Aus Liebe & Aus Leidenschaft (German Edition)

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Read more Read less. Start reading Feelings on your Kindle in under a minute. Don't have a Kindle? Try the Kindle edition and experience these great reading features:. No customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.

Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. Set up a giveaway. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Learn more about Amazon Prime. I'm obsessive and I love too hard. Ich bin besessen und ich liebe zu stark. Good at overthinking with my heart. Bin gut darin, mit meinem Herz zu viel zu denken. How you even think it got this far? Wie denkst du, dass ich so weit gekommen bin?

This far. And I can be needy, way too damn needy. I can be needy, tell me how good it feels to be needed. I can be needy, so hard to please me. I know it feels so good to be needed. Sorry if I'm up and down a lot Yeah. Es tut mir leid, wenn ich viele Stimmungsschwankungen habe. Sorry that I think I'm not enough. And sorry if I say sorry way too much. Und es tut mir leid, dass ich mich viel zu oft entschuldige.

You can go ahead and call me selfish Selfish. Du kannst mich ruhig egoistisch nennen. But after all this damage I can't help it Help it. Aber nach diesem ganzen Schaden kann ich nichts dagegen tun. The same qualities are evident in Der verwaltete Mensch. Eine Reise is a classic account of the deportation and concentration camp confinement of a fictional family, of whose five members only one survives. Die Wand records the problematic adjustment of a Holocaust survivor to life in London. Further fiction includes Unser Georg.

Her later works are marked by a tone and technique ranging between the bleak absurd cf. Werke appeared in seven volumes in Although Altenberg excelled at pithy and trenchant comments on the demi-monde of Viennese night life his quizzical and frequently sardonic gaze encompassed Austrian and German society as a whole. Gesammelte Werke began to appear in Alverdes, Paul — Born in Strasbourg, Alverdes was a member of the German youth movement, joined the war in and suffered a severe wound to the larynx.

His Novelle, Die Pfeiferstube, published in and reaching sales of , by , is based on this experience and tells of the friendship between German soldiers and an English prisoner who all suffer the same wound. During the Third Reich Alverdes published, with Karl Benno von Mechow, A companion to twentieth-century german literature 4 the journal Das innere Reich, which propagated a conservative rather than a radical standpoint. Amery, Carl pseudonym of Christian Mayer, — Amery is the author of novels in which an idiosyncratic historical awareness and elements of science fiction achieve a remarkable fusion.

In Die Wallfahrer the time-travelling device is reintroduced in order to bring together pilgrims from different periods of Bavarian history and allow them further progress into the future. The author offers alternative endings, the first preceding and the second following the apocalypse. Die gnadenlosen Folgen des Christentums , but in his more recent work he shows a growing concern with ecological issues Natur als Politik and criticizes the contemporary obsession with high technology Die starke Position oder Ganz normale MAMUS He committed suicide, a theme of several works.

Die molussische Katakombe is an anti-Fascist allegorical dystopia, part of which was published in Mariechen , written is a mixture of erotic idyll and philosophical fable. Having obtained a responsible position in the communist youth organization, Andersch was briefly incarcerated in Dachau after the Nazi seizure of power, avoided further political involvement on his release, and did various odd jobs until his call-up in On 6 June he deserted on the Italian front, a decision which he later endowed with crucial political and existential significance and made the turning-point of his autobiographical work Die Kirschen der Freiheit , the original version of which, devoid of existentialist overtones, appeared in under the title Flucht in Etrurien and was re-published in Returning from POW camp in the USA, he founded and edited with Hans Werner Richter Der Ruf —7 until the threat of suppression by the American occupation authorities made its continuation under their editorship impossible, then worked for radio, developing new broadcasting forms such as the feature and the radio essay and opening the medium to younger writers.

He performed a similar role as editor of the bimonthly Texte und Zeichen —7. Settling in Ticino in , he became a Swiss citizen in Knudsen and Judith succeed in fleeing to Sweden with the statue, while Helander falls victim to SS bullets. In Die Rote , revised version the red-haired Franziska escapes the conflicting demands of her marriage and an affair by travelling to Venice, where after becoming involved in the revenge of an Irish victim of Nazism against his former Gestapo interrogator she finds the emotional fulfilment she seeks in a relationship with an excommunist musician.

