Cranes Crest at Sunset (Drumbeats Romance Book 1)

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Complimentary refreshments included. Saturdays at the historic Garrison Savannah. For details call the Barbados Turf Club at or visit www. For further details call the GCA at or visit:. James Harvest Garden Party at St. James Parish Church in Holetown - Sat. For further info call St. James Parish Church at Open Houses are pm. For venue details call The BNT at Marcus Beckles at Petrea Gardens, St. Open Gardens are pm. For further details call or visit.

For further details call the BKC at For further info please call: For further details visit www. An Olivier winning, historical, fantastical play set on Martin Luther King's last night on earth. For further info visit. For further details call the GCA at or visit. For more info call The Barbados National Trust at For further details call the Barbados Turf Club at or visit their website at. For further details contact sailbarbados gmail.

For further information call The National Cultural Foundation at or visit. For further details call the BMHS at or visit www. Caribbean J24 Open Championships Sat. Soca Royale Sun. Thomas Post Office, St. Continuing to Sat. Grand Kadooment Mon. Motor Racing Williams Industries Inc. Hockey Banks Hockey Festival Sun. One of the most gruelling SUP races in the world for elite paddlers. For more details call or email irieman sunbeach. When it comes to vacation travel, Courtyard by Marriott offers a refreshing way to unwind.

For further details call Scheduled for the last weekend in September or early October. For further details email paul volleybarbados. For further info call BGC at or visit www. For further details call the Barbados Turf Club at or visit www. A Few of our Favourite Things Thu. For further details call The Barbados Tourism Authority at or visit www. Boxing Day at the Races! For further details call the Barbados Museum at or visit. Consequently, over the decades, Barbados has earned a good name for itself as a destination where sports enthusiasts from all around the globe can converge to enjoy the best the island has to offer and return home laden with happy lifetime memories.

In more recent times, Barbados has successfully hosted a wide range of world championships. To encourage you to consider bringing your sports team to Barbados, to participate yourself as an individual or to simply come along as a spectator, the following pages present a selection of some of the possibly more appealing events taking place in Barbados. To help you find more information, we have provided a list of some of the Barbados Sports Associations on page Cricket Cricket is still a huge sport in Barbados with a great number of participants and a big spectator following.

A trip to Kensington Oval to watch the West Indies play is much more than a cricket game, it is also a social event and a real Barbados experience. Beamed to a live television audience of more than million in the United States and England, the event entails a full card of races plus a spectacular opening parade prior to the main feature.

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Shooters are welcome at all the local shooting clubs:Barbados Rifle Assoc. For info on monthly competitions visit: www. Monday to Saturday they welcome all visitors, partnering if necessary. For more information on the times of games - visit their site www. Barbados Bridge League. Hockey The Banks Barbados International Hockey Festival is divided into men, women, veterans and mixed-team divisions. Usually held in August, this fun-filled festival attracts teams from all across the globe.

The Wanderers International Masters Football Tournament is one of the Caribbean's premier football events for players over the age of Email: paulwright gmail. Sailing Competitive sailing in Barbados is growing at such an unprecedented rate that we have a dedicated article about sailing events planned for See page The Waterman Festival includes an exciting series of competitive events including surfing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, stand-up paddling and swimming. Bring your boots and stay for the socializing. Apes Hill Club is a stunning golf course situated on an elevated ridge 1, feet above sea-level, with superb signature holes.

The elegant Clubhouse has a superb setting overlooking the 9th hole. Sandy Lane has two magnificent Tom Fazio designed, hole championship courses, The Green Monkey and the Country Club, as well as an attractive 9-hole resort course. On the south coast, the Barbados Golf Club is a well-maintained hole course where visitors are made very welcome. This links-style 6, yd. This is an ideal outing for golfers of all abilities. Group outings are welcome and golf events can be tailor-made on request. Amenities include a pro-shop, a bar and restaurant, as well as practice putting and chipping greens and warm-up nets.

Sandy Lane Golf Club. With lush grassland, coral stone quarries, wooded ravines and sparkling lakes, the course is as much in accord with its natural surroundings as it is an exciting challenge for golfers. Multiple tees, elevated to showcase the breathtaking west and east coast views, allow players of all capabilities equal opportunity for a satisfying game.

The top quality layout of the 7, yards, par course has been implemented with tremendous regard to the full range of strategies that players need to adopt when facing each hole. As would be expected at a venue of such high aspirations, the course is maintained in immaculate condition. To quote the renowned publication Golf World: "Holes 11 to 14 provide an Amen Corner every bit as dramatic and invigorating as the one we all know in Georgia. These holes tiptoe over the brow of the island, disappear amongst jungle and rough coral outcrops, to provide the most sensational string of holes that can be found anywhere.

It's that good! The developers, with a. Although golf membership is reserved only for property owners at Apes Hill Club, there are a limited amount of guest fees available for others to enjoy the course. There are excellent practice facilities, where high-quality practice balls stacked in pyramids, await your arrival on freshly cut lush paspalum grass. If you are travelling light, premium hire clubs and shoes are available upon request.

Please call the Professional Shop at for further information. Polo was originally introduced to Barbados in the 19th century by British cavalry officers who were stationed at the Garrison. The first Barbados Polo Club was started at that location in , before relocating to its present premises at Holders in St. James in Since then polo has flourished tremendously in Barbados, so much so that today the island is home to five international standard polo fields: Holders, Apes Hill Club, Clifton, Lion Castle and Buttals. The polo scene in Barbados tends to be very convivial and, like most sports on the island, it can be just as much a social occasion as a sporting event.

Apart from the fact that this enjoyable ambiance has resulted in large crowds of spectators being attracted to the matches, it has also made it a lot easier to encourage international teams to come to the island to play in tournaments. And once they have been here and sampled the local polo and hospitality, they keep coming back for more! The widespread international media coverage that goes with such high profile events, helped to propel Barbados even more onto the world polo stage. The Polo Season promises to be just as exciting as ever with a full, action-packed schedule of matches starting from January 13th.

A number of perennial and popular visiting teams will be returning this season, notably including The Villages from the USA, from January 30 - February 3; to be followed by the Cheshire Club from England who will repeat their annual visit with matches played between February 24 - March 3.

Later in the season, teams from Brazil and India will tour in April. If you have never been to a polo match, then Barbados is a wonderful place to start. You will be made very welcome and these occasions usually provide a full afternoon of entertainment in addition to the polo, ranging from sedate afternoon tea to amiable social imbibing. There is plenty of merriment on match final evenings, often rocking on well into the evening with a full bar, a delicious BBQ dinner and lively dance music to cap off a complete day of fun. As well as the high profile tournaments, the Barbados Polo Club also has several club tournaments which are more low key but where members enjoy playing some excellent polo.

For a full schedule of the matches you can refer to the Calendar of Events at the front of this publication or go online to www. So when a homegrown Bajan makes news headlines in the NFL, then that really is big news! When Ramon Harewood ran onto the field with the Baltimore Ravens to make his debut NFL start against the Cincinnati Bengals, it could easily have been the highlight scene from a Hollywood blockbuster. Now, against that intimidating background, consider the incredible fact that Ramon Harewood had never played the game until five years ago!

Ramon was born and raised in Barbados. Despite having to deal with the challenge of his mother passing when he was just a boy, he proved himself to be a hard worker and a good student. He won himself a place at Queens College and did well enough go on to the University of the West Indies to study Engineering. Throughout his academic journey he also found time to excel at sport, representing Barbados in athletics, rugby and volleyball. When he got there, the football coaches took. Ramon gave it a go and immediately loved it. They had to tell him the rules, show him how to play, even how to put the equipment on.

Looking back on his story, it is almost beyond belief that Ramon only played football at Morehouse for three years before he was signed up by Baltimore during the NFL Draft. His meteoric rise in the sport was still gaining rocket-like impetus when, out of the blue, injury slammed him right back down to earth. His first season was ended before it really began when he had to have surgery on both knees. That massive setback was then tragically repeated the following year, when he tore ligaments in his ankle and again required surgery and a long lay off. So, as this season started, it would not have been surprising if Ramon had felt down about his prospects.

Many people might have slipped quietly out of contention, but not Ramon Harewood. To just keep fighting. And that's all I did, I kept going. So it's not in my mentality to quit. Other famous names include film director Spike Lee, actor Samuel L. Jackson and Olympic gold medal hurdler Edwin Moses. But Morehouse has yet to produce a star performer in the NFL. Could Ramon Harewood be the man? Hold on to that thought about the Hollywood blockbuster. Forde Tel: Our capital city contains an amiable hodgepodge of historic and modern buildings that grew like barnacles on a hull.

Centring around the Careenage bridges, the low-density urban sprawl of the greater Bridgetown area is home to some 80, people and covers much of the parish of St. Except in the city centre, which is entirely commercial and shuts down at night, Bridgetown is a series of diverse little neighbourhoods where homes, shops, and government buildings cluster in close proximity. A leisurely walk will reveal numerous places of interest, whether places of worship, old merchant houses in the narrow back streets, or colonial masterpieces on main thoroughfares. In the same sector, and within easy walking distance from the Deep Water Harbour where cruise ships dock, is the Harbour Industrial Park.

Both its products and its tours are very highly rated. On Princess Alice Highway, you encounter Pelican Craft Village, a colourful complex where high-quality local crafts and condiments abound. Farther down on the other side of the road, the Bridgetown fish market is alive with scaling and slicing, and a good place to examine local fish that appear on our menus.

Farther still, where the name changes to Hincks Street, is a row of colonial warehouses, painted in pretty pastels. One of them houses the Cloister Bookstore, where you can find West Indian literature—well worth discovering. Parallel to this stretch, fruit and vegetable markets occupy a stretch of Cheapside near the central post office. Both the outdoor stalls and the covered market provide good buys and vendors who are happy to explain their interesting tropical produce.

Old Town Hall has had a facelift, and St. Step in, if only to see its painted, barrel-vaulted ceiling. Or you can venture into Suttle Street for a glimpse of old merchant houses. While meandering down Broad Street, keep an eye out for The Colonnade, a pink, 19th century building with an ornate balcony.

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Further along Prince William Henry St. The west wing houses a fine little museum, which highlights the fascinating transition from plantation slavery to a modern and model democratic society. Across the water from these august edifices, Independence Square offers waterside lounging. Behind all this is Palmetto Square with its strange combo of gambling arcades and vegetable vendors. The maze of alleys running off it can lead to surprises.

