Gibt es ein Interesse an Entwicklungshilfe? (German Edition)
While these studies were offered at three universities Berlin, Bonn and Hamburg when I began studying around , there is now only one university in Germany which still clings to it: the University of Bonn, which has refocused on Altamerikanistik with a rather interdisciplinary view, connecting archaeology and prehispanic times with a rather anthropological focus on contemporary phenomena in Latin America. With the declaration of Bologna and many many reform packages on university personnel and financiation from the 90ies onwards, there has been considerable re-organization at German universities.
A special study was conducted after all this happened, investigating the disposition, development and structure of these small fields of study. Their presence or close-down was always covered in the media, and they raised the question: Do we need these studies? And why? What is the relevance of these studies for our society? Some of the articles made it clear that these small studies are highly relevant to all of us — but the disciplines mentioned are often easier to convey than my own choice.
Speaking of Latin-American Archaeology, there are several things that led to its almost complete extinction in Germany. Latin America is a region that has almost no lobby in our contemporary society and media — there are Russia, China, India, maybe Brazil too, that keep the headlines and think tanks occupied. The boom of Latin America in German conscience in the ies has long since past. So why should Latin American Archaeology matter?
Why are we studying a part of the world that is almost invisible in German media and thinking right now? And because archaeology and anthropology seem to be so absolutely irrelevant when living conditions are poor and even water and electricity are lacking, technical development aid seems a much better option when there is money to spend.
Archaeology and anthropology seem to have no direct positive effect on living conditions; there seem to be no direct renderings to the local people. But nonetheless: archaeology matters. Because history matters and archaeological results are immaterial but nonetheless overly important. Its not about investigation and results that only serve me to get a Ph. Thirdly, there were always structural problems in this field of study. Today, the University of Bonn is trying to better these problems, but when I studied 15 years ago, Altamerikanistik implied a wonderful mix of archaeology, anthropology, history, linguistics, sociology and the like.
But it never offered some solid methodology to get working. We studied something like a patchwork investigation, taking only the courses that interested us. The study of historical sources, the techniques of investigation during field work, the variability of interpretations — all these were never part of the curriculum.
When we realized that we were very short on these substantial bases on archaeological work, we took courses in other disciplines, such as European Archaeology, Geology, Geography and the like. This has been one of the really problematic areas of the discipline, and one which is causing me problems up till today — and I have been trying ever since to balance this with continuing studies. Should you kill them? No, it makes no sense. Even if it was entirely free for you, we're not only nationals but also humans.
First and foremost humans. To kill enemies who are irrelevant is homicide. This becomes probably easier to understand if we assume that killing them would not be for free. Some of your countries' marines or aviators would die in the attack. By now it should be obvious that irrelevant enemies are irrelevant. You do not need to and you should not kill them.
The concept of elegance is quite alien to military forces. The bigger their hammer, the better. The more damage, the better.
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Hardware solutions which violate this habit such as guided concrete bombs to minimise collateral casualties do not mean that the attitude in general has improved. Organised violent conflicts could be much less damaging and lethal, probably even shorter, if there was a greater emphasis on elegance in them.
The disadvantage would be that less terrible wars might be less deterring, of course. I suspect strongly that the neglect of elegance is a systemic flaw. We can be smart, but we are only smart if we need to be. Quite often we waste resources on irrelevant actions instead. Some armed services have lists of principles of war ; elegance in warfare is certainly a good candidate for an update.
Economy of force far from being universally recognised anyway can be ditched instead. Labels: Military Theory. Once upon a time, there was an exemplary defensive alliance. It showed after centuries of more versatile alliances that you could also design an alliance in order to maintain peace, not just in order to overpower your enemies in the next, inevitable, war. We threw this alliance away in and turned it into a political-military adventure organiser.
We've been reminded about this move these days, and one of my very few fears is that we all will regret this sometime. Labels: NATO. Comments and discussion on: 13 Intervention without an alliance obligation 14 Geographical orientation of the Bundeswehr 15 Focus on potential for quick force expansion 16 Protection of maritime trade. The last episodes of the show were great here's the full last one. A politically incorrect in Germany official 's booklet of the German army. It was revised, re-named and re-issued a few years ago and drew again PC criticism. I didn't get the criticism even on this original booklet.
You should either maintain an army and prepare it properly or you disarm. There should be no tax money-wasting middle way the PC criticism seems to have come from people who agree with this because they favour disarmament. The booklet is an excellent source on the soldier's basic competencies for everyone who can read German texts. Labels: Other.
ENTWICKLUNGSHILFE / AFRIKA: Mit der Gießkanne
Yet another embarrassing air war in a fair weather scenario. At least some of the combat aircraft involved in the current air campaign against Libyan loyalists are taking off as far away as from Germany and the UK. This reminds me of the air war against Yugoslavia when combat aircraft took off in Northern Italy, not in the more close Southern Italy. This time it's just more extreme. Well, is this about a fetish for tanker aircraft? Europeans such as the French are generally not the usual suspects for this. Is it about an inability to deploy quickly to Mediterranean airfields, such as on Sicily?
The whole affair developed over days, and my expectation is that a lag of several days should be enough for the deployment of a squadron or two. A similar observation is about the campaign being led by some U. Several participants want to transfer command to a NATO staff. Why isn't it possible to form an ad hoc staff?
Air campaign operational leadership is not quantum physics, after all. Most of the planning can be done and is usually done by the involved wings and squadrons - the pilots - themselves, anyway. Again, I have substantially higher expectations here than the European air force officer corps seem to be able to meet. And then there's the cruise missile salvo, which seems to have addressed the stationary air defence batteries. Let's face it; by now all combat aircraft can be expected to be invulnerable to the 's air defence missiles which are way beyond their shelf life and serviced by as far as is known ill-trained and ill-motivated troops, if any.