When both the mission and the relationship fail, he moves to Rome and abandons journalism for novel-writing. The last of A-Z 7 these, having saved a picture by Paul Klee from Nazi sequestration, undertakes to act as an intermediary in negotiations with the American side, but he is arrested and shot by a homosexual corporal who hopes thus to protect himself. The surrender plan comes to nothing after the major receives a secret order to withdraw in preparation for the imminent Ardennes offensive.

The situation, the constellation of characters and the symbolical role of the work of art recall Sansibar, but the larger scale of the later novel allows Andersch to analyse the interaction of personal motivation and political duress with much greater subtlety. Andersch also produced a number of short story collections Geister und Leute.

Zehn Geschichten She studied at Zurich university, and later became associated with Nietzsche, who wished to marry her, with Rilke, Gerhart Hauptmann, Frank Wedekind and other notable literary figures. She travelled widely and accompanied Rilke to Russia twice, visiting Tolstoi at his country estate. Andres, Stefan —70 Born in the Moselle area, with Italy the setting of many of his works, Andres, after a period as a Capuchin novice and as a student, settled in Positano, where he spent the years —49; in his later years he lived in the Rhineland until and in Rome.

A companion to twentieth-century german literature 8 Andres owed his popularity, which reached its height in the s and has since much abated, to numerous unpretentious novels and stories with rural and Mediterranean settings, in which a Catholic morality, tolerant of the healing forces of time and nature, sees the characters through to a positive resolution of their problems Der Mann von Asteri , Der gefrorene Dionysos —also under the title Die Liebesschaukel —Die Hochzeit der Feinde , Ritter der Gerechtigkeit , Die Reise nach Portiuncula One of several plays, Sperrzonen , and the novel Der Taubenturm represent a more realistic approach to the Third Reich and its aftermath than Die Sintflut.

Andres returned to the theme of commitment after a struggle with conscience in the posthumously published Die Versuchung des Synesios , centred on a fifthcentury bishop of Cyrene. Andrian entered the diplomatic service, travelled widely and became briefly governor-general of Poland. Hofmannsthal was instrumental in his appointment as director of the Hoftheater, but the November revolution of abruptly terminated this. Andrian turned increasingly towards religion and a conservative stance, viz. Andrian A-Z 9 stands very much under the shadow of Hofmannsthal, whose death in seemed to him to signify the death-knell of Austrian culture.


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The correspondence with Hofmannsthal was published in However, although his exile experiences in Spain, where he took part as a non-combatant in the Spanish Civil War —9 , and in Colombia, where he spent the years —50, inspired poetry of a political dimension, he rarely conformed to socialist realist norms then or later.

Arp, Hans or Jean — Born in Strasbourg, Arp enjoyed a mixed cultural environment, and wrote in both French and German; he was talented enough to feel at ease as both graphic artist and lyric poet. In Arp exhibited his paintings and became associated with the Blaue Reiter group. He contributed also to the Sturm periodical ed. Herwarth Walden and attempted to emulate the effects of abstract art in literature. The first volume of his collected poetry, Die wolkenpumpe, appeared in and was characterized by grotesque and startling imagery, automatic writing and the deliberate cultivation of absurdity.

A brilliant linguist—he claims to understand twenty-six languages in addition to the eight from which he has translated—and master of stylistic masks, he is also a connoisseur of black romanticism, surrealism, baroque formalism and dialect. His best-known book remains that by which he became known: med ana schwoazzn dintn , and his work done in collaboration with other members of the Wiener Gruppe, to which he ceased to claim allegiance before its eventual dissolution, includes besides Montagen further dialect poems, hosn rosn baa Because Artmann prefers the short form and the fragment, he is best approached through collections and anthologies such as The Best of H.

Thirty-two mini-plays are assembled in die fahrt zur insel nantucket and all the prose until in Grammatik der Rosen three vols. Readers in search of exuberant fantasy, verbal prestidigitation and the ludic transmutation and promiscuous juxtaposition of every conceivable form, tone, register, genre and trivial topos, need look no further; those after spiritual or psychological depth, reflection on serious contemporary issues, realistic depiction of milieu and genuine historical awareness must look elsewhere. Das poetische Werk, in ten volumes, appeared in Die Geschichte vom General Suter and Der Verrat von Novara were immensely popular, the latter play enjoying over two thousand performances.