Look for old merchant houses, with little balconies overlooking the street. Farther along in this direction takes you to another plaza, that of the Central Bank. This shady spot is good for stopping with a snack and observing passersby. So how did it get here? There is a lot to see at the oldest synagogue in the western hemisphere: the mikvah, the graveyard, the museum and of course the synagogue itself. Photo: Andrew Hulsmeier. The Cathedral of St. Michael and All Angels on St. It is currently undergoing restoration. The James Street Methodist Church reminds us of the important role this denomination played in Christianising enslaved Africans.

The first church here was destroyed by a mob. This Georgian replacement has Palladian elements and a lovely rose window. Sephardic Jews contributed enormously to Barbados ascendance in the 17th century. Picturesque Synagogue Lane leads to an urban sanctuary that contains the oldest synagogue in the western hemisphere, a fascinating graveyard, jewel of a museum, and archaeologically important, spring fed Mikvah—a ritual bath. Catholics too were a minority.

Nevertheless, they built St. Rebuilt in in English Gothic revival style, it boasts quatrefoil clerestory windows, carved stone detail, and a collection of heraldic plaques honouring the West India Regiment. Touch the screen to experience the ultimate underwater adventure with 7 functions including dive mode, logbook, compass, alarm and thermo. For shopping, the City has the widest variety in a fairly concentrated space.

Nowhere else, for example, will you find a toy and craft supply store Laurie Dash, Bay Street near Independence Square within short walking distance of a bookshop, a picture framer, cigar seller, and clothing boutiques. Although Broad and Swan, the two main streets for shopping, have totally different characters, the hodgepodge effect still applies to Broad Street. Broad Street is chock-a-block with duty free shopping on luxuries at places like Little Switzerland, Milano, Tiffany, and Colombian Emeralds. Some shops offer custom setting of the jewels, and at Diamonds International you can enjoy their chic private shopping lounge.

Cave Shepherd, the year-old department store, gathers a range of merchandise from perfume to liquor, clothing, and souvenirs all under one roof. By contrast, Swan Street, Lucas Street, High Street and James Street throb with Barbadian shoppers seeking bargains on everything from fabrics to housewares to shoes and clothes. The street vendors just add to the texture of the whole experience. Pop in for a trip down memory lane. A trip to town is also a good opportuntiy to enjoy a nice lunch. The Careenage with its bobbing boats is a lovely place to have lunch, and the Waterfront Cafe there allures locals and visitors alike.

By the western end of the boardwalk, the Jolly Roger Tavern is great for casual dining with an atmosphere of fun. Farther south on Carlisle Bay, Lobster Alive offers delicious lobster and fresh fish, sometimes with live jazz, in a barefoot ambience on a stunning expanse of sand. While in these settings, try picturing the bay full of sailing vessels coming to trade.

In these watches, pendants, rings and earrings, the spirit of Happy Diamonds is ever present through the free-spirited play of the precious gems, while the curves of the 8 find a stylistic echo in the interlacing circles. This new, imposing and dynamic model continues the tradition of the DATEJUST, the first self-winding waterproof wristwatch chronometer to display the date in a window on the dial. This extensive update enriches the personality of this distinguished, sleek, sporty model, symbolizing the privileged links Rolex enjoys with the world of sailing.

Raymond Weil Freelancer Urban Black A striking 42mm chronograph in black PVD with an eye catching red accented tachometer and transparent case back, revealing the sophisticated mechanical movement. Swiss quartz. Various complimentary pieces available. BB ZM Necklace: Ref. CB Earrings: Ref. Saturated with majestic colour, radiating a scintillating yellow light of extraordinary purity; Divina is as captivating as the morning sun.

The Divina diamond collection is available exclusively at Milano Diamond Gallery. Cave Shepherd, the island's lone department store, is situated on Broad Street in the heart of Bridgetown, as well as at a number of other convenient locations islandwide. They feature duty free shopping, a multiplex and VIP cinema, pharmaceutical services, spa and salon services, banking services, doctor and homeopathic services, taxi services, and so much more!

The newly renovated Coca Cola Food Court has the largest multi-cultural selection of restaurants on the island, all conveniently housed under one roof. Open Mon-Sat 9am until 9pm. On the south coast road there are some excellent shops at Quayside Centre and the new Lanterns Mall. The overall quality of shopping in Barbados continues to improve - Holetown has always had good shopping malls, such as the West Coast Mall and Sunset Mall, so with the exciting addition of the Limegrove Lifestyle Centre the overall area has now become a major shopping destination in Barbados.

The charming Chattel Village is a colourful cluster of interesting chattel house shops in Sunset Crest, Holetown. They stock an impressive range of duty free merchandise including designer clothing and swimwear, perfumes, bags, cosmetics and a full range of quality souvenirs. In the heart of Holetown, the Indigo Courtyard with its buttercup yellow buildings, is where you'll find Gaye Boutique and Leonard Menswear with their fine array of renowned designer clothing and footwear from around the world and Heather Harrington Jones with her incredible selection of one of a kind designer jewellery and watches.

The departure lounge of the Grantley Adams International Airport has a number of well laid out tax free shops. Diamonds International, Colombian Emeralds, Best of Barbados and Cave Shepherd all have very good branches there that carry an extensive selection of beautiful things. Shopping there is a great way to cheer yourself up when you are leaving the sunny Caribbean!

Along with these celebrity guests, Barbados generally attracts significant numbers of sophisticated and discerning visitors people who are accustomed to enjoying the very best that the world has to offer, wherever they may be residing at the time. The unparalleled Limegrove Lifestyle Centre has been planned and created with a tremendous depth of detail, specifically to provide a diversity of sumptuous offerings at a level of quality never before experienced in Barbados.

After the much anticipated, gradual unfurling of the Limegrove Lifestyle Centre, initiated during the Christmas Season , visitors and locals alike can luxuriate in a remarkable 85, sq. This extensive and varied mix of retailers has been carefully compiled to provide something for everyone. In a nutshell, 'everything one could desire'. Limegrove has been cleverly schemed around three distinct and very attractive courtyards, the Water Courtyard, the Palm Courtyard, and the Caribbean Courtyard, all of which are conveniently interconnected while still retaining their own individual ambiance.

While walking around this magnificent complex, one of the striking characteristics of Limegrove is that there always seems to be something different and exciting going on around every corner - and there are lots of corners! To make life at Limegrove even more interesting and appealing, a regular events programme will ensure that there is always something new happening; ranging from art shows to culinary events to live entertainment to cultural displays indeed anything that the public will find engaging.

Limegrove Lifestyle Centre - the most stylish place to shop, dine, lime and live in the Caribbean. Limegrove Lifestyle Centre, Holetown, St. James, Barbados W. The Cartier Juste en Clou - an iconic collection created in the 70s, is the expression of a rebellious nature and the reflection of self-belief. Bracelet in yellow gold, extra large model. Contemporary and refined, the Calibre de Cartier reinterprets the round form in watch-making with character and style. Equipped with the new Manufacture Cartier movement, this new timepiece is a combination of sporting masculinity and exceptional expertise.

Shown left in pink gold and chocolate and right in pink gold and steel. Bulgari Bulgari pink gold flip ring, bracelet, and pendant and chain with mother of pearl and onyx. Naga Collection Dragon slim kick cuff and round pendant with ruby on chain necklace. All in Sterling Silver and 18K Gold. Inspired by advanced automobile technology and the world of Aston Martin the Amvox pays homage to the rich past of inventor Edmond Jaeger and the mark he left on the automobile industry,.

Audemars Piguet In tribute to the achievement of its inspiration, the extra-thin selfwinding Jules Audemars Perpetual Calendar pushes back the limits of miniaturization. Panerai The Royal Oak Chronograph is an original encounter between performance and extreme sophistication.

The P. SuperOcean 42 White Water The great white sports watch The Breitling spirit is set to make waves again with a new version of the Superocean 42 entirely clad in white from strap through bezel to dial. Ultrasturdy, ultra-sporty and water-resistant to the fabulous depth of 1, meters 5, ft , this diver's watch with a steely character has already established itself as a champion of reliability on the wrists of those with a taste for powerful sensations.

The Chronomat 41 with its Manufacture Breitling caliber and its superb presence on the wrist has asserted itself as the chronograph par excellence. The brand now offers its star model in a 2,piece limited series that will appeal more strongly than ever to enthusiasts of original designs. The sporting touch is accentuated by a black dial with a red central chronograph seconds hand and red counter hands.

The transparent sapphire crystal caseback affords the rare privilege of a chance to admire Breitling Caliber 01, the world's finest chronograph movement, entirely developed and produced in the brand workshops. Water-resistant to m ft. A strong, unique and quintessential design, combined with all the performances expected of an authentic "instrument for professionals". Thanks to its double disk, the Transocean Chronograph Unitime simultaneously and constantly indicates the time in all 24 timezones.

An innovative system based on a patented mechanism enables the user, when changing timezone, to adjust all the indications in one smooth and easy move by simply turning the crown.

An exceptional new instrument makes its grand entry into the world of exclusive fine mechanisms.. This means that a trip to Barbados can offer visitors a chance to buy some very special clothing and accessories. Indeed, when taking into consideration the excellent value for money on the tax-free prices, it can be argued that the boutiques in Barbados provide an even more attractive opportunity for the purchase of high quality apparel and accessories.

Full of old world charm, Speightstown is a little further north, a bit less developed and enjoys a slower pace. Elegant, chic and stylish, Dingolay is the place to visit for a classic shopping experience. Located on the south coast, in Sheraton Mall, Dingolay is a fashion attraction not to missed! A sense of freedom and summer is one that permeates the collection in its entirety and is also displayed in its simple colour palette. She crosses all the meridians of the globe in the style of an urban or exotic traveller. White forms the basis of her wardrobe, enlivened with burnt, warm shades of scorched brown and gold mixed with feminine touches of pink, lavender, sky blue or deeply pigmented indigo.

James Phone longchamp. Heritage Longchamp was founded in Paris in by Jean Cassegrain, and is still owned and run by the Cassegrain family today. Refreshing advertising campaigns and exciting collaborations with artists underline the contemporary and sometimes playful spirit of Longchamp, which owns more than exclusive boutiques worldwide. Craftmanship A fashion handbag such as the Balzan bag requires as many as actions to finish. In order to maintain and present the best craftsmanship, many of the experienced crafstmen and women here have been with Longchamp all their lives, and are proud to pass on their unique skills to a new generation of artisans.

