Babylon (Eden Saga Book 2)
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Babylon Nurtures the Jewish Priesthood
Oct 08, A. Dow rated it it was amazing. It had been a little over a year since I had read Matthew C. Plourde's book, Eden, so I was more than thrilled when offered the chance to read the second installment in the series, Babylon! Because of the amount of time that had passed, I was afraid that I may not be pulled in to the story the way I had been before, or that I'd have trouble catching up; boy, was I wrong!
My eyes were glued to the pages from the very beginning, as I was brought back to a world of pain, suffering, isolation and ex It had been a little over a year since I had read Matthew C. My eyes were glued to the pages from the very beginning, as I was brought back to a world of pain, suffering, isolation and extreme perseverance. The battle between Good and Evil has never been more fierce, or more confusing. If you're a fan of Eden, then you will certainly become an even bigger fan of Babylon! In the first book, the world itself has fallen apart. Mountains have crumbled and the sea is nothing but dust.
Heaven above and Hell below have opened their gates, throwing Alexandra into the midst of it all in hopes of saving mankind. We were there with her as she struggled with her new identity, coming to terms with who she truly is and what she was put on this Earth to do. And by the end of the story, we felt that she done just that. We were wrong. In following her heart, she may have made an unwise decision, unleashing an even greater threat upon the Earth. Torn between what she knows is right, and fear of losing her only true love yet again, and this time forever, Alexandra must stand up and fight and undo the damage that has been done.
I know, just another book series about the apocalypse But it's not! This series is much different than those I have come across in recent years, and offers a fresh new take on the end of the world and how it comes about. I promise, you will not be disappointed after reading these books, especially Babylon! Read it! Jun 30, Kim rated it it was ok Shelves: I didn't find this book as good as the last one.
I found the first part to be confusing between the dreams and flashbacks to events in the previous books. There was too much of the dreams, and not enough events and story. Not as developed as a story goes, and characters not as clearly defined.
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Paul Higgins rated it it was amazing May 11, John Carter rated it really liked it Aug 09, Pat rated it it was ok Nov 10, John Herndon rated it it was amazing Feb 08, Lori Reynolds rated it really liked it Jul 14, Jared rated it it was amazing May 18, Pat rated it it was amazing Dec 30, Laura Wolf rated it it was amazing Apr 29, Lynn Kusaka rated it it was amazing Jul 29, Lisa Franks-Jansson rated it it was amazing Oct 11, Jeana Joseph rated it it was amazing Dec 26, Luula rated it did not like it May 12, Jan 26, Heather rated it it was amazing.
Can't wait for Brazilia!!! Isa And demons and monsters shall meet, and the hairy ones shall cry out one to another, there hath the lamia lain down, and found rest for herself. Isa and the screech owl shall rest there, and shall finde for her selfe a quiet dwelling. Then the King James Version :. Isa The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island , and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.
And I, the Instructor, proclaim His glorious splendour so as to frighten and to te[rrify] all the spirits of the destroying angels, spirits of the bastards , demons, Lilith, howlers, and [desert dwellers] As with the Massoretic Text of Isaiah , and therefore unlike the plural liliyyot or liliyyoth in the Isaiah scroll , lilit in 4Q is singular, this liturgical text both cautions against the presence of supernatural malevolence and assumes familiarity with Lilith; distinct from the biblical text, however, this passage does not function under any socio-political agenda, but instead serves in the same capacity as An Exorcism 4Q and Songs to Disperse Demons 11Q Joseph M.
Baumgarten identified the unnamed woman of The Seductress 4Q as related to female demon. Collins  regards this identification as "intriguing" but that it is "safe to say" that 4Q is based on the strange woman of Proverbs 2, 5, 7, Her house sinks down to death, And her course leads to the shades.
- From Eden to Babylon.
- Babylon (Eden Saga #2).
- Blue from Babylon: Notes from the Curatorial Trenches.
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All who go to her cannot return And find again the paths of life. Her gates are gates of death, and from the entrance of the house She sets out towards Sheol. None of those who enter there will ever return, And all who possess her will descend to the Pit. Lilith does not occur in the Mishnah. The above statement by Hanina may be related to the belief that nocturnal emissions engendered the birth of demons:. The Midrash Rabbah collection contains two references to Lilith. The first one is present in Genesis Rabbah and according to Rabbi Hiyya God proceeded to create a second Eve for Adam, after Lilith had to return to dust.
Chavvah ha-Rishonah , analogically to the phrase Adam ha-Rishon , i. Although in the medieval Hebrew literature and folklore, especially that reflected on the protective amulets of various kinds, Chavvah ha-Rishonah was identified with Lilith, one should remain careful in transposing this equation to the Late Antiquity. The second mention of Lilith, this time explicit, is present in Numbers Rabbah The midrash develops the story of Moses' plea after God expresses anger at the bad report of the spies.
