Heads, Hides and Horns: The Complete Buffalo Book
In one videotaped instance, known as the Battle at Kruger , a calf survived an attack by both lions and a crocodile after intervention of the herd. African buffaloes make various vocalizations. Many calls are lower-pitched versions of those emitted by domestic cattle.
They emit low-pitched, two- to four-second calls intermittently at three- to six-second intervals to signal the herd to move. To signal to the herd to change direction, leaders emit "gritty", "creaking gate" sounds. When being aggressive, they make explosive grunts that may last long or turn into a rumbling growl. Cows produce croaking calls when looking for their calves. Calves make a similar call of a higher pitch when in distress. Dominant individuals make calls to announce their presence and location. A version of the same call, but more intense, is emitted as a warning to an encroaching inferior.
Buffaloes mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. Birth peak takes place early in the season, while mating peaks later. A bull closely guards a cow that comes into heat, while keeping other bulls at bay. Cows first calve at five years of age, after a gestation period of Newborn calves remain hidden in vegetation for the first few weeks while being nursed occasionally by the mother before joining the main herd. Older calves are held in the centre of the herd for safety. However, when a new calf is born, the bonding ends and the mother keeps her previous offspring at bay with horn jabs.
Nevertheless, the yearling follows its mother for another year or so. Males leave their mothers when they are two years old and join the bachelor groups.
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Young calves, unusually for bovids, suckle from behind their mothers, pushing their heads between the mothers' legs. The current status of African Cape buffalo is dependent on the animal's value to both trophy hunters and tourists, paving the way for conservation efforts through antipoaching patrols, village crop damage payouts, and CAMPFIRE payback programs to local areas.
The buffalo was listed as least concern by the IUCN "as the species had a global population estimated at nearly , animals, of which more than three-quarters are in protected areas.
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However, in the buffalo was listed as a near threatened species with only , individuals left. While some populations subspecies are decreasing, others will remain unchanged in the long term if large, healthy populations continue to persist in a substantial number of national parks, equivalent reserves and hunting zones in southern and eastern Africa. In the most recent and available census data at continental scale, the total estimated numbers of the three African buffalo savanna subspecies S.
The larger bulls are targeted for their trophy value, although in some areas, buffaloes are still hunted for meat. One of the "big five" African game , it is known as "the Black Death" or "widowmaker", and is widely regarded as a very dangerous animal. According to some estimates, [ which? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. African buffalo Temporal range: 0. Conservation status. Sparrman , This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Two-week-old red calf Uganda. Two-week-old calf suckling Uganda. Female with red calf Tanzania. Retrieved In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press. Archived from the original on African buffalo Syncerus caffer Sparrman, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
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Archived from the original on 27 October T Retrieved 31 July Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle. Implications for Conservation. South African Journal of Wildlife Research. Human—wildlife conflict in Mozambique: a national perspective, with emphasis on wildlife attacks on humans. Oryx, 44 2 , Risk and opportunity for humans coexisting with large carnivores. Journal of Human Evolution, 36 3 , Extant Artiodactyla species. Suborder Ruminantia. Pronghorn A. Okapi O. Northern giraffe G. Anhui musk deer M. Water chevrotain H. Indian spotted chevrotain M. Java mouse-deer T.
Family Cervidae. Indian muntjac M. Tufted deer E. Fallow deer D. Chital A. Barasingha R. Eld's deer P. Hog deer H. Sambar R. Red deer C.
'Kill Every Buffalo You Can! Every Buffalo Dead Is an Indian Gone'
Moose A. Water deer H. European roe deer C. Reindeer R. Taruca H. Red brocket M. Pampas deer O. Marsh deer B.
White-tailed deer O. Family Bovidae. Abbott's duiker C. Blue duiker P. Common duiker S. Roan antelope H.
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East African oryx O. Addax A. Upemba lechwe K. Southern reedbuck R. Impala A. Grey rhebok P. Hirola B. Topi D. Hartebeest A. Black wildebeest C. Tibetan antelope P. Family Bovidae subfamily Caprinae. Barbary sheep A. Takin B. Wild goat C. Japanese serow C. Established seller since Seller Inventory IQ Paperback or Softback.
'Kill Every Buffalo You Can! Every Buffalo Dead Is an Indian Gone' - The Atlantic
Seller Inventory BBS Condition: Nuevo. Seller Inventory POD Book Description Condition: New. Seller Inventory n. Never used! This item is printed on demand. Seller Inventory No Jacket. History and myth, Indians and buffalo hunters, this book tells the story of the icon of the American West. Publisher stamp on front endpaper. Seller Inventory E Larry Barsness. This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis This thoroughly researched and superbly written book combines history, myth, folklore, and fiction to tell the story not only of the buffalo but of the relationship between buffalo and man on the North American continent.
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