Experienced employees and professional engineers with advanced processing equipments put all the care and attention into the articles destined to carry the Longchamp signature. This finequality leather naturally lends itself to three spacious, body-friendly styles: a vertical tote and two shoppers. All feature adjustable straps that enable them to be carried over the shoulder, on the arm or in the hand — a versatility that will be valued by the Longchamp woman, who is constantly on the move. Gold or silver metallic leather edging adds a sophisticated, feminine touch, while a removable identity tag is engraved with Longchamp heritage symbols, including a horseshoe and a pipe.

Inside each bag, meanwhile, attached to the key hook, is a zippered leather pouch for valuables. It, too, is embossed with the LM motif in a scaled-down version, which is also to be found on the LM Cuir small leather goods. Conversely, the motif is scaled up for two limitededition travel bags and a trolley case.

A hand-held duffle bag in embossed cowhide is trimmed with stripes of metallic and python-styled leather. LM by Longchamp. Two initials. One icon in the making. Since that time Agent Provocateur has become an iconic globally recognized brand breaking new ground with every collection and rightfully earning its place as a benchmark brand in the world of lingerie. It is a brand that is confident, sensual and irreverent. It is known for its craftsmanship, its fit, its appreciation and use of beautiful fabrics and its playfulness. Agent Provocateur celebrates and empowers women.

Along with the Classics Collection showcased below , the boutique features the seasonal lingerie collection, jewellery and beauty. Each boutique is a luxurious emporium, featuring boudoir inspired furnishings that complement the collections and indulge the customer. The sales staff wear the iconic pink housecoat designed by Vivienne Westwood. Now encompassing swimwear, beauty, hosiery and accessories in addition to lingerie, Agent Provocateur continues to excite and inspire on a global scale.

What would you choose for your own? See our style guide of timeless Michael Kors accessories and fragrances below. Each reflects the unique point of view of designer Michael Kors: style that successfully juxtaposes tailored and glam, sexy and sporty, polished and casual, whether for day or night, weekend or work, home or destination.

Their premium assortment is supplemented with shoes and accessories as well as licensed watches, eyewear, and fragrances. In , in San Francisco Sun-Dek of California, a swimsuit brand from the early 40's, decided to increase its collection by introducing a small line of nylon or cotton-nylon shorts especially designed for surfing, thus creating Sundek, one of the first brands dedicated to this sport.

Their innovative solutions like using velcro instead of zippers, and colorful tropical prints on cotton, soon made popular demand increase. Thanks to their technical qualities and original easy to recognize design, they soon became an icon for surfers, of which there is a growing population in Barbados.

James Phone shopsundek. James Barbados Tel. Gaye Boutique is especially known for their fabulous lines of imported designer beachwear by Maryan Mehlhorn, Gottex, Ralph Lauren and Lidea. Adjoining the Gaye boutique is Leonard Menswear, catering to the well-dressed man, with a wide-ranging selection of casual menswear, beachwear and footwear. Having moved from London in , the proprietor who began as a jewelry designer fuses a passion for island living with London design savvy.

Corner of 2nd Street, Holetown, St. James Phone bethandtracie. Island inspired prints are tastefully embellished with embroidered orchids, hibiscus and pineapples. The loose, flowing silhouettes are forgiving and flattering to most figures, while the flirty lines and exquisite details reflect luxury, femininity and Caribbean-flavoured romance. A selection of unique accessories are also available jeweled sandals, metallic flats, whimsical belts, woven beach bags and jewelry such as the semi-precious leather wraps cleverly versatile as a necklace, layered bracelet or belt.

Order online from bethandtracie. Since this locally owned boutique has clothed generations of Barbadian women, and countless Caribbean and international visitors who, having discovered this classy boutique, return time and time again. Known for their classic, Caribbean-chic attire and ever-changing range of stock, the shop is always brimming with an amazing array of the latest styles and some of the hottest resort collections in the world of fashion.

Their level of care and service makes Dingolay a fashion attraction not to missed! Find them, explore and discover for yourself! Talk about excitement! While reaching the 1 spot with your second release might be a good script for a movie, it is not a regular occurrence in the tough world of the music industry. To further underscore the fairytale element of the Cover Drive success story to date, the members of this young band have only been working together for just over two years.

We're the perfect fit. Amanda loves pop music, I like metal and hip hop, Barry likes punk rock and Jamar is into indie music, but our influences meet in pop and the Bajan music we all grew up on. So when we formed, we found our sound straight away. Although the guys wrote their own songs from day one, they first made their name by performing covers of popular hits, but all spiced up with their own Bajan flavour.

Later to be dubbed the Fedora Sessions, because they all wore fedora hats to add some style to their image, their very first efforts were a. They immediately caught the attention of record labels from around the world and, amazingly, within just six months of forming the band they were signed by Polydor. All four members of Cover Drive have adapted to the life of a professional musician with gusto and a full appreciation of what they need to do to succeed.

Hard work is the norm and their creative juices are flowing hours a day. Guided by the wisdom of their management team, these emerging stars are keeping their feet firmly on the ground. They are pushing themselves and having fun at the same time. Life is flying by at lightning pace for the young Bajan quartet. Shocked and so happy! It all gets very emotional because here we are doing what we always dreamed about. It only seems like yesterday when we were down in the basement writing that song, and now … Likened to silk and cashmere, this internationally certified fibre is considered to be among the strongest, and is the source of the most brilliant of cotton fine fabrics.

Open 10am to 2pm, Mon to Fri. Call for directions. Typical sea-island cotton field B. Immature cotton boll C. Mature cotton boll D. Ginning seed cotton E. Cotton lint F, G, H. Locals and visitors enjoy Exclusive Cottons ginnery tour I. Cotton bales packed and ready to be shipped away to be spun into yarn J. Hand-painted sarong and scarf L. Throw cushion and bath towels M. Luxurious cotton robe, chemise and bed linens. As part of the chain of life, they provide food for other species and they provide useful functions such as the pollination of plants. Insects are hardy and can live under almost all environmental conditions, but they are particularly fond of the tropics.

Insect species on Barbados run from the mundane such as the various termite species which are the bane of householders to the rarer stick insect, which sensibly camouflages itself as a twig to avoid predators. It is known locally as the Godhorse and as children we taunted each other and terrorized ourselves with the folk belief that if one got into your ear, it would drive you mad.

Stuff and nonsense of course, but these wild beliefs were part of a West Indian childhood. As habitat changes, so does the insect population change. With the diminution of lands planted in sugar, once common insects associated with the sugar cane plant, such as the cane beetle and the cane borer, have become scarce. The number of ant species seems to be on the rise, with new types being reported. Butterfly species however remain relatively few in number, though the trade winds do blow in the occasional exotic species. One recent notable addition has been the frangipani moth whose gorgeous caterpillar is shown here.

Pictured at Right, top to bottom: Butterfly Richard Roach. Frangipani Hawkmoth Caterpillar Pseudosphinx Tetrio. Suprisingly, this beauty morphes into a brown moth. As the name suggests he devours the leaves of frangipani trees - poisonous to us humans but his absolute favourite nosh. Andre Williams. Though obviously reflecting quite different economic realities, both types of dwelling evolved in response to the climate. Whether home is humble or haute, our most prized possessions include mahogany furniture—products of a long tradition of fine Barbadian craftsmanship in this amazing wood.

Our historical ties with the UK have made Barbados an obvious choice as a second home destination for many British families of means and taste. This has resulted in an increased demand for the services of those who know how to make their tropical residences comfortable, and to look fantastic too. Though still obscure in the s, Barbados had begun attracting an aristocratic coterie of holiday home owners.

It was among them that celebrated set and costume designer Oliver Messel reinvented himself as an architect and interior designer. Intending to retire here, he bought an ordinary bay house and transformed it with his theatrical panache. When friends asked him to perform similar wonders, his new career was born. So was his trademark style, which involved arches, columns, lattice work, French doors with fanciful fan-lights, and cement floors that actually looked elegant.

He also revived wrought iron for furnishings and accessories, and introduced white-on-white interiors. Building on these beginnings, contemporary local architects, contractors, artisans and designers, interior decorators and landscapers have all played a role in creating some of the most desirable residences to be found anywhere in the world. The ins and outs of our tropical location are familiar to the others too. Our architects, designers and decorators are well versed in reliable sources of material, labour, custom joinery and soft furnishings.

In addition to knowing what looks good, they are aware of which materials best resist insects and harsh weather, how to make the most of the views and cooling breezes, and even how to design-out dampness in the humid months. Even the green-oriented will find items to suit: solar water heaters, water-saving options, and heat-deflecting glass are readily available. Combine all these with expert project supervision, and clients can move into their new homes knowing that every requirement has been attended to. Oozing style and sophistication, the exciting Jenny Blanc Interiors showroom is an oasis of calm elegance for home owners looking for beautiful furniture and accessories.

Heading up the exceptional interior design team are co-founders, Aubrey Carew and Charlie Brooks, who started the company seventeen years ago. James and St. Charles and also throughout the Caribbean and Central America. It is therefore not surprising that their work has graced the covers of such high profile trade publications as Architectural Digest!

Phone Web www. James Tel: Fax: de s ig ne rs c hoic e c a ribsurf. Her inspirational showroom in Barbados is run in parallel with the London showroom and launched to rave reviews a year ago. The showroom is a veritable treasure house of furniture, accessories and artwork sourced worldwide by Jenny with pieces specifically made for Caribbean living. There are unique pieces created by the design team and crafted by the best island artisans.

Their Island Living Essentials is a range of beautiful basics for setting up a home in the Caribbean whilst the Island Living Luxuries range tempts clients to buy those indulgent highlight pieces to complete a tropical paradise. Jenny Blanc and her team are motivated by a love for gorgeous interiors and ensure that their customers are offered the very best with a second-to-none service. James When Mon - Sat 9am - 6pm. The best quality produce is grown right here on the island. Most of the pork and chicken is produced locally and it has great flavour.

Of course, the local fish is first class: red snapper, tuna, flying fish and dolphin not the porpoise variety as some people wrongly assume, but a scaly palegic fish known as mahi mahi or dorado are favourites. Buy them fresh from the fish market, marinate in a brine with some lime juice, rinse, season lightly with bottled Bajan seasoning, dip in egg followed by soft local breadcrumbs and pan fry in shallow oil. Fried fish and a fresh salad is a quick holiday meal that can be made quickly.