Moses responds to a threat by God that He will destroy the Israelite people. Moses pleads before God, that God should not be like Lilith who kills her own children. IV, 22 , He is now destroying! As that Lilith who, when she finds nothing else, turns upon her own children, so Because the Lord was not able to bring this people into the land He hath slain them' Num. XIV, 16! An individual Lilith, along with Bagdana "king of the lilits", is one of the demons to feature prominently in protective spells in the eighty surviving Jewish occult incantation bowls from Sassanid Empire Babylon 4th—6th century CE with influence from Iranian culture.
The center of the inside of the bowl depicts Lilith, or the male form, Lilit. Surrounding the image is writing in spiral form; the writing often begins at the center and works its way to the edge. The incantation bowls which have been analyzed, are inscribed in the following languages, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic , Syriac , Mandaic, Middle Persian , and Arabic. Some bowls are written in a false script which has no meaning. The correctly worded incantation bowl was capable of warding off Lilith or Lilit from the household.
Lilith had the power to transform into a woman's physical features, seduce her husband, and conceive a child. However, Lilith would become hateful towards the children born of the husband and wife and would seek to kill them. Similarly, Lilit would transform into the physical features of the husband, seduce the wife, she would give birth to a child. It would become evident that the child was not fathered by the husband, and the child would be looked down on. Lilit would seek revenge on the family by killing the children born to the husband and wife. Key features of the depiction of Lilith or Lilit include the following.
The figure is often depicted with arms and legs chained, indicating the control of the family over the demon ess.
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The demon ess is depicted in a frontal position with the whole face showing. The eyes are very large, as well as the hands if depicted. The demon ess is entirely static. One bowl contains the following inscription commissioned from a Jewish occultist to protect a woman called Rashnoi and her husband from Lilith:.
Amen, Amen, Selah, Halleluyah! The pseudepigraphical  8th—10th centuries Alphabet of Ben Sira is considered to be the oldest form of the story of Lilith as Adam's first wife. Whether this particular tradition is older is not known. Scholars tend to date the Alphabet between the 8th and 10th centuries CE.
The work has been characterized as satirical. In the text an amulet is inscribed with the names of three angels Senoy , Sansenoy , and Semangelof and placed around the neck of newborn boys in order to protect them from the lilin until their circumcision. However, the idea that Lilith was the predecessor may be exclusive to the Alphabet. The idea in the text that Adam had a wife prior to Eve may have developed from an interpretation of the Book of Genesis and its dual creation accounts; while Genesis describes God's creation of Eve from Adam's rib, an earlier passage, , already indicates that a woman had been made: "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Lilith claims that since she and Adam were created in the same way they were equal and she refuses to submit to him:. After God created Adam, who was alone, He said, "It is not good for man to be alone. Adam and Lilith immediately began to fight. She said, "I will not lie below," and he said, "I will not lie beneath you, but only on top. For you are fit only to be in the bottom position, while I am to be the superior one.
When Lilith saw this, she pronounced the Ineffable Name and flew away into the air. Adam stood in prayer before his Creator: "Sovereign of the universe! Said the Holy One to Adam, "If she agrees to come back, what is made is good. If not, she must permit one hundred of her children to die every day. They told her God's word, but she did not wish to return. The angels said, "We shall drown you in the sea.
If the infant is male, I have dominion over him for eight days after his birth, and if female, for twenty days. When the angels heard Lilith's words, they insisted she go back. But she swore to them by the name of the living and eternal God: "Whenever I see you or your names or your forms in an amulet, I will have no power over that infant. Accordingly, every day one hundred demons perish, and for the same reason, we write the angels' names on the amulets of young children. When Lilith sees their names, she remembers her oath, and the child recovers. The background and purpose of The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is unclear.
It is a collection of stories about heroes of the Bible and Talmud , it may have been a collection of folk-tales , a refutation of Christian , Karaite , or other separatist movements; its content seems so offensive to contemporary Jews that it was even suggested that it could be an anti-Jewish satire ,  although, in any case, the text was accepted by the Jewish mystics of medieval Germany.
In turn, other scholars argue that the target of the Alphabet's satire is very difficult to establish exactly because of the variety of the figures and values ridiculed therein: criticism is actually directed against Adam, who turns out to be weak and ineffective in his relations with his wife. Apparently, the first man is not the only male figure who is mocked: even God cannot subjugate Lilith and needs to ask his messengers, who only manage to go as far as negotiating the conditions of the agreement.
The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is the earliest surviving source of the story, and the conception that Lilith was Adam's first wife became only widely known with the 17th century Lexicon Talmudicum of German scholar Johannes Buxtorf. In this folk tradition that arose in the early Middle Ages Lilith, a dominant female demon, became identified with Asmodeus , King of Demons, as his queen.