She worked from in New York but returned to her homeland in , only to be caught up in the political upheavals in the course of which Bukovina first became part of Romania, then in was absorbed by the Soviet Union, then after occupation by German troops rejoined Romania when that country entered the war on the German side in She narrowly escaped deportation, and was forced to spend the years —4 in hiding in the ghetto. Thanks to MargulSperber her first collection of poems, Der Regenbogen , was published; written in the manner of the early Rilke and Hofmannsthal, it was later rejected by her as an epigonal work.

Her second and most important collection, Blinder Sommer, did not appear until and was scarcely noticed; the title poem, containing reflections on the postHolocaust situation, is followed by poems evoking New York, poems on language and the art of poetry, autobiographical poems and poems of identification with the Jewish spiritual heritage.

The theme of exile with its multiple meanings is here already present and is repeated in further variations in the subsequent collections which appeared almost yearly throughout the s and s. Jeder Tropfen ein Stein appeared in B Bachmann, Ingeborg —73 Born in Klagenfurt, Ingeborg Bachmann studied philosophy from to , concentrating on Wittgenstein and Heidegger and gaining a doctorate for a dissertation on the latter. She spent long periods in Rome, where she died of the effects of a domestic fire accident. Although her use of imagery from nature can be related to the romantic tradition of the Stimmungsbild, behind the majority of her poems lies the concrete experience of a damaged childhood in the Austrian provinces during the Third Reich.

A melancholy sense of loss and fear that personal relationships are not only doomed to transience but threatened by socio-political forces pervades her work, even when a note of fulfilment is present as in the love poems of the second collection, at the end of which she also expresses faith in the transcending power of art. In Malina, what appears at first to be an account of the course of a triangle involving the female narrator, the mysterious Malina and her lover Ivan turns out to be a form for the analysis of a deep psychic wound with the help of Jungian categories.

A complete edition, Werke, in four volumes, appeared in Bahr later championed expressionism in his essay of the same name. The dramatist Bahr worked briefly under Max Reinhardt in Berlin, and was Dramaturg at the Burgtheater: his plays were meant as entertainment, and Das Konzert is probably the most successful, with its amusing portrayal of the idolatry enjoyed by the pianist Gustav Heink. In he married the Wagner-singer Anna Mildenburg. Bahr was also one of the initiators of the Salzburg Festival.

Ball, Hugo — Ball, one of the co-founders of Dadaism, originally studied acting at the Max Reinhardt school in Berlin and, shortly before the First World War, became director of the Munich Kammerspiele. Ball greeted the outbreak of war as a welcome cataclysm and sought to enlist. He was rejected, but managed to witness trench warfare in Belgium: he reacted in disgust and horror. After the war he attacked the arrogance of the German intellectual tradition in Zur Kritik der deutschen Intelligent, , turned increasingly to religion Die Folgen der Reformation and Byzantinisches Christentum and befriended Hermann Hesse.

The less personal, more flippant novel Flametti oder vom Dandysmus der Armen had appeared in Briefe aus den Jahren — was published in Barlach, Ernst — Sculptor, graphic artist, dramatist and novelist, Ernst Barlach was without doubt the most gifted of those expressionists Arnold Schoenberg and Oskar Kokoschka were others who enjoyed a rich diversity of talent. Hailed as one of the greatest German sculptors of A-Z 15 the twentieth century, Barlach also achieved considerable acclaim for his plays, and he was awarded the Kleist prize in for his outstanding literary gifts.

The play is mystical and sombre, exploring the conflict between the principle of transcendence the Father and that of immanence the Mother , with the son as the battlefield. A brooding atmosphere prevails throughout as the son attempts to escape the clinging maternal influence; although he perishes in the struggle the knowledge of an immaculate spiritual conception is gained.

"Liebchen" English translation

Die echten Sedemunds describes a fight for genuine values and religious awareness within a family; Der Findling is a mystery play which shows the power of love to redeem and transform. The North German atmosphere prevails throughout most, and a wry, often clumsy, humour is often prevalent. Barlach frequently published lithographs and woodcuts, illustrating his plays those for Der Findling are especially successful : these complement the work he did in wood, stone and bronze. His eminence in both sculpture and drama is now assured: Das dichterische Werk three vols appeared between and , was reprinted between and , and two volumes of letters were published in and Bartsch described the life of the peasants in south-west Styria and the threat of Slav encroachment; other novels he published over twenty were characterized by excessive sentimentality and pretentiousness.

Bartsch wrote with a facility which impaired his earlier reputation. His plays include Ohne Gott and Fernes Schiff Vom sterbenden Rokoko is a collection of Novellen. Bauer, Wolfgang — Bauer was born in Graz, where he studied and has continued to live. However, he cannot be bracketed with a dated pop culture, as he uses its trappings for his own purposes, sharing with the early Handke and other Austrians a concern with appearance and reality and a stage method which demonstrates delusion and deception in ever more sophisticated variations through the way in which characters adopt roles and force them on one another through manipulation.

Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Werke seven vols began to appear in His Uferdasein is a collection of short stories concerned with blindness: those who cannot see are able to explore, writes Baum, an inner world of sensations and mystic awareness with a greater facility. Als etwas, was er eigentlich nie war und was ihm nie zuerkannt wurde. Vielleicht ist Oskar nur ein trauriges Symbol der sogenannten deutschen Juden in Prag. His prose style is reminiscent of that of E.

Hoffmann, and his predilection for the macabre he intended to write a Grabenbuch looks back to Edgar Allan Poe. Baum was killed by a stray piece of shrapnel in That same year saw the publication of Menschen im Hotel, one of the most characteristic novels of the Weimar Republic. A thinly veiled description of the Hotel Adlon, it cleverly enmeshes the destinies, pathetic and frequently sordid, of the guests staying beneath its roof. She wrote her later novels in English: Berlin Hotel attempted unsuccessfully to regain the popularity of the earlier novel, although the descriptions of air-raids over Berlin have a certain graphic quality.

Her autobiography Es war alles ganz anders appeared in Bayer, Konrad —64 A member of the Wiener Gruppe, Bayer remained until his death the most wilfully experimental of the five in his work and his life style. Artmann was his mentor, with whom he shared a taste for surrealism and black romanticism. Becher, Johannes R. A confessional drama, Arbeiter, Bauern, Soldaten, appeared in Becher became a Communist deputy in the Reichstag in the Weimar Republic, fled Germany in February and eventually settled in Moscow.

The Neue deutsche Volkslieder and Deutsche Sonette are undistinguished. Editions of his work include Auswahl four vols, ; Auswahl six vols, ; Gesammelte Werke eighteen vols, — A three-volume Werke appeared in Grosz was an early mentor and is portrayed in the novel Das Profit Deutsch-amerikanische Chronik portray the struggle of exiles to survive in the Brazilian jungle and in New York. Becker, Jurek — Becker spent his childhood in the ghetto of Lodz, Poland, and in two concentration camps before settling in Berlin in Apparent too is its connection to the subject of story-telling, which is an abiding preoccupation of the central characters, who usually narrate their own story.

In his account of his successful career as a writer Georg Bieneck reveals himself as a careerist, opportunist and above all as a fraudulent manipulator of all those with whom he comes into contact. When his estranged wife confronts him with the truth about himself, he accepts that he has flouted socialist principles.

Other novels focus on Jewish victims of the Holocaust whose inability to come to terms with the traumas left by their experiences renders them unwilling outsiders in either German state Der Boxer , Bronsteins Kinder , or similar figures whose failure to accommodate themselves to the expectations of their professional and social milieu leads not to active protest but to withdrawal, illness and attempted suicide Schlaflose Tage , Aller Welt Freund Neither these novels, nor the twenty-five stories of the collection Nach der ersten Zukunft , were published in the GDR.

Amanda herzlos , ostensibly a A-Z 21 private story about a woman and her relationships to three men, a conforming sports writer, a dissident author and a journalist from the West, viewed from their respective points of view, throws light on the mediocrity of life in the closing years of the GDR. Warnung vor dem Schriftsteller contains thoughts on the differences between East and West German literature. Wir sind auch nur ein Volk is a television series on post-Wende Germany. In them reality in the form of particles of everyday life is filtered through the subjectivity of the author, who then carefully arranges these often fragmentary and disparate perceptions, occasionally conveyed in deliberately ungrammatical and punctu-ation-free form, in measured proportions to form a symmetrical whole.

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Faithful to the view that the old generic divisions are no longer valid, Becker combines lyrical, anecdotal and dramatic elements, exposes the stereotyped nature of the language associated with particular activities, in order to indicate how jargon hinders access to reality, cf. In concentrating on the effects of industrial activity in the urban landscape these poems become the vehicle of regret for the loss of the idyll represented by pre-industrial nature and fear of environmental catastrophe.

Becker is also the author of numerous radio plays. The Gesammelte Werke appeared in , the correspondence with Hofmannsthal in More important is the more substantial novel Wunschkost , which tells of the POW Ulmer, whose comrades ensure that he escapes death from pneumonia by collecting enough money to buy penicillin. Deutsche Lyrik seit 45 , In diesem Lande leben wir. Deutsche Gedichte der Gegenwart , and has recently returned to the short story Bruderherz Worte Bilder Menschen represents a crosssection of his early work. Werke six vols began to appear in Benn, Gottfried — Generally acknowledged to be one of the most outstanding German lyric poets of the twentieth century, Gottfried Benn came from a family of Protestant parsons, studied medicine in Marburg and Berlin and published, shortly after graduating as a medical officer in , a cycle of poems entitled Morgue und andere Gedichte.

Wir wollen den Rausch. Wir rufen Dionysos und Ithaka! The collection Fleisch appeared in , Schutt and Spaltung in and respectively. In an incomprehensible universe meaning is only achieved through the poetic act, the mysterious fusion of disparate parts: Broadway, interstellar space, the Parthenon, the cervical cortex. Benn moved in the same circle as Klabund, Oskar Loerke and J. His standpoint is clearly expressed in Der neue Staat und die Intellektuellen of Benn found himself, however, out of favour with the authorities for his earlier poems, his formalism and modernism, and was attacked in as a purveyor of lewd pornography.

In isolation he concentrated upon a definition of poetry as being an act of defiance in the face of absurdity and nihilism. Benn remained in Berlin after ; the brilliance, intensity, and also the tone of quiet resignation in his poetry attracted a growing readership who were prepared to condone his earlier political views. In Benn delivered a famous lecture at Marburg University on problems of writing lyric poetry, a lecture quoted and discussed in Cambridge by T.

Eight volumes of Gesammelte Werke ed. A complete edition Stuttgarter Ausgabe began publication in In there appeared his first novel, Das Gesetz des Atum, a derivative E. Hoffmann and pseudo-expressionistic account of student life in which Atum, an ancient Egyptian sun-god, acts as judge and paradigm. Surprisingly, the book was not banned by the Nazis.

Bergengruen remained within Germany, although life became increasingly difficult for him: in he was removed from the Reichsschrifttumskammer, although he was allowed to publish Am Himmel wie auf Erden in A historical novel which is set in sixteenth-century Brandenburg, the book also hints at punishment and a higher destiny; Bergengruen, by now a devout Catholic, was not blinded by the initial successes of the German army.

Der Tod von Reval is a grotesquely humorous Totentanz; Der spanische Rosenstock a delightful piece of escapism. After the war Bergengruen published his Rittmeister trilogy, and also collected his poetry and published it in two volumes, Die heile Welt and Figur und Schatten Bernhard, Thomas —89 A dominant but eccentric figure in contemporary German letters, with Handke the bestknown Austrian writer of recent decades, Bernhard has monomaniacally devoted himself to an ever more elaborate transposition of his bleak vision of the senselessness of human existence into a vast output of work in prose fiction, autobiography and drama, in which mental disturbance, physical decay and death are the permanent themes.

After travels in Sicily, Britain and Poland Bernhard withdrew to a farm in the centre of Upper Austria which he turned into a hermitage for the production of the works eighteen full-length plays, seven full-length novels, numerous stories and shorter prose in addition to the autobiographical series which poured without interruption from his pen in the following twenty-four years. Many of the figures in his novels and plays indulge in more or less literary forms of the Schwadronade tirade or flyting monologue characteristic of Austrian folk culture.

Many of them are locked into inescapable family relationships defined by the dialectic of domination and servitude e. Alternatively the discipline demanded by art turns its practitioners into performing machines indistinguishable from circus animals, as in the Salzburg plays Der Ignorant und der Wahnsinnige and Die Macht der Gewohnheit In setting all his novels in remote parts of rural Austria Bernhard challenges like several contemporary Austrian novelists the strong tradition of the Heimatroman as represented by e. Stifter, Rosegger and Waggerl, inverting its values to create black idylls.

He often models his figures on real persons, making the connection more or less explicit e. Gesammelte Gedichte appeared in His prose is spare and pointed, conveying static situations without dramatic conflict. The eight Kindergeschichten A-Z 27 are not only for children; the strange but harmless obsessions of the aged eccentrics who populate them are portrayed with sympathy, while a few stories, in which the withdrawal to a private world leads to the invention of a private language, recall the inspired nonsense of Lear and Carroll.

Bichsel has attacked Swiss conservatism in combative newspaper articles, essays and speeches collected in Geschichten zur falschen Zeit and Schulmeistereien Der Busant marks a return to the short story, which forms the subject of the Frankfurt lecture Der Leser. Zur Stadt Paris contains forty-eight miniature stories. Bonifaz oder Der Matrose in der Flasche recounts the picaresque adventures on land and sea of the title-figure.

The original version of Maria Morzeck oder Das Kaninchen bin ich was produced and filmed in the GDR; however, neither book nor film reached the public and Bieler left the GDR for Prague in , eventually settling in Munich in Bieler is also the author of numerous radio plays, some of which are collected in Drei Rosen aus Papier , Still wie die Nacht. Bienek, Horst —90 Born in Silesia, Bienek had contacts with Brecht and the Berliner Ensemble until, after taking part in an anti-Stalinist protest in West Berlin, he was deported to the Soviet Union, where he spent the following four years in the Gulag.

He subsequently lived in the West, mainly in Munich and its environs. Each of volumes I—III focuses on one day in the lives of the Piontek family and their friends: 31 August , 4 September , Good Friday , while in volume IV the action is divided between the occupation of Gleiwitz by the Russians and the destruction of Dresden in February , an episode into which Bienek introduces the unnamed but clearly identifiable figure of Gerhart Hauptmann. Together the novels throw much light on everyday life during the Third Reich and in particular on German-Polish-Jewish relations in a frontier area plagued by communal strife.

Childhood and growing up in Silesia are also the subject of Beschreibung einer Provinz. Aufzeichnungen, Materialien, Dokumente and Reise in die Kindheit , and his other volumes of poetry Gleiwitzer Kindheit and Die Zeit danach are autobiographically based. Poems: Wer antwortet wem Prinz Kuckuck. His works for the stage, and further novels, were not so successful.

The Gesammelte Werke ten volumes appeared between and Biermann, Wolf — Poet, singer, composer and guitar virtuoso, Biermann, whose communist father was murdered in Auschwitz in , was born into a working-class family in Hamburg. From until September he was forbidden to perform in the GDR and all his publications and records appeared only in the West Die Drahtharfe , Mit Marx- und Engelszungen , Deutschland.

Having been given permission to take part in a concert tour of the Federal Republic he was deprived of his citizenship on 16 November after performing with spectacular success in Cologne. He belongs both to an international line of poetmusicians incl. Despite the difficulties of maintaining his role in the West and the occasional signs of resignation e. A journey to Hamburg in inspired the stanzas of Deutschland. Yet even birthday poems for his children are given a political dimension in the context of the nuclear threat. Klappe zu. Billinger, Richard — Born in Upper Austria, from peasant stock, Billinger trained for the priesthood but later turned to writing.

His novels deal with the interaction of the sacred and the profane, generally in a rural setting: Die Asche des Fegefeuers established his reputation. Das Schutzengelhaus deals with the experiences of Philomela Spielhahn, a town-dweller, during a holiday in the country, a situation somewhat akin to that of Cold Comfort Farm. Perchtenspiel , first performed at the Salzburg Festival mixes natural and supernatural, modern and mystical, in an uncomfortable manner; Rauhnacht and Spiel vom Knecht anticipate the theatre of Franz Xaver Kroetz.

The Gesammelte Werke twelve volumes appeared between and Binding, Rudolf — An author known primarily through his Novellen and war diary, Rudolf Binding was a late developer as a writer and did not publish until he was over forty. The Gesammelte Werke two volumes appeared in , with Die Briefe in The Nazis forbade him to write because of his expressionist poetry; he died almost completely blind.

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Blei, Franz — Blei, a versatile critic, essayist and writer, was most influential in the literary life at the turn of the century, founding various journals, of which Hyperion was the most famous. Blei also wrote poetry and plays, some conventional Der dunkle Weg and Logik des Herzens , but Die Welle, produced by Hugo Ball in the Munich Kammerspiele , with Blei himself acting in it, demonstrated his links with more experimental theatre.

He died in Westbury, Long Island. Six volumes of Vermischte Schriften were published from to ; the Schriften in Auswahl, with an essay by A. A-Z 33 Blunck, Hans — A writer of prose, poetry and plays, Hans Blunck born in Altona became identified with Blut und Boden literature and the cult of North-German earnestness, mission and superiority. From to Blunck was president of the newlyformed Reichsschrifttumskammer; relations between him and Joseph Goebbels became strained, and Hanns Johst replaced him.

A ten-volume edition of his writings appeared in he received the Goethe medal in the same year. Blunck was pronounced a Nazi sympathizer and collaborator by the Denazification Tribunal in he insisted that the verdict was unjust. The Gesammelte Werke in Einzelausgaben fifteen vols appeared from to ; Dramen und Lustspiele two vols , also in ; Das Gesamtwerk four vols between and Bobrowski, Johannes —65 Bobrowski was born in Tilsit and grew up in Memel, and all his poetry and much of his prose result from the effort to reconstruct through memory the landscape and childhood experiences of this frontier area, in which Poles, Lithuanians, Russians and Jews had lived in close proximity for generations.

Bobrowski was both conservative in his debt to poets such as Klopstock mainly ignored in the twentieth century and, in the context of GDR writing, in his Christian commitment, and modernist in his development of free verse and of a fragmentary prose form which allows several voices and perspectives to emerge. Along with Peter Huchel he is a master of the humanized landscape. Despite his circumscribed themes his influence is present in the work of several writers, incl. Bobrowski wrote his earliest poems as a soldier in Russia, some of which appeared in the periodical Das innere Reich before the end of the war, but the majority of his poems can be dated to the years — The award in the latter year of the prize of Gruppe 47 after his second reading before the group and the publication of his first collection Sarmatische Zeit made him known in the West.

Ganz neue Xenien , the last a series of satirical epigrams on figures in the contemporary German literary landscape. Haufe, appeared from The attitudes which find consistent expression in both his fiction and his public writings e. All present the senselessness of war by adopting the perspective of the ordinary soldier whose only escape from the horrors of combat, the total subordination to his superiors and the souldestroying boredom of military routine is the memory or fantasy of private happiness. In Und sagte kein einziges Wort the predicament of the soldier come home, forced by inadequate housing to meet his wife in hotel rooms, is exacerbated by the unsympathetic attitude of the better off and contrasted with ecclesiastical pomp and tasteless advertising.

Their accounts, in throwing light on the separate stages of her biography, add up to a panorama of the period to , placing Gruppenbild firmly in the tradition of the Zeitroman. Acts of terrorism by the Rote Armee Faktion better known as the Baader-Meinhof group forced the authorities in the Federal Republic to mobilize state power to an extent unprecedented in its history in order to arrest, try and convict them. While the anti-terrorist campaign undoubtedly had the support of public A companion to twentieth-century german literature 36 opinion, it occasionally led to excesses which undermined rights guaranteed by the constitution as those suspected of sympathizing with or sheltering terrorists were subjected to police surveillance and vilified by sections of the press.

For all his faults, parochialism, sentimentality, black-and-white characterization, he demonstrated that the novel is still able to show how people relate to one another as members of a family, a community and a nation. A collected edition, Werke, in ten volumes, appeared in Bonsels, Waldemar — Traveller, publisher and writer of popular novels and stories, Bonsels made his reputation with Die Biene Maja und ihre Abenteuer , a charming account of a queen bee and the adventures that befall it.

A year before his death he republished, under the title Das vergessene Licht, an earlier pseudo-Christian novel. Borchardt, Rudolf — An author remembered for his essays and translations, Borchardt was one of a group of writers R.

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The neo-romantic aspects of his earlier poetry Jugendgedichte increasingly gave way to classical forms. Borchardt was an accomplished linguist and translated from Greek, English and Italian: his Dante Deutsch —30 is an acknowledged masterpiece. Borchardt was a close associate of Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Vermischte Gedichte appeared in The novel Vereinigung durch den Feind hindurch was published in Vienna: the title refers to an essay on military tactics. Borchardt, who was partly Jewish, was arrested by the Gestapo, but later released; he died in the Tyrol at the end of the war.

He also wrote numerous poems, only a few of which were eventually published. Die traurigen Geranien made available further unpublished material. His first novel Der zweite Tag , in which the impressions received on a train journey are registered in minute detail, bare of symbol and metaphor, can be associated with the Cologne school of realism including Wellershoff, Herburger, Elsner. The poems, eventually collected in Gedichte — , show the influence of the Americans W.

Politics, reflection on the function of poetry and moments of satisfaction and hope contrasted with fear of the impersonal forces of the state are further topics in the later poems.