Bajan seasoning and fine local breadcrumbs are sold in all supermarkets. With tuna, omit the egg wash and breadcrumbs and instead marinate in olive oil and Bajan seasoning and sear in a very hot pan for just a minute or two on each side so that the centre is still bright pink. Black belly lamb is a very lean and healthy meat but it usually needs to be simmered for a long time to become tender.

Locally grown vegetables include: lettuce, tomato, carrot, cucumber, avocado, cabbage, green beans, aubergine, cauliflower, pigeon peas, okra, christophene, pumpkin, butternut squash, beet, sweet pepper, courgette, and a superb selection of herbs. More unfamiliar are the locally grown root crops: sweet potatoes, cassava, eddoe and yam.

They can be cooked similarily to an English potato. If they break apart, you can always mash them with some butter. Oil your hands or wear gloves to peel yam as it can cause itching. Breadfruit is another starch that is easy to cook. Peeled, sliced, cored and boiled like a potato - it is lovely served with a Bajan butter sauce. The locally grown citrus is excellent: orange, tangerine, grapefruit, shaddock and of course, lime. Citrus comes into season around October until April or May. Other local fruit include mango, paw paw, banana, melon, golden apple, guava, sugar apple, soursop, ackee, dunk and Barbados cherry.

Delicious pineapples are imported from Guyana and Trinidad. The imported temperate fruit is widely available, but is expensive and can be disappointing. Super Centre work closely with the Barbadian farming community and have a good selection of locally grown produce.

The competition between the hucksters in the public markets ensure that their quality is very high. The two farmers markets — Brighton and Holders Organic also offer top quality local produce. If you do crave your gourmet delights from home you can usually find whatever you need from the Gourmet Shop in the Chattel Village in Holetown on the west coast and Relish Epicurea in the Limegrove Lifestyle Centre. See pages Cheapside Market, located in Bridgetown—a UNESCO World Heritage Site—is a charming, traditional city market offering the best quality and selection of fresh local fruit, pulses, vegetables, freshly ground spices, bread, salted cod and meat, as well as herb and vegetable seedlings, condiments, coconut water and much more.

Open Monday to Saturday 6am-6pm. The best time to go is on Saturday morning. Relaxing, socializing and shopping at this pretty St. George valley plantation is a Saturday morning ritual for many. Freshly brewed coffee, baked bread, eggs, fruit and vegetables, local juices, homemade goodies and hot food that sells at a fast pace.

Saturdays am. Flying fish are expertly boned and sold in packages of ten. Larger fish is sold by the pound and you can pay a small fee to have it cleaned and filleted. Oistins and Half Moon Fort are famous for their fish frys - a misnomer, as most of the fish is grilled! Holders Farmers Market Famous for the Holders Opera Season and polo, Jack Kidd is now making the grounds of Holders House available to stall holders selling a variety of fresh local produce with a strong focus on organic.

Fresh local fruit, vegetables and herbs, take away food, plants, cut flowers, fresh cows milk, cheeses, sausages, fresh local fish, as well as stalls selling Barbadian arts, crafts, preserves and confections. There is also a holistic healing centre, juice bar, smoothie bar, coffee and a health bar.

Sundays 9am-Noon. A single coconut has as much protein as a quarter pound steak. Coconut oil, derived from aged coconut that has become copra, is thought to have healing properties particularly for the skin. The water, a clear liquid that pools inside green coconuts is high in electrolyte potassium and is so pure it was used as plasma in WWII. Coconut is considered to assist in immunity with antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial and antiparatic qualities. It is low on the glycemic index and raises good cholesterol. Coconut water is sold island wide along the highways and on beaches, as well as the chiller counters at the supermarkets.

It should be consumed soon after purchase or frozen, as it does not keep very well. For those who enjoy a tipple, it is very nice with a little rum. Healthy imbibing! Photos: Andrew Hulsmeier. Shelves are stocked with a staggering array of oils, vinegars, sushi ingredients, jams, honey, fine chocolates, olives, truffles, even edible gold and homemade Bajan treats.

You are invited to stop by Monday thru Saturday am to pm. Renowned for their vast selection of both local and international brands, Super Centre also offers a variety of shopping services to make life that much easier. A gourmet grocery providing fresh and imported produce of the best quality. They will stock your villa with all the delicious treats that make your holiday so enjoyable — from fresh fruit and seafood to fine wines and cheeses. Open Mon - Sat 9am-7pm, Sun 9am-5pm. An impressive variety of savoury and sweet items are available to order, making home and corporate entertaining a breeze!

Phone Facebook www. Pottery, batik, basket making, jewellery and wood carving are among the prominent local skills. So on your travels around the island be sure to visit some of our art galleries and talented local artists and crafts people. Located in Pelican Craft Centre, the Gallery features original paintings in a variety of media and also offers for sale a wide range of prints.

The gallery opens Monday to Friday from am until 5pm and on Saturdays from am until pm. Open until 6pm Monday to Saturday. The Garrison Historic Area, St. James Tel: or Artist Catherine Forter-Chee-a-Tow welcomes art lovers to her authentic, cosy studio, nestled in the historic Garrison area which is now a World Heritage Site. Visitors will enjoy the vibrancy of tropical living through the palette of renowned Caribbean artists.

Viewing by appointment. Owner and curator Vanita Comissiong, a well known artist herself, also runs the gallery at the superb Champers Restaurant on the south coast. The Very Vanita line features her artwork on home accents and accessories, such as cushion covers, throws and handbags.

Phone Champers Phone Earthworks or Web www. West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. James is a dynamic space that exhibits art in the form of multi-media, sculpture, painting, drawing, photography and art installation. The gallery acquires artists from all corners and corridors in the field of art with a primary focus on Contemporary Art; from the up and coming, to the well established, artist's are sought out from both the local and international markets. Their collection boasts a diverse selection of genres and styles that are sure to please the modest art lover or avid art collector.

To see a full list of featured artists visit their website: www. If you would like more information on upcoming exhibitions or wish to attend the opening receptions, please call them at or email gallerynuedge galerienuedge. A selection of prints and greeting cards are also available as well as ready-made frames to go with your artwork.

Shipping can also be arranged. Halcyon Heights, St. Much of her recent work is on display, as well as prints of selected paintings, in over square feet of exhibition space overlooking the ocean in St. You can also see works in progress and chat with Janice about her art. Viewing is by appointment only. George Phone: or Run by Barbadian artist Annalee Davis, the Manipura studio is located under a grove of mahogany trees on a dairy farm in the St. George countryside. James Phone: This gallery offers strong Caribbean flavours with a lush display of Caribbean talent!

Located within The Tides Restaurant, open pm Monday to Friday, and pm daily, and by appointment. Original fine art and photography, limited edition lithographs, prints and cards. The Bridgetown Gallery 2nd. Every 30 days a different curator presents a new show here. Owner Martha Berry carries a wonderful selection of constantly changing work by both established and emerging resident artists.

Open Mon to Sat noon to pm. Thomas Tel: e-mail: henderson batikbarbados. He also offers classes. All of their products are individually hand-crafted with the emphasis on detail and authenticity. Visit their workshop in Connell Town, St. Lucy where you can see the artisans at work. Lead free glazes. Visa and MasterCard accepted. The Gallery of Caribbean Art is the largest and best appointed fine art gallery in the Caribbean. It is located in the scenic northern town of Speightstown and encompasses a large selection of Barbadian and Caribbean art with impressive exhibition space and continuously changing art pieces.

The Gallery hosts monthly exhibitions by individuals or groups of artists. These shows attract visitors from every section of the local community as well as providing a haven for collectors and art enthusiasts from beyond our shores. A wide selection of media from metal, clay and wooden sculptures to batiks and silk painting, make the gallery a must see for all art lovers. The Gallery is open weekdays from am — pm and Saturdays from am — pm.

The staff are friendly and knowledgeable and make a visit to the Gallery a memorable experience. Shipping to anywhere in the world is easily arranged and all major credit cards are accepted. Their dazzling new Luxury Collection is available online. Crystal Forms immortalizes unique ideas in tangible, functional and exceptional crystal expression.

Winston has now turned his gaze towards the Atlantic Ocean - Bathsheba in particular. This series of expressive drawings, watercolours and oil paintings explores this iconic image of Barbados, capturing the fascinating and timeless beauty of this location with his trademark intensity and involvement.

Phone Email dekellmanart hotmail. Joseph By Appointment. It is in this simplicity that the beauty of what I see is reflected. Alpheus Blake is an exceptionally skilled coral stone craftsman offering customized, hand-made coral stone works of art. She uses vivid colour, bold strokes and texture to depict movement and mood. She paints in acrylics capturing the vitality of life on the island.

For original work please visit our local galleries or contact Gina personally. Phone or Email blakecoralstonedesigns ymail. John Stuart was born in London in , however it was here in Barbados, in his mid-sixties that he started to paint seriously. Through his exposure to such Barbadian artists as Fielding Babb and Wayne Branch, whose work he greatly admired, John developed a style which was uniquely his own, using a palette knife and oils to render, with tiny strokes, bright and cheerful rural scenes in a lyrical almost fairy-like style.

John's art can be found in many galleries throughout the Island. You may view more of his work at www. Linda Roach has been doing decorative painting since , offering services in Mural Painting, Faux Finishes on walls, furniture and accessories such as lamp bases, lamp shades, mirror frames, pots, ceiling fans, iron and wooden railings, etc. She also paints on fabric and canvas. Linda is always ready to take on new challenges and is open to different ideas and styles.

Phone or Web www. The one on the right is drinking from a long glass offered to her by a serving-woman in a blue smock Fanny Cornforth. Espalier trees against a red-brick wall provide the background. Head nearly in profile to right against a shaded background. Figure: Pen and brown ink. In the upper left corner the sun head of Christ ; lower right corner a crescent moon head of Beatrice. The background is divided diagonally between the sun's rays and the stars. Left upper panel: inscribed above Beatrice's head: "Domicella Beatrix de Portinaris.

She is attended by two women at left. Dante, ascending the stairs, turns profile facing left to look at her. He holds the railing in his left hand and a book in his right. A town can be seen upper background. In the right lower panel, Dante and Beatrice, both garlanded with leaves, stand facing each other in a flower garden.

Two women at right playing stringed instruments look on. Figure: Pencil, pen, and Indian ink. Study of Dante for the left panel; back turned mounting steps, head in profile to left, his gaze directed at Beatrice who stands whole-length, lightly sketched. In the foreground a woman with the face of Red Lion Mary moves to the left. He has fallen asleep before the shrine full of angels, and between him and it rises in his dream the image of Queen Guenevere, the cause of all.

She stands gazing at him with her arms extended in the branches of an apple-tree. As a companion to this I shall paint a design which I have made for the purpose of the attainment of the San Grail by Launcelot's son Galahad, together with Bors and Percival. Several spaces still remain to be filled, and will be so gradually as time allows.

Something more, if not all, will be done this long vacation. There is no work like it for delightfulness in the doing, and none I believe in which one might hope to delight others more according to his powers. Copy by H.


Treffry Dunn, DGR's assistant. Launcelot sleeps lower right, his hands on his sword, which rests between his legs. A haloed angel holds the grael at upper left, and four white-robed girls in candles stand lower left. Gillum has another rough sketch, bought at Rossetti's sale in Monogram and date upper right corner: "Oxford Figure: Pen and ink, with traces of water color. Study for Guenevere standing whole-length, arms outstretched along the fork of an apple-tree, holding an apple in her left hand; the upper part of her body inclined backwards to left, the head turned three-quarters to right, eyes looking down.

Monogram and date lower right: "Oxford At center Guenevere stands facing right, her hands clasped to her throat. Three distressed ladies-in-waiting sit at right. A bush grows beside Launcelot. Monogram and date upper right: " Text in lower right corner: monogram and Oct Head and shoulders of DGR, facing front, with moustache and bushy goatee. In the Transcribed Footnote page 96 : 1 Mr.

Murray has an early pen-and-ink sketch of the principal group in which all the figures are reversed. The Magdalen, restrained from behind by an old woman, is advancing towards the spectator's left, and Christ with Simon is at the left of the picture, inside a long portico or colonnade, to a pillar of which Mary is clinging. Her lover and a girl are barring the way. Sharp as having been at one time in the possession of C.

Howell, of whom more anon. Hamlet, at left, clasps Ophelia's right hand to his face. Ophelia stands right, face turned right away from Hamlet, left hand resting on an open book on a table. Figure: Pencil sketch. At left St. John, seated in profile to the right, works with a spinning wheel. Mary, standing at right facing profile left, mends a window frame which resembles the Cross. John in the picture is probably engaged on his gospel, the net which occupies him by day being hung up on the wall behind.

There are a good many figures and half figures, large and small, in it; and I hope that in colour it is one of the best things I have done. These chivalric Froissartian themes are quite a passion of mine, but whether of yours also I do not know. Figure: Water colour. A woman standing on a dais is in the act of fastening a coloured pennant to a halberd held by a young knight; further pennants are attached to an upright embroidery frame.

Warriors in armour gather up their spears on the left; in the background women are working at looms and carding wool. Full-length of a standing woman facing front, holding a black barrel with both hands. In the distance stands the green mountain;behind her is the lilac singing tree with the scarlet talking bird fluttering in the branches heavy with mauve blossom. A girl, whole-length, kneeling to the left is in the act of tying a sleeve round a helmet. Murray owns a water-colour replica in an unfinished state. The Giotto in this is quite different, and appears to have been done from Mr.

Val Prinsep. Monogram lower left. Full length of a woman kneeling, leaning to the left, winding a sleeve around a helmet. At center, a fainting woman is supported by a kneeling man at left and two women standing at right. At left, a chair sits beside the portrait of the fainting woman. At a tavern, Johnson and Boswell sit at a table between two ladies with bonnets. Johnson takes tea with the woman on the left, gesturing with his right hand, while at right Boswell drinks from a spoon and the second lady leans towards Johnson.

A man lights the lantern directly above the table. Full length of a woman wearing a dress with sleeves, facing front, washing her hands her hands in a basin at right. At left, a mirror reflects the image of two men, and a flask containing a liquid sits on a counter. A large potted plant sits beside the basin. A scroll with text appears along the bottom edge of the painting.

The text is unclear, and Surtees does not record it. This first design no longer exists because DGR painted S over it either when it was in his posession during or immediately after Rae purchased it in June Full length of a woman wearing a sleeveless dress, facing front, washing her hands her hands in a basin at right.

Her head leans slightly to the left, where a mirror reflects the image of two men, and a flask containing a liquid sits on a counter. A crowned angel stands at left playing a stringed instrument, her left wing extended behind two lovers kissing. The lovers are a woman bending over a kneeling man. Flowers grow at right and petals are strewn on the ground.

A scroll at top reads: "Madonna, Dio vi fece, Dio vi guardi, Madonna Dio v'onori"; a scroll at the bottom reads: "Dio v'innalzi, Madonna, Dio vi dia le voglie vostre. Figure: Etching. Two lovers kissing in a flower garden, a woman who bends over a kneeling man. The background of the upper half of the picture is a design of alternating hearts and cross-hatched circles. Gabriel Rossetti. Cassandra has warned him in vain by her prophecies, and is now throwing herself against a pillar, and rending her clothes in despair, because he will not be detained longer.

He is rushing down the steps and trying to make himself heard across her noise, as he shouts an order to the officer in charge of the soldiers who are going round the ramparts on their way to battle. One of Transcribed Footnote page : 1 There should be somewhere in existence a water-colour portrait of Rossetti's wife , with a gold background, I know not of what date, which used to belong to C.

Howell, and was disposed of by him about , together with other genuine drawings which have not since turned up. Title inscribed lower center. Head and shoulders of a woman, head turned slightly to left, right hand clutching a flower. She wears a necklace witha heart-shaped pendant. Andromeda, leaning against Perseus, looks down into a pool at the reflection of the head of Medusa, which Perseus holds over the water with his right hand. Both her arms clutch his left arm. Let not thine eyes know Any forbidden thing itself, although It once should save as well as kill: but be Its shadow upon life enough for thee.

The incident is just before Hector's last battle. One of his captains is beckoning to him to make haste. Behind him is Andromache with their child, and a nurse who is holding the cradle. Helen is arming Paris in a leisurely way on a sofa; we may presume from her expression that Cassandra has not spared her in her denunciations. Paris is patting her on the back to soothe her, much amused. Priam and Hecuba are behind, the latter stopping her ears in horror. One brother is imploring Cassandra to desist from her fear-inspiring cries. The ramparts are lined with engines for casting stones on the besiegers.

Monogram lower left corner. An angel at top leans over a fence to speak to Mary, who sits bottom looking up at him. The angel clutches a flower from the garden beside the fence with his right hand, gesturing with his left. A haloed dove sits beside Mary, whose arms are extended towards the ground. Figure: Two stained glass windows. The first depicts Eve standing in profile to the right, the second Adam standing facing front, head looking down.

Both figures are partly covered with leaves. Figure: Indian ink. A boy kneels over a basket of skulls, gesturing towards it with his left hand. He faces right, where a seated king, queen, and prince stare at the skulls. An old man stands directly behind the skulls, holding a picture of a dragon. At far left a crowd tries to peer over the boy's shoulders. Figure: Water colour over Indian ink. A group of seated female figures with dismayed expressions, each clutching a piece of paper. At far right, a woman holds the piece of paper before her eyes with her right hand and clutches her head with the left.

Depicts a crowned woman, who leans against her hands, in a horse-drawn carriage. Two knights march with spears beside the carriage, one of whom speaks speaks to a third knight on horseback, who draws the carriage. A crowd can be glimpsed in the background. At center, St. George, wearing armor, stabs the neck of the dragon, at right, with his right hand and holds his shield in front of the dragon's mouth with his left.

At left stands the princess, slumped over, tied to a tree. Inside a horse-drawn carriage, the princess folds her hands in prayer. Beside the carriage rides St. George, whose hands are also folded. A bearded man walks beside the carriage carrying the dragon's head atop a staff. Two girls scatter flowers in the foreground, and a crowd of faces stares in the background.

George and the princess stand hand in hand leaning over a railing, flanked by the king on the left and queen on the right. In the foreground, two buglers blow their horns, and the head of the dragon and a sword lie in a basin on a table. Yseult, at left, clinks glasses with Tristram at right, who kisses her other hand. The two stand in a ship's cabin beside a table with a burning lamp. In background at right, the figure of Love takes an arrow from his quiver.

King Rene here uncrowned leans forward across a low chamber-organ on which Queen Isabella is playing, and kisses her. Frederick Shields to Rossetti referring to the water-colour in Mr. Figure: Pen and ink and Indian ink, and sepia wash. The Virgin kneels at the foot of the Cross and is comforted by St. John; two women are approaching while a third is seen in the distance, driving off a flock of ravens. Inscription at bottom reads: "Buy from us with a golden curl.

At right several rodent-faced creatures hold out bowls of fruits to her. At top left, a woman with short dark hair holding a pitcher ascends a hill, looking back at the scene. Figure: Etching of the exterior of the house facing the walk. A figure stands beside the closed iron gates. Figure: A photograph of the garden of Rossetti's house showing a marble statue from behind at right and the house in the distance.

Joan, kissing the sword of deliverance, kneels before a crucifix; on the altar lies a white lily. Study taken from Elizabeth Siddal; seated, turned to the right; the eyes are looking up and the hands lie palm upwards in her lap. The picture is not intended at all to represent death, but to render it under the semblance of a trance, in which Beatrice, seated at a balcony overlooking the city, is suddenly rapt from earth to heaven.

Russell Rea. Study for the predella. Dante, turned in profile to right, is kneeling on the ground, head down turned, and arms outstretched in welcome. Beatrice bends towards him lifting the veil from her face. In the right background young women sing and bear instruments of music. Head and shoulders of a woman with long wavy hair, her hands clasping a pendant around her neck. Woman in a long flowing gown, sitting in a chair facing left, combing her hair with her right hand and looking into a mirror with her left.

Behind her at top right is a bouquet of flowers, and at top left is a candelabra on a stand beside a window. This is a reproduction from a photograph of the painting as it appeared prior to its retouching in Fanny Cornforth is the model. Head and shoulders of a woman combing her hair with her right hand and looking into a mirror with her left. Behind her at top right is a bouquet of flowers.

This is a reproduction of the painting as it appeared after its retouching in , when the face of Alexa Wilding was painted over that of Fanny Cornforth's. Monogram and date lower left corner: "April She is flanked by Laertes at left, who clutches her right hand, and the king and queen at right; all stare at her. Other colours comparatively only lovable according to the relations in which they are placed.

Man and woman in eighteenth-century costume. The woman is turned to the left and is in the act of washing her hands while the man stands close beside her, talking urgently. Upper torso of a young woman, head turned halfway to left, holding a twig in her right hand, which rests upon her left.