Thus, the merging of Lilith and Asmodeus was inevitable. In this case Asmodeus and Lilith were believed to procreate demonic offspring endlessly and spread chaos at every turn. The presence of Lilith and her cohorts were considered very real at this time.
Two primary characteristics are seen in these legends about Lilith: Lilith as the incarnation of lust, causing men to be led astray, and Lilith as a child-killing witch, who strangles helpless neonates. These two aspects of the Lilith legend seemed to have evolved separately; there is hardly a tale where she encompasses both roles. Such stories are commonly found among Jewish folklore.
Although the image of Lilith of the Alphabet of Ben Sira is unprecedented, some elements in her portrayal can be traced back to the talmudic and midrashic traditions that arose around Eve :. Kabbalistic mysticism attempted to establish a more exact relationship between Lilith and the Deity.
With her major characteristics having been well-developed by the end of the Talmudic period, after six centuries had elapsed between the Aramaic incantation texts that mention Lilith and the early Spanish Kabbalistic writings in the 13th century, she reappears, and her life history becomes known in greater mythological detail. Her creation is described in many alternative versions. One mentions her creation as being before Adam's, on the fifth day, because the "living creatures" with whose swarms God filled the waters included none other than Lilith.
A similar version, related to the earlier Talmudic passages, recounts how Lilith was fashioned with the same substance as Adam was, shortly before. A third alternative version states that God originally created Adam and Lilith in a manner that the female creature was contained in the male. Lilith's soul was lodged in the depths of the Great Abyss. When God called her, she joined Adam. After Adam's body was created a thousand souls from the Left evil side attempted to attach themselves to him. However, God drove them off. Adam was left lying as a body without a soul. Then a cloud descended and God commanded the earth to produce a living soul.
This God breathed into Adam, who began to spring to life and his female was attached to his side. God separated the female from Adam's side. The female side was Lilith, whereupon she flew to the Cities of the Sea and attacks humankind. Yet another version claims that Lilith emerged as a divine entity that was born spontaneously, either out of the Great Supernal Abyss or out of the power of an aspect of God the Gevurah of Din. This aspect of God, one of his ten attributes Sefirot , at its lowest manifestation has an affinity with the realm of evil and it is out of this that Lilith merged with Samael.
An alternative story links Lilith with the creation of luminaries. The "first light", which is the light of Mercy one of the Sefirot , appeared on the first day of creation when God said "Let there be light". This light became hidden and the Holiness became surrounded by a husk of evil. The first medieval source to depict Adam and Lilith in full was the Midrash A. Adam is said to be perfect until he recognizes either his sin or Cain's fratricide that is the cause of bringing death into the world.
He then separates from holy Eve, sleeps alone, and fasts for years. During this time Lilith, also known as Pizna , desired his beauty and came to him against his will. The mystical writing of two brothers Jacob and Isaac Hacohen, which predates the Zohar by a few decades, states that Samael and Lilith are in the shape of an androgynous being, double-faced, born out of the emanation of the Throne of Glory and corresponding in the spiritual realm to Adam and Eve, who were likewise born as a hermaphrodite.
The two twin androgynous couples resembled each other and both "were like the image of Above"; that is, that they are reproduced in a visible form of an androgynous deity. In answer to your question concerning Lilith, I shall explain to you the essence of the matter. Concerning this point there is a received tradition from the ancient Sages who made use of the Secret Knowledge of the Lesser Palaces, which is the manipulation of demons and a ladder by which one ascends to the prophetic levels.
In this tradition it is made clear that Samael and Lilith were born as one, similar to the form of Adam and Eve who were also born as one, reflecting what is above. This is the account of Lilith which was received by the Sages in the Secret Knowledge of the Palaces. Another version  that was also current among Kabbalistic circles in the Middle Ages establishes Lilith as the first of Samael's four wives: Lilith, Naamah , Eisheth , and Agrat bat Mahlat.
Each of them are mothers of demons and have their own hosts and unclean spirits in no number. Blind Dragon acts as an intermediary between Lilith and Samael:. Blind Dragon rides Lilith the Sinful — may she be extirpated quickly in our days, Amen! And just as the Dragon that is in the sea Isa.
In many 17th century Kabbalistic books, this mythologem is based on the identification of " Leviathan the Slant Serpent and Leviathan the Torturous Serpent" and a reinterpretation of an old Talmudic myth where God castrated the male Leviathan and slew the female Leviathan in order to prevent them from mating and thereby destroying the earth. A 15th or 16th century Kabbalah text states that God has "cooled" the female Leviathan, meaning that he has made Lilith infertile and she is a mere fornication.
