How to Wage a Military Campaign
Napoleon later adopted a French spelling of his last name. As a boy, Napoleon attended school in mainland France, where he learned the French language, and went on to graduate from a French military academy in He then became a second lieutenant in an artillery regiment of the French army. The French Revolution began in , and within three years revolutionaries had overthrown the monarchy and proclaimed a French republic. During the early years of the revolution, Napoleon was largely on leave from the military and home in Corsica, where he became affiliated with the Jacobins, a pro-democracy political group.
In , following a clash with the nationalist Corsican governor, Pasquale Paoli , the Bonaparte family fled their native island for mainland France, where Napoleon returned to military duty. In France, Napoleon became associated with Augustin Robespierre , the brother of revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre , a Jacobin who was a key force behind the Reign of Terror , a period of violence against enemies of the revolution.
During this time, Napoleon was promoted to the rank of brigadier general in the army. However, after Robespierre fell from power and was guillotined along with Augustin in July , Napoleon was briefly put under house arrest for his ties to the brothers. In , Napoleon helped suppress a royalist insurrection against the revolutionary government in Paris and was promoted to major general. The following year, the Directory, the five-person group that had governed France since , offered to let Napoleon lead an invasion of England.
Instead, he proposed an invasion of Egypt in an effort to wipe out British trade routes with India. That summer, with the political situation in France marked by uncertainty, the ever-ambitious and cunning Napoleon opted to abandon his army in Egypt and return to France. In November , in an event known as the coup of 18 Brumaire, Napoleon was part of a group that successfully overthrew the French Directory.
Additionally, with the Treaty of Amiens in , the war-weary British agreed to peace with the French although the peace would only last for a year. Napoleon worked to restore stability to post-revolutionary France. One of his most significant accomplishments was the Napoleonic Code, which streamlined the French legal system and continues to form the foundation of French civil law to this day. In , a constitutional amendment made Napoleon first consul for life. Two years later, in , he crowned himself emperor of France in a lavish ceremony at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.
In , Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais , a stylish widow six years his senior who had two teenage children.
Plan your first campaign and track your results
More than a decade later, in , after Napoleon had no offspring of his own with Josephine, he had their marriage annulled so he could find a new wife and produce an heir. In , he wed Marie Louise , the daughter of the emperor of Austria. In addition to his son with Marie Louise, Napoleon had several illegitimate children. From to , France was engaged in the Napoleonic Wars, a series of major conflicts with various coalitions of European nations.
However, in December of that same year, Napoleon achieved what is considered to be one of his greatest victories at the Battle of Austerlitz, in which his army defeated the Austrians and Russians. The victory resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine. What sets tactics apart from campaigns and battles is that they must succeed. You should expect setbacks in your campaign, and you should be prepared for some battles to take longer than others.
Iranian Hackers Wage Cyber Campaign Amid U.S. Tensions | Time
But each individual tactic you choose should give you a positive result. Nothing will sap your focus more quickly than repeatedly failing at the same task in the same way. Never rehearse failure in the heat of battle! Of course, some battles must happen sequentially. But oftentimes we impose limitations on ourselves without realizing it.
What if a piece contains spiccato, and yours is not up to par? Do you have to suspend all work on the piece until you fix your stroke? Of course not! Only after opening their ears to their other qualities could they regain their balance. You can employ tactics to combat the weakness, such as scale and etude work. Supply lines get stretched, and forces fatigued. The same is true for your development as a musician. Here again, scales and etudes are an enormous help. One of my favorite tactics is to use unfamiliar material pick a dusty etude book and open to a random page!
Have you just improved your spiccato? Now play Kreutzer 2 off the string. Then Dont 3.
Tired of losing practice battles? Wage a practice campaign
Then an F-Major scale. Need to know which etudes help which techniques? Check out the Guide to Survival Repertoire! Start by downloading my practice campaign worksheet so that you can map right along with me. So, this will be the campaign I record in my practice journal:. But in June, it will be time to lay out my battles for the Beethoven campaign.
I imagine them running in this way:. In the beginning, my tactics will be open-ended. Which tactics seemed to lead toward dead ends? I might look back through my journal entries from a different campaign, seek help from a colleague, or look at YouTube for inspiration. Only then should I expect to easily integrate it into the Beethoven. What are you waiting for? Download my practice campaign worksheet and try it for yourself! I look forward to hearing about your campaigns, and how you see them through to the finish! At the end of the second day, his numbers were 6 and 2. On the twenty-sixth day, his jump took him to 30 feet and thus out of the well!
Another excellent post, Nate! You mentioned a practice journal. Perhaps you could elaborate on the format and usage of a practice journal in a future post. Thanks, Jason. Good idea!
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So if you already have a journal, you could write that info in the journal instead. Iranian hackers in launched an attack against state-owned oil company Saudi Aramco, releasing a virus that erased data on 30, computers and left an image of a burning American flag on screens. In , the U. Cyber Command refused to comment on the latest Iranian activity.
The White House did not respond to a request for comment. Despite the apparent cyber campaign, experts say the Iranians would not necessarily immediately exploit any access they gain into computer systems and may seek to maintain future capabilities should their relationship with the U. Contact us at editors time.