Her hair is drawn back and bound in the back. Monogram and date in upper left corner: " The lady has gone behind the screen in the dining-room perhaps to wash her hands; and the gentleman, her lover, has followed her there, and has still something to say, but she has made up her mind. We may suppose that others are present, and that this is his only chance of speaking. I mean it to represent that state of a courtship when both of the parties have come to see in reality that it will never do, but when the lady, I think, is generally the first to have the strength to act on such knowledge.

It is all over, in my picture, and she is washing her hands of it. Figure: Brush and Indian ink. Title inscribed in ink, lower left corner. Two men in a wood at twilight fighting for a woman who is cowering at the foot of a tree. The man on the left in doublet and hose has his opponent by the throat; the other holds a sword above his head, ready to strike. Since the passage was printed I have ascertained that it was a replica of the head of Sibylla Palmifera.

Figure: Oil, oval-shaped. Upper torso of a garlanded woman almost in profile to the left. She holds a pair of castanets in each hand, and her arms are crossed in front of her. Deerhound with his head up, howling at the spell. Women trying to stop him, or perhaps old woman frowning and railing at him from corner. Michael lying along the front of the picture at the girl's feet. Death's-head moth fluttering round the burning lock of hair.

Perhaps two openings above the side seats, with a number of girls watching—Michael Scott's harem. Raven picking up scraps in old woman's lap, while she cuts a silver cross from the girl's girdle. Michael Scott kneels in the foreground and slips a ring on to the girl's finger; further to the right stands a hooded female figure cutting a crucifix from her girdle. Love stands in the centre, in the fork of a tree, head upturned, surrounded by foliage; his wings are closed, the tips crossed in front of his body. On the extreme left two shrouded figures are introduced, one with back turned.

On either side above, are groups of young women looking down on the scene below. Inscription lower right: "DGR to A. A child sits on the floor to the right of the chair; another figure in the background with head bowed. Figure: Crayon. Upper torso of a seated woman turned left, head leaning back to right, playing a stringed instrument.

Full length of a woman turned profile right, wearing a floral-patterned dress, and plucking a rose from a rose tree in a vase at right. The Loving Cup oil was perhaps the last picture that he actually painted on panel. Water-colours and drawings were often put down also on to panelled stretchers, and this has in some cases led to a wrong description, as in the above instance. At right, Tibullus enters the room. Delia is leaning over to the left with hair outspread, holding a lock of hair between her lips; in her right hand she holds a shuttle. The serving woman holds back a curtain to enable Tibullus to enter.

A large basket filled with balls of coloured wool has been introduced; also a cat sleeping on a red stool. An elderly woman sits on the floor playing upon two musical instruments. Morris, as most people would probably imagine. The date should show this, but it might perhaps be overlooked, in which case the sonnet would appear to confirm, instead of disprove, the popular delusion as to Rossetti's devotion to one type of beauty. Caswall Smith. It was originally bought by the late Earl of Lytton, and is now the property of his daughter, Lady Betty Balfour.

Monogram and date inscribed on a scroll upper left: " Branches fill the upper background. Upper torso of a dark-haired woman turned almost profile left, in a leafy bower, fingering her necklace with her right hand, leaning against a railing. Lower right corner, monogram and date: " The hair is worn in a braided coil with a tendril escaping at the nape of the neck. During that time he had painted a view of the old house with its many gables and the river front as a background to the picture Water-willow. Nearly full-length of a woman turned partly to left, cheek resting on right hand, sitting before a tapestry loom, holding a shuttle in her left hand.

Head and shoulders turned slightly to the left; heavy drooping moustache. Figure: Chalk. Title lower center. Monogram and date lower right: " Graham's crayon was the original study for the picture or a replica of it made in the same year. Sandys has a story about it, which points to the latter being the case; but as Rossetti himself circulated photographs of this version, it must at least have satisfied him and been his work.

A second drawing of the same date certainly does exist, and was exhibited at the Burlington Fine Arts Club in in the name of Mr. Eustace Smith, M. This is described in the catalogue as the original. Title inscribed in top right corner, "DGR " inscribed lower right. Seated woman in a long flowing robe. The head is taken from Mrs. Morris; from her right hand issues a winged figure in a flame of fire; on her left wrist is a circular mark.

Figure: Black and red chalk. The figure of Jane Morris holds in one hand a branch of peach. With the other hand she draws together the veil enclosing the shrine in which she sits. Monogram and date left center: " Morris turned to right, holding up a spray of rose-leaf with her right hand and fingering it with her left.

Drumbeats : Romance Novels set in East Africa

Watts-Dunton did not begin until two years later than the execution of the drawing. Graham was very anxious to have a replica of the portrait of Mrs. Morris, which Rossetti declined to paint. This picture was done for him as a compromise. Mariana Swan Electric Engraving Co. Inscription at right: "27 July Her shoulders and right hand are supported by a bolster; her left arm is drawn up under her, only the hand is visible. Figure: Pastel on greenish paper. Monogram and date lower left corner: " Study for Beatrice.

Dante Gabriel Rossetti, An Illustrated Memorial of His Art and Life

Half-length to left; her eyes are closed; hands folded on her breast; the heavy dark hair falls about her shoulders. Figure: Black chalk and violet wash. Helen kneels at the altar of Venus offering her a double cup moulded upon her own breasts. Venus and Cupid watch from behind a curtain on the right. Title inscribed lower left. At center, Lady Macbeth sits up in bed, leaning forward, rubbing her hands together. A bearded physician to her left holds his hand to her forehead. To his left, a woman stares at a kneeling priest folding his hands in prayer, looking up; beside him is a young man staring at Lady Macbeth.

At right an older woman watches Lady Macbeth and a younger woman, seated with a fan in her hand, sleeps. With both hands she holds the fateful casket encrusted with precious stones and inscribed: Nescitur Ignescitur; from out of it issues an orange smoke curling upwards round her head taking the shape of spirit forms. Figure: Colored crayons. Later version of the painting. The features of Mrs. Morris are exaggerated and almost grotesque. Three-quarter-length, standing slightly to right, wearing grey-white draperies which leave the massive shoulders and arm partly uncovered.

In both hands she holds the casket bearing the legend Ultima Manet Spes, decorated with a splay of flowers and a winged head turned in profile; from its nearly closed lid issues a cloud of pink smoke which wreathes itself around Pandora's heavy dark hair, forming a halo of winged heads. Head and shoulders of Mrs. Morris holding branches of willow in both hands. Behind her is the winding Thames, with Kelmscott Manor on the left bank; on the right is a small country church partly obscured by a tree and a punt moored by the river-bank.

She that was thine excellent lady has been taken out of life. Figure: Black crayon on grey-green paper. Dante asleep in bed facing right, attended by one woman at left, and four at right. In a cloud in the centre background is seen a shadowy impression of the five-figured composition of Dante's Dream. Figure: Crayon on grey-green paper. At center, Dante sits up in bed facing right.

At left, a woman leans over him touching his right shoulder, while at right three other women listen at the foot of his bed. A fifth woman sits hunched over at far right. A man and woman standing three-quarter-length; he kisses her on the forehead while holding a dagger in his right hand which she is showing him how to use.

Lower right, a study for the two hands holding the knife. Two seated women play stringed instruments in the foreground, while two women dance on a terrace in center background. A landscape with a lone walking figure forms the upper background. Rossetti and Mr. Three were rejected after being brought well forward; the fourth is now with Parsons, and will shortly come back on my hands; the fifth has twice had the glass smashed and renewed; the sixth has had the frame smashed twice and the glass once. It was nearly spoilt in transferring to a fresh strainer, and is now referring to its arrival in Liverpool almost destroyed.

Proserpine Swan Electric Engraving Co. Full length of a seated woman, head tilted right, playing two harps, one in her right arm and one on her left knee. Figure: Oil monochrome. Inscribed upper left: "Guido vorrei che tu e Lapo ed io. Degli Uberti is seated at the oars, while at the prow Love stands ready to guide the boat. Numerous figures stand on the dock in upper background. Figure: Colored chalks. Head and shoulders, both nearly in profile to left; Christina is on the far side of her mother. Note: Text is printed in gold lettering with an inverted triangle of decorative foliage below it.

Note: blank page. Figure: Sepia tone half-length portrait of a mature Dante Gabriel Rossetti with his head turned slightly towards his right. Marillier reproduces a facsimile of DGR's autograph below this picture. Note: onion-skin page. Note: Rossetti's name is printed in red ink. A life of Rossetti, in the full sense of the word, could only be written by one who was intimately and sympathetically associated with his work during the major portion of his career; and of the very few who could have undertaken the task some are no longer alive, whilst others have either abandoned or postponed it until too late.

For this reason we can hardly expect now to have a life of this great and most original genius, written by anyone with enough knowledge to interpret his many-coloured personality, yet sufficiently disinterested to form a critical estimate of his true position and influence. Biographical works and data there are in profusion.

The admirably conscientious labours of Mr. William Michael Rossetti have resulted in placing before the public copious records of the painter's external life, and of his private life as well so far as it is revealed in letters to the members of his family. What these do not give us is the man in relation to his work, and what they do give us is not always strictly important. Nevertheless they constitute the most valuable body of materials yet published, and no biographer could affect to disregard them.

They have been supplemented recently by the publication of Ruskin's letters to Rossetti and Rossetti's letters to William Allingham, both immensely interesting to students of the subject, but not by any means exhaustive of the periods they cover. The only other sources of information that seem to me worth mentioning are Mr.

William Sharp's memoir, which would have been better had it been less hastily compiled; Mr. Of the materials which I have mentioned it would be ungrateful to complain, seeing that as occasion demanded I have used or borrowed from most of them. I must, however, say that careful research has not always tended to confirm the information they afforded, and I may claim, I think, for this memoir that it will be found correct on many points where errors previously existed. Three of the above-named authorities, Mr.

Sharp, Mr. Knight, and Mr. Rossetti, have published catalogues or lists of Rossetti's pictures, giving dates and a few other scanty particulars. Rossetti's list is certainly by far the best of these, though not itself complete, the two earlier ones being almost useless now for purposes of reference. I say this with no intention of disparagement, for Mr. Sharp's list was a wonderful one to have compiled in the time allowed him; and he had no previous data to work on, whereas I have had three lists to collate and check, and possibly better opportunities of acquiring information.

In addition I have received much help with some of the more tangled problems both from Mr. Rossetti and from Mr. Fairfax Murray, the latter of whom is recognized as an expert in all matters connected with Rossetti's work. To Mr. Murray moreover I am indebted for kindly checking the list of works and dates which appears as an appendix to this volume, as well as for revising some of the proofs. What use I have made of the assistance so generously given is my own affair, and for this I alone am answerable.