The Treatise on the Left Emanation says that there are two Liliths, the lesser being married to the great demon Asmodeus. The Matron Lilith is the mate of Samael. Both of them were born at the same hour in the image of Adam and Eve, intertwined in each other. Asmodeus the great king of the demons has as a mate the Lesser younger Lilith, daughter of the king whose name is Qafsefoni.
The name of his mate is Mehetabel daughter of Matred, and their daughter is Lilith. Another passage charges Lilith as being a tempting serpent of Eve. And the Serpent, the Woman of Harlotry, incited and seduced Eve through the husks of Light which in itself is holiness. And the Serpent seduced Holy Eve, and enough said for him who understands. And all this ruination came about because Adam the first man coupled with Eve while she was in her menstrual impurity — this is the filth and the impure seed of the Serpent who mounted Eve before Adam mounted her. Behold, here it is before you: because of the sins of Adam the first man all the things mentioned came into being.
For Evil Lilith, when she saw the greatness of his corruption, became strong in her husks, and came to Adam against his will, and became hot from him and bore him many demons and spirits and Lilin. This passage may be related to the mention of Lilith in Talmud Shabbath b see above , and also to Talmud Eruvin 18b where nocturnal emissions are connected with the begettal of demons. Raphael Patai states that older sources state clearly that after Lilith's Red Sea sojourn mentioned also in Louis Ginzberg 's Legends of the Jews , she returned to Adam and begat children from him.
In the Zohar, however, Lilith is said to have succeeded in begetting offspring from Adam during their short-lived sexual experience. Lilith leaves Adam in Eden, as she is not a suitable helpmate for him. She returns, later, to force herself upon him. However, before doing so she attaches herself to Cain and bears him numerous spirits and demons. He was also aware of another story, possibly older, that may be conflicting. The issue of these unions were demons and spirits called "the plagues of humankind". A copy of Jean de Pauly 's translation of the Zohar in the Ritman Library contains an inserted late 17th Century printed Hebrew sheet for use in magical amulets where the prophet Elijah confronts Lilith.
The sheet contains two texts within borders, which are amulets, one for a male 'lazakhar' , the other one for a female 'lanekevah'. A few lines in Yiddish are followed by the dialogue between the prophet Elijah and Lilith when he met her with her host of demons to kill the mother and take her new-born child 'to drink her blood, suck her bones and eat her flesh'.
She tells Elijah that she will lose her power if someone uses her secret names, which she reveals at the end: lilith, abitu, abizu, hakash, avers hikpodu, ayalu, matrota Yalqut Reubeni , Zohar b, . The demon Lilith, the evil woman, is described as a beautiful woman, who transforms into a blue, butterfly-like demon, and it is associated with the power of seduction.
The Qliphah is the unbalanced power of a Sephirah. Malkuth is the lowest Sephirah, the realm of the earth, into which all the divine energy flows, and in which the divine plan is worked out.
Astarte, Aesir Of Tartessos
However, its unbalanced form is as Lilith, the seductress. The material world, and all of its pleasures, is the ultimate seductress, and can lead to materialism unbalanced by the spirituality of the higher spheres. This ultimately leads to a descent into animal consciousness. The balance must therefore be found between Malkuth and Kether , to find order and harmony.
According to Augustine Calmet , Lilith has connections with early views on vampire and sorcery:. Some learned men have thought they discovered some vestiges of vampirism in the remotest antiquity; but all that they say of it does not come near what is related of the vampires. Whence it comes that the Jews are accustomed to write in the four corners of the chamber of a woman just delivered, "Adam, Eve, be gone from hence lilith.
According to Siegmund Hurwitz the Talmudic Lilith is connected with the Greek Lamia , who, according to Hurwitz, likewise governed a class of child stealing lamia-demons. Lamia bore the title "child killer" and was feared for her malevolence, like Lilith. She has different conflicting origins and is described as having a human upper body from the waist up and a serpentine body from the waist down.
Another, that Lamia was subsequently cursed by the goddess Hera to have stillborn children because of her association with Zeus; alternatively, Hera slew all of Lamia's children except Scylla in anger that Lamia slept with her husband, Zeus. The grief caused Lamia to turn into a monster that took revenge on mothers by stealing their children and devouring them.
She was notorious for being a vampiric spirit and loved sucking men's blood. Zeus was said to have given her the gift of sight. However, she was "cursed" to never be able to shut her eyes so that she would forever obsess over her dead children. Taking pity on Lamia, Zeus gave her the ability to remove and replace her eyes from their sockets.
The Empusae were a class of supernatural demons that Lamia was said to have birthed. Hecate would often send them against travelers. They consumed or scared to death any of the people where they inhabited. They bear many similarities to lilim. It has been suggested that later medieval lore of the succubi or lilim is derived from this myth. Lilith is not found in the Quran or Hadith.
The Sufi occult writer Ahmad al-Buni d. Lilith's earliest appearance in the literature of the Romantic period — was in Goethe 's work Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy.