gläserne Diamant (German Edition)
After her return, Yura treats Soyogi more kindly. Confused by Yura's change and not believing her to be the same person she knew, Soyogi jumps from a window. While crying over Soyogi's body, Yura reveals that she did care about her. Asaoka notes that she spent more time on developing Hagane and Ruriha's bodies than on their faces and that she usually likes her characters to look "intelligent" and "sexy", regardless of age or gender. She states that she had the ideal body in mind, but was unable to "draw it out precisely" at the time.
Hagane, the main character of "Glass Wings", is featured on the book's cover. Glass Wings is currently out of print in North America. Glass Wings was listed as 91 on ICv2's "Top Graphic Novels" list for January , which recorded the estimated sales of American comic distributor Diamond to comic stores.
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Glass Wings has received several primarily negative reviews from English-speaking audiences. Writing for IGN , A. Sparrow comments that the "stunning artwork will captivate" readers, but that the book suffers from "muddled dialogue" and sound-effect balloons that intrude on the book's flow. She states that "too much about this book moves too fast, and with too little emotional impact", leaving the reader without concern for the characters, and therefore unaffected by the stories' tragic ends.
Yadao, writing for Honolulu Star-Bulletin , noted it "offers such a visual overload that it's easy to lose track of what's happening" and that it "is difficult to discern the flow of action". Its bleak endings was cited as "even more difficult to digest". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Glass Wings Original cover of Glass Wings.
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Whether for political or literary reasons, science fiction writers and fans alike increasingly saw themselves as part of an international, socialist science fiction tradition. In their opinion, writers such as Ray Bradbury, Clifford D. Simak, Arthur C. Clarke and Robert Sheckley, who up to this point had appeared in the Soviet Union but not East Germany, fell into the third category. Calls for the greater availability of science fiction from the East and West also came from other places as well.
At this meeting, Ekkehard Redlin spoke in support of some Anglo-American authors. The publication of western science fiction remained low, not only for ideological reasons, but also due to its high price. Publishers had to use their limited amount of hard currency to purchase the rights from the West. Due to their efforts, international science fiction did not remain wholly unavailable to the GDR reading public. Soviet science fiction had been published since the beginning. A number of anthologies appeared, including Bulgarian, Czechoslovakian, Polish and other Eastern European writers, as well as a broader array of Soviet authors.
Individual articles focused on subjects such as the detective novel Norbert Dehmelt , the dime novel Edith Gaida , and adventure literature Erika Karsch. In a separate dissertation from , Adolf Sckerl conducted an international survey of science fiction and formulated a theory of its development in the GDR.
First, as discussed above, the policy opened the door to irrational or fantastic narrative modes on an official level. Second, due to the connection between relaxation and productivity, party officials praised the role popular culture played in free time activities. By the early seventies, several GDR medical studies demonstrated the importance of relaxation and entertainment to the health and productivity of the worker.
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Taken seriously by economic planners, the results supported an increase in the variety of popular cultural activities, including popular literature. Editor Ekkehard Redlin also adopted this explanation as a reason to support the publication of science fiction in the Verlag Das Neue Berlin. This unnamed study concluded that reading is a necessary activity that relaxes those parts of the brain exhausted by work.
Without reading, work productivity would decrease 2. Third, the new economic and cultural policy led to increased funding and paper allocations as well as a programmatic expansion of offerings on the part of Verlag Das Neue Berlin and Verlag Neues Leben. Publication rates surged from only two GDR novels per year and one anthology in to seven novels per year and two anthologies in and Production surged to eight novels and two anthologies in and dropped to three novels and two anthologies in Then in it returned five novels and six anthologies.
Neumann, Grosse Illustrierte — This count does not include the substantial number of short stories or the comparable increase in reprints and translations of foreign science fiction. During the seventies, instead of the average 20, copies, many science fiction books now began with 30,—60, copies on their first run, depending on the book series and the publishers. In the seventies and eighties, circulation rates remained the same for the majority of science fiction novels Kruschel, Spielwelten 7—8 and Hartung In addition, there is evidence that a significant demand among GDR readers also needed to be met.
From his many book signings, talks and other contact with fans, Krupkat met a wide variety of science fiction readers.