In acknowledging the benefit I do not wish to alienate the responsibility. What I have aimed at chiefly is to interweave a simple account of the painter's life with a detailed chronological record of his artistic work. In this way, by following certain broad divisions, a fairly continuous narrative is made possible without jumbling up page: vii. Whilst trying to compile a record of Rossetti's work which should be comprehensive, accurate, and useful as a work of reference, I have not forgotten that essentially it was a picture book that was wanted. In respect of the illustrations, moreover, I can speak with greater freedom; and first, it is pleasant to acknowlege that almost without exception the owners of Rossetti's pictures have courteously allowed them to be reproduced, and have given special facilities for photographing them.

In some cases this was no ordinary politeness, but a very generous concession, involving a violation of fixed principles. Rae, it is well known, has for many years disapproved most strongly of indiscriminate reproduction, and has refused all applications to let his pictures be photographed for such a purpose, the only exceptions being when he allowed Mr. Beresford Heaton, whose objections were almost page: viii. With a few rare exceptions, owing to owners' refusals, or in the case of The Blue Bower and The Blessed Damozel from the pictures being held in trust, there is scarcely a work of individual importance by Rossetti which will not be found illustrated in this book or in some way represented.

In general, moreover, where a choice existed, it is the best version of each particular subject from which the reproduction has been made, though there are cases where this was not possible, owing to the pictures having gone abroad or become untraceable. It would hardly be believed how difficult Rossetti's pictures are to find since their dispersal after the great Graham, Leyland, Turner, Ruston, and Leathart sales. Even with the kind help of Mr. Croal Thomson and Messrs. Agnew there are many that I have not located, though I have been fortunate in borrowing private photographs of some of these and published prints of others.

No doubt the constantly increasing value of Rossetti's works is partly responsible for their restlessness, but there is something almost melancholy in the way that they seem perpetually to change hands. The Rae and Heaton collections are almost the only ones of importance that have remained intact.

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Ruskin, who at one time had quite a number of good water-colours, has parted with all but the unfinished Passover , and no one seems to know where some of them have gone. The Boyce collection has shared the same fate, though in this case the bulk of it has passed into the hands of Mr. Murray, who amid the maelstrom of flux and change has constituted himself a sort of natural vortex or harbour of refuge. This is one of the circumstances which has made the illustration of a book on Rossetti not altogether easy, and which may have prevented its being undertaken before.

Even now I am conscious of many omissions and failures, which mar the completeness of the work. But it is no part of an author's duty to specify these for his readers, most of whom will be ready enough to find them, and perfectly candid in pointing them out. Albeit English in its main external features, the environment of the Rossetti family in London remained essentially Italian during the lifetime of Gabriele Rossetti.

Their house was the resort of all classes of Italians passing through or resident in town. Musicians and literary men met there with revolutionaries fresh from the wasting struggle for Italian liberty. Gabriele Rossetti was a commentator on Dante, and himself a writer of verse, mainly in a politico-satirical vein.

He had a gift for declamation and improvization, which is not so uncommon in men of his nationality as of ours; but the exposition of Dante was his chief occupation, as well as the one by which he is now best known. It was not until he had begun himself in early life to read upon his own lines, that the pictorial richness and splendour of the Florentine dawned on him and seized him with its spell.

There is a sketch by Rossetti of his father, engaged upon his labours of interpretation, and surrounded, as Mr. Before passing to the early life of Gabriel Rossetti, a pair of independent descriptions of the household and surroundings of No. He had a black cap on his head furnished with a great peak or shade for the eyes, so that I only saw his face partially. A more interesting picture is one by Mr. Reared in this studious atmosphere, it is not to be wondered at that the young Rossettis early took to literature. Before they were six years old they had made acquaintance with Shakespeare and Scott, in addition to the usual works of childhood, and were steeped in romance of a more lofty kind than is common at such an age.

They are also marked by an early sense of humour. How many children of fourteen are there who possess the power of expression, to say nothing of the critical observation, shown by this juvenile specimen of Gabriel's domestic correspondence. In , after a short preliminary training at a private school, Dante Gabriel and his brother were admitted to King's College, where their father was Italian professor.

Here the former remained for four or five years, acquiring a fair knowledge of Latin and French, with a smattering of Greek. German he learnt just well enough to enter upon a study of the wonderful literature of that language, and Italian, of course, came naturally to him. The drawing-master at King's College was the celebrated Cotman, of Norwich, from whom, however, he derived little or no instruction. Cary, son of the translator of Dante. As a schoolboy, Dante Gabriel is described by those who knew him as a boy of gentle and affectionate nature, but singularly masterful as well.

He himself confessed to recollections of a want of hardihood and a dislike for active games and exercise. The Transcribed Footnote page 6 : 1 Several of these relics of his childish days will be found reproduced in a supplementary chapter at the end of the book. Transcribed Footnote page 6 : 2 This is the date usually given.

To return to his artistic life, Gabriel Rossetti remained some four years at Cary's Academy, during which period he seems to have acquired the bare rudiments of his art and to have made a small reputation for eccentricity. In July, , having sent in the requisite probation-drawings, he was admitted to the Antique School of the Royal Academy.

His first appearance is thus graphically delineated by a fellow-student, whose observant eye has preserved for us a probably accurate conception of the fiery young enthusiast, impatient of ordinary considerations in the matter of attire, burning with zeal to paint his already vivid imaginings, yet scornful of the routine and drudgery by which it was supposed that masterhood must be acquired. The description, from which the following is an extract, has often been quoted before. The clustering masses of hair are shown in the pencil sketch now at the National Portrait Gallery, drawn by himself at the age of nineteen, and reproduced here.

The whole description is well page: 8. As a student in the dry atmosphere of the Academy Antique School Rossetti proved a failure, and never passed to the higher grades of the Life and Painting classes. Conventional methods of study were distasteful to him, and the traditions of the Academy were especially arid and cramping to the imagination.

It will be necessary later on to give some description of the state into which the art of painting had fallen in England before the fresh minds of the young and romantic school, breaking away under Rossetti's leadership, caused such a turmoil and revolution; but in the meantime, at the period we are dealing with, it is probably correct to say that Rossetti grew tired of, rather than disapproved of, the teaching in the school, that he was full of ideas craving utterance on canvas, and that he wanted to paint before he could properly draw. This impatience caused him to take a momentous and curious step, which certainly entailed harm to him as a technical executant, though it may indirectly have furthered his career as an artist.

He decided to throw up the Academy training, and wrote to a painter of whom not many people at that date had heard, but whose work he himself admired, asking to be admitted into his studio as a pupil. This was Ford Madox Brown, and for his own particular needs and line of thought Rossetti could have lighted upon no man more absolutely suitable. Madox Brown was only seven years Rossetti's senior, but he had studied abroad at Ghent, Antwerp, Paris, and Rome, and had exhibited during the early forties some fine cartoon designs for the decoration of the new House of Lords, which—especially the well-known one of Harold's body brought before William the Conqueror —Rossetti had marked out from the rest of the competitive drawings when they were shown to the public in Westminster Hall.

This, and other rather florid compliments of the same sort, may well have impressed Madox Brown, who was not accustomed to be complimented, with a shrewd idea that he was being made fun of; and the story has been told how, in a suspicious frame of mind, he armed himself with a stick and went forth to seek his unknown page: Before following his fortunes further in this direction we must go back over the ground just traversed and note what Rossetti's activities in literature had amounted to during the same period. These are no less than astonishing.

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Swinburne, most generous as well as most far-sighted of critics, has expended himself in admiration of these essays in an art in which he himself is so eminent; and they were mostly done by a boy not out of his teens, thrown off in the intervals of a more absorbing occupation, the study of painting.

Much as he owed to him in the way of instruction and sympathetic encouragement, Rossetti did not remain long in Brown's studio, at all events as a regular attendant, but left him after a few months to share a studio with Holman Hunt. The beginning of this intimacy was curious and typical. Hunt,came up boisterously and in loud tongue made me feel very page: According to the point of view selected one may see in it the conscious expression of a great artistic revival, deliberately planned by a body of zealots, and based upon a structure of lofty principles; or one may go to the opposite extreme and regard it merely as an exuberant freak, an irresponsible outburst on the part of a few impulsive youths linked together for one brief moment by a mutual combination of enthusiasm and high spirits.

For both of these points of view ample authority might be quoted, and the truth as usual lies somewhere safe between them. For the more emotional and serious aspect of the case we have to thank Mr. Ruskin, who, finding in the work of the men in question qualities and tentative aims such as he himself admired, forthwith, as his manner was, read into it all the high morality of purpose and principle that he conceived appropriate to ideal craftsmanship.

On the other hand, there have never lacked writers who from personal dislike, or, it may be, a touch of jealousy, have tried to depreciate both Rossetti's work and his wonderful influence over others. The facts of the case are, it happens, abundantly in evidence. From Mr. Holman Hunt, Mr. Stephens, Mr. Rossetti, and from others, who, if not so intimately connected with the movement as these, were at all events in a good position to know about it, we have received separate, and on the whole confirmatory accounts of its origin and aims. No personal feeling or bias any longer obtrudes itself into the matter; we can see the truth, if we will, in a clear perspective, and nothing remains to obscure our vision but the amount of distortion that it may have contracted from impressions formed on writers of the above-mentioned divergent opinions, or from strongly developed artistic sympathies and prejudices.

Looking upon the tree, some are apt to magnify the seed, forgetting what qualities of climate, soil, or accident may have assisted to promote its growth. Those who do so, however, must either not have passed through an impressionable youth themselves, or else have forgotten how naturally at such a budding age men form romantic coteries based upon common friendships, common ideals, and common habits of life. In such associations there is nearly always one dominant personality which gives the tone to the set. A craving for expression, and more particularly for expression in verse, is also a general characteristic.

The intellectual standing of the members of such a group is, no doubt, a measure of the value of such expression, but not of its earnestness or motive power, its romantic affinities, or its influence upon the men so brought together. That few or none of them rise to celebrity is not so wonderful as that one should have attained to such celebrity. We have noted the somewhat sudden alliance between Rossetti and Holman Hunt, and their plan of sharing a studio to carry out work in common. Keene, and some four or five besides. The scheme was for members to contribute drawings to a portfolio which was sent round for all the rest to criticise.