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Despite increased availability, the demand for science fiction remained so high that all books sold out immediately. This practice supports an assertion oft repeated in interviews with authors and fans that more than one person read each science fiction book. In libraries, some science fiction books remained in great demand and were difficult to get, as select titles were checked out frequently. Thirty-three percent of journeymen, twenty-seven percent of office workers and twenty-four percent of the working class rated it as their second most favorite.
Nineteen percent of college students and seventeen percent of the intelligentsia listed it as their third most favorite genre quoted by Hartung In the GDR, consumer agency was evident in the organized activities of science fiction fans. Initial popular support for science fiction expressed in the magazine Jugend und Technik prompted author Carlos Rasch to contact respondents. He suggested they form science fiction clubs as a means to provide further support for its existence in the GDR.
SLC members shared ideas and assembled a library to facilitate greater access to texts. They swapped books in order to work around the restrictive GDR publishing system. Some made typewriter copies of rare science fiction works, including the occasional western author. Fans published newsletters, created slides-shows, organized author readings, and sought cautious contact with other GDR science fiction fan clubs through letters and the rare inter-club meeting.
Many of the next generation of science fiction authors stemmed from these clubs. Fan members maintained an active interest in international science fiction as well. When possible, they established and maintained contacts with foreign authors and fans. This practice granted them access to discourses on science fiction that ran counter to those in East Germany. There were even a few meetings between not only West and East German science fiction fans and authors but also Polish, Russian, British, and American ones. Interestingly, at first, this activity was not the basis for further charges.
In , the university expelled Krohn and barred him from study at any institution of higher education in East Germany, greatly limiting his employment chances. Consequently, he was expelled from the TU only. It invited acknowledged GDR science fiction experts and relevant authorities. A decision had to be made as to how the Kulturbund should proceed with other science fiction fan clubs in the future. Although the participants raised the question of realism in science fiction, the meeting primarily addressed the pedagogical use of science fiction and its reception.
Contemporary social science viewed science fiction as a competitor, as a reactionary bourgeois theory about the future, and, consequently, fought it. That culminated in the pronouncement that all utopias since Marx and Engels were reactionary.
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In the end, utopia finally exhibited practical influence. Several participants, who remained unnamed in the protocol, still considered science fiction to be Trivialliteratur. Both praised the ability of socialist science fiction as a literary form to lead the reader to reflect upon its playful future suggestions. In this manner, the act of reading science fiction stimulated thought processes.
In the meeting protocol, Redlin refers again to the term Gedankenspiel , a term, which was commonly used among fans as well. New consumerist policies stressed the creation of a greater variety of literary offerings, while focusing on educative control at the level of consumption. In spite of past prejudices against science fiction, the genre did not receive the blame for the events of the Lem Club Affair.
He emphasized that it was not the literature itself that posed a threat, but the subjective manner in which it was read. Sckerl placed responsibility on the individual reader This interpretation opened the door to expanded publication opportunities for the genre with ideological control placed at the level of reader reception. The Kulturbund actively incorporated socialist science fiction into its literary propaganda. Kulturbund representatives gleaned club libraries of any illegal western science fiction. A Kulturbund adviser played a greater role in club participation and instruction.
This meeting reiterated earlier observations that literature played an important role in the development and health of the GDR citizen. In that same year, a number of individuals assembled with the intent of creating a working group dedicated to science fiction under the auspices of the Kulturbund. In his opinion, current literary and cultural debates failed to address the rapid expansion in science fiction offerings.
Consequently, the discussants concluded that science fiction possesses a unique ability to bring readers together to discuss contemporary issues and problems. It was up to the Kulturbund to guide these conversations by recommending socialist reading strategies. Since it was increasingly difficult to dam up the seepage of illegal, international science fiction into East Germany, the reader needed to be educated as to the nature and variety of the expanded product selection. In reality, no new science fiction clubs formed until the mid-eighties.
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Authors, who were active only in other areas — also natural scientists — are now turning to the topics of science fiction wissenschaftlich-phantastischen. The creative vigor of the spirit is excited by the game of literary fantasy in new ways through the invention of bizarrely coloful and surprisingly alien pictures and artistic worlds. In the end, the discourse present in this organization was greatly limited to the specific benefit of science fiction to the furthering of socialism in Marxist—Leninist terms.