Like other institutions based upon mutual candour, this society enjoyed a very brief existence, and was mainly of service in weeding out those page: This canting and misdirected worship of Raphael by men who had discarded his spirit, and the realization that before Raphael there were painters of lofty aim, may well have determined the title under which the three enthusiasts conspired to band themselves in revolt. From most points of view it was unfortunate. It meant very little in actual fact, it was misleading so far as it did mean anything, and it was responsible for much of the acrimony and abuse which the devoted trio afterwards brought down upon their most meritorious efforts.

One curious feature page: [16a]. Signed and dated lower left corner: "Dante Gabriele Rossetti P. Anne, embroiders a white lily on a piece of red cloth. The lily she copies is placed a few feet away atop a pile of books, and is held by a child angel. A trellis runs behind this scene, and behind it St. Joachim reaches upward to prune a running vine. A Dove and the lake of Galilee are behind him. Figure: Pen and sepia with pencil, arched top. In the inauguration of the Brotherhood Rossetti took a specially active part, and the title itself was invented by him.

One would not be far wrong in saying that the whole idea was his, and that the two companions who share the honour of its conception were dragged, enthusiastically enough without doubt, not for the first or last time at the glowing wheels of his fervid chariot. Though younger than his companions in age, in painting he was already their superior, and his brilliant reputation as a student was invaluable in the hour of strife; but in imaginative and poetic qualities he was, compared with Rossetti, deficient, and such poetic page: The next step was to enroll sympathetic fellow-members.

Besides the three founders of the Brotherhood, four more or less active adherents were enlisted. Holman Hunt introduced Mr. Stephens, who at that time was a painter, but very soon abandoned art for criticism. Woolner, the afterwards well-known sculptor, whose contributions to the movement were mainly poetical, was introduced by Millais, or possibly Rossetti; and the latter certainly was responsible for the remaining two recruits, his brother and James Collinson.

Shortly afterwards, being seized page: For the doings of the Brotherhood, sane and otherwise; for their weekly meetings; their code of rules; the serious way in which they regarded their mission, and the jocular way in which they customarily discussed it: for these and many other interesting details of its career, including the gradual decline in enthusiasm for its maintenance as the individual qualities of the members began to develop upon divergent lines, the curious reader will do well to consult Mr. Rossetti, not being an artist, was himself elected secretary to the Brotherhood, and with businesslike care he has preserved in a diary all the daily and weekly occurrences that came under his notice.

These have not yet been published in a complete form; but no doubt they will be some day, and then there will be nothing left to tell. Such particulars, however, do not properly come within the scope of this record, interesting as they may be from a personal point of view. It is sufficient to say that the weekly attendances of the Brethren, at first a constant source of pleasure and mutual help, had become very irregular by December, , that an attempt was made to revive them in January, , but without effect, and that Millais's election to the Academy in gave a final quietus to the organization, which for some time previously had ceased to exist save in name.

The ranks of the Brotherhood had not even remained intact. In addition to Collinson, it had lost Woolner, who went to Australia when the emigration craze was at its height. To replace the former a young painter, Walter Howell Deverell, had been nominated, but his election was regarded by some as invalid. Deverell, whose painting of Viola and the Duke in Twelfth Night remains an almost solitary testimony to his genius, unhappily died young.

He possessed many graces of appearance and manner, and was in all respects a fascinating personality. Behind the Brotherhood, and hitherto unmentioned, we seem to catch a glimpse of another very gracious, but very retiring figure, that of Rossetti's sister Christina, who in addition to her deeply page: We left Rossetti, in order to describe the formation of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, at the point where he had just settled down in a joint studio with Holman Hunt to paint his first picture. Hunt, however, was already engaged upon his picture of Rienzi swearing Revenge over his Brother's Corpse ; Millais had work of a less than Pre-Raphaelite character to finish off, and Rossetti himself was seized with desire to paint a subject which much commended itself to his intensely mystical and symbol-loving mind, The Girlhood of Mary Virgin.

The only one of the three, eventually, who touched Keats that year was Millais, who achieved a real triumph with the striking picture, Lorenzo and Isabella. He had been engaged to the last minute upon his old work, when suddenly, in the graphic words of Mr. Hunt, about November, the whole atmosphere of his studio was changed, and the new white canvas was installed on the easel.

Day by day advanced, at a pace beyond all calculation, the picture now known to the whole of England, which I venture to say is the most wonderful painting that any youth still under twenty years of age ever did in the world. Whether posterity will support so overwhelming a verdict as this may, without disrespect either to the critic or the picture, be questioned. Rossetti's picture, as can well be imagined, gave him endless page: So by the following spring all three pictures were ready for exhibition, and were hung, Millais's and Hunt's in the Academy, and Rossetti's either from choice or necessity in the so-called Free Exhibition held in a gallery at Hyde Park Corner.

It is now in the possession of Mrs. Jekyll, one of the daughters of the late William Graham, by whose courtesy it is reproduced here. The picture has lately become well known by its re-exhibition at the New Gallery, and is on many accounts a favourite one with lovers of Rossetti's work.

For delicacy and charm of sentiment there are few to be preferred to it, even though the work, and especially the colouring, may not be in all respects of the strongest. Considering the painter's age and want of proper training, it is a masterly performance. The scene shown is a room in the Virgin's home, with an open carved balcony at which her father, St.

Joachim, is tending a symbolically fruitful vine. On the right of the picture, shown against an olive-green curtain, are the figures of the Virgin and her mother, St. Anna, seated at an embroidery frame. The latter, clothed in dark green and brown, with a nun-like head-dress of dull red, sits watching with clasped hands the work before her, whilst the young girl, a most untypical Madonna, in simple grey dress with pale green at the wrists, pauses with the needle in her page: [22arecto].

Coincidently with the picture of Mary's girlhood , Rossetti began and finished the oil portrait of his father , which is reproduced on page 1. On the death of the latter it was presented by Lady Burne-Jones to Mr. Fairfax Murray, in whose possession it remains. Fairfax Murray page: Two or three other pen-and-ink drawings of belong to Mr. Munro, having been originally given to Rossetti's friend, Alex. Munro, the sculptor. They include Gretchen in the Chapel , with Mephistopheles whispering in her ear, and The Sun may shine and we be cold , a sketch of a girl with clasped hands, crouching in the embrasure of a window, apparently a prisoner.

Both of these were exhibited in at the Burlington Fine Arts Club. Although is intrinsically the year of the Pre-Raphaelite movement, much of the work of the next two years comes within the scope of its influence. Figure: Pen and ink, rounded upper corners. The cream of Rossetti's Pre-Raphaelite work, however, during the two years subsequent to , is the Ecce Ancilla Domini , a sequel in sentiment to Rossetti's picture of the previous year, and the realization on canvas of the last lines of the sonnet.

This is so well known to frequenters of the National Gallery 1 that to describe it would be superfluous. Its appearance was the signal for a storm of abuse and raillery, which descended with impartial violence also upon the pictures of the other Pre-Raphaelite brothers exhibited at the Academy, and which pursued them relentlessly until time and success finally established their position. Munro, the sculptor, just mentioned, had incautiously published the meaning of the mystic letters P.

We are not so conventional now that a new idea or a new style in art could shock us. The tendency in fact is towards the other extreme. It is consequently difficult for anyone of this generation to see what in the quiet, shrinking, girl-like figure of Rossetti's Virgin, in the handsome human-looking angel, or the simple entourage of that Eastern room, could infuriate and outrage the so-called critical opinions of the mid-Victorian age. Ancient injustice is an inspiring, but hardly a fruitful theme, and it would serve no purpose to go again and at length into the nature of the attack made upon the devoted band of Pre-Raphaelites.

Charles Dickens and many other great men lent their names to it, and the Brethren were compelled to face evil days in consequence. But in the darkest hour a saviour appeared. Ruskin, who before the outcry hardly knew of the existence of the school, had his attention drawn to it by Coventry Patmore, and with characteristic fearlessness and energy plunged into the fray. Ruskin defended the artists, at all points, from the charge of being ignorant copyists and realists, the accusation that they could not draw, the alleged conspiracy against Raphael, and finally from the subtlest insinuation of all, because it sounded so professional, the charge that they knew not the laws of perspective.

This ardent championship had one curious effect. In his warmth of defence Ruskin had not only combatted the statement of faults, but had revelled in laying down an elaborate statement of principles. Thus it came about that the original ideas out of which the Brother- page: [26arecto]. A characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood which has not yet been touched on, and which here calls for digression, was its remarkable literary strength. Of the seven original members, two— W. Rossetti and F. Stephens—were writers by preference.

The former did not paint at all. Gabriel Rossetti was, as we have seen, a poet before he could be called a painter, and a poet of the first order.

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Woolner also was a poet, and in this capacity alone belonged to the movement. Collinson made a third; Deverell a weak fourth. Millais and Hunt showed no inclination this way; but, besides those mentioned, the coterie included Christina Rossetti, William Bell Scott, Coventry Patmore, and Madox Brown, who wrote occasionally in verse. Even without the need of a propaganda such a body was almost bound in the nature of things to produce a school of literary thought allied in sentiment with its artistic ideas and aims.

Rossetti's letters of the period show him actively engaged in beating up recruits, forcing all with whom he came in contact to turn journalist, just as later on he tried to force everyone to be a painter—because he was one—or else a buyer of pictures. It speaks well for his persuasive powers that he was able page: Rossetti, and one other poem. Discounting the rambling paper by J. Tupper , there is little that can be called doctrinal in any sense beyond the sonnet by W. Rossetti which appeared on each cover, and a short exordium on the back. The latter was re-written when the magazine changed its name, and it is matter for some doubt in page: These two quotations may help to justify the observation already made, certainly not in a disparaging spirit, that the doctrines of the Pre-Raphaelites took substance and colour from Ruskin's idealism, and that prior to his defence they were rather without form and possibly void.

The sonnet by W. Rossetti, which was referred to as figuring on the cover of all four numbers, does not greatly help to clarify or crystallize the ideas of the P. To some extent it is no doubt an autobiographical record, a memory of mental perturbations and experiences which beset the young painter, striving to preserve and foster the spiritual side of his nature at the expense of more than commonly strong bodily inclinations. From an abstraction like this story of the mythical young painter Chiaro dell' Erma, we may feel we get one truer glimpse of the real Rossetti than any number of life-histories, overlaid with trivial incidents which obscure rather than reveal his personality, can give us.

Biographical facts are concrete, intelligible, and common to all men. Their record tends in general to level genius to the limits of ordinary comprehension.