This "destruction of enemy air defences first" mantra has developed its own life, is able to sustain itself even in face of paper air defences. Thus we have yet another air war in near-perfect terrain and weather conditions, against a de facto defenceless target and still lots of behind the scenes embarrassments for air forces from "the West".
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Labels: Air Force. This is a quote from chapter V. Hier trafen General Guderian und Generalmajor Kempf aufeinander, dessen 6. Panzerdivision eigentlich dem Panzerkorps Reinhardt unterstand. Kleist gewesen. The final breakthrough through the ridge-line west of the Ardennes canal succeeded, where the French had for a last time attempted to contain the bridgehead of Sedan.
From there the armoured formations advanced almost without resistance westwards. In the meantime, the so-called "operational level of command" had long ago lost control. The armoured forces rather led themselves. Symptomatic for this was an episode which happened on this day on the market place of Montcornet. General Guderian and Major-General Kempf coincidentally met there. Kempf's 6th armoured division was assigned to the armoured corps Reinhardt. Both generals congratulated each other for their success, then they began to disentangle the marching columns and distributed among each other the further routes of advance.
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This was in actual fact the task of the General v. Kleist [Guderian's superior]. This is a historical example for what I attempted to push more into the spotlight in previous posts already: Less vertical control by superior, more horizontal cooperation. This is obviously totally opposed to the U. Officers with suitable training and thinking do cooperate instead of compete or even attempt a free ride in challenges.
The horizontal cooperation happens between the best-informed minds available for coordination. There's no need to inform a higher staff in detail about a fluid situation as for coordination. Few if any plans agreed on in horizontal coordination will be outdated before implementation.
"aktuell" English translation
A1 and A2 have a common superior in A. Their opponent is B and the best chance for success is a joint attack at the same time from different directions on B. Vertical coordination synchronisation would require A to know about the positions of A1, A2 and B and to guess the near-future movements of B correctly. It would order an attack at a given time from two given positions on B. B could ruin the whole plan by dodging the whole with movement because the process is slow.
Horizontal cooperation would only require A1 and A2 to understand the situation and to stay in contact till both have manoeuvred into a good position and are ready for attack at the same time.
Then they agree to attack immediately to exploit the opportunity. This attack cannot happen too late or too early unless they misunderstood the situation - a circumstance that would affect vertical coordination in the same way. It's similar to two men carrying heavy furniture up some stairs. A third man giving orders from a distance is rarely even useful. The two have a much better, more direct grasp of the situation and most of the coordination needs to be done by them anyway.
The same principle can be applied to indirect fire support. There's no need to pool long-range fire support under centralised command if it could as well be allocated to individual manoeuvre elements who support simply everyone in their range - including other elements of their own kind. They could have too few indirect fire support for their own needs, and this would force even the least social commanding officers into cooperation and giving support as much as they receive support.
This could be very important in a modern setting, where we lack the force density for establishing and maintaining front lines in most scenarios and could thus not expect that centralised indirect fire support would be protected against raiders by a screen such as a front line. No army anywhere seems to emphasise the importance and potential of horizontal cooperation.
Even the German army which is too content with its 19th century Auftragstaktik innovation merely stresses the importance of staying in contact with neighbours for maintaining situational awareness and avoiding fratricide and gaps. I have read field manuals from eight countries plus many historical ones and none came even close to emphasise horizontal cooperation vs.
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This is one of the reasons why I consider even the Western military forces to be way behind the potential, in other words: Outdated. This happened before around and led to the extreme suffering of the First World War. The full text is here and here is additionally a list on which UNSC member voted for it or abstained. The Council then adopted resolution by a vote of 10 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions Brazil, China, Germany, India, Russian Federation.
This has yielded some harsh criticism and some support by German newspaper comments. The harsh critique suggests that Germany should have voted with the Western powers in favour of the resolution. German minister of foreign affairs Westerwelle had promised that Germany was ready for accepting responsibilities in the UNSC and supposedly failed to do the same now. The point of being a member in the UNSC is not to vote like a group of other members all the time.
They voted together with China and Russia as comments pointed out, but they also voted together with Brazil and India. This wasn't a UNSC vote with self-evident result. There was no self-evident reaction to a clear aggression as in , for example. The whole vote was very much a matter for consideration. Some comments supposed that abstaining from this vote will hurt us politically, but I actually expect the opposite. Whom do you offer better trade-offs in negotiations? The party which always supports you or the party which makes up its mind independently?
I read somewhere that Germany might at most support indirectly by relieving NATO a bit in Afghanistan, which makes no sense since other forces are required and there are enough forces available unless it's a backdoor approach for getting the parliament's support for a raise of the force limit in AFG. The German air force will not be missed much over Libya. Libyan loyalists are, after all, just another almost defenceless punching ball for the West, not a near-peer opponent. The conservative-liberal government has coincidentally done something that I can support.
It happens sometimes. Labels: Fun.
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Comments and discussion on: 01 The basic assumption 02 The weighting of dangers 03 The assignment of competencies 04 The mission of the government from the two previous posts in German and English, but with identical content. More discussion posts will later be added for the topic. First, feel free to discuss the foundation of the concept! Ideologisch motivierter terroristischer Angriff organisierter Krimineller: Kurzfristig geringe Wahrscheinlichkeit, mittelfristig mittlere Wahrscheinlichkeit.
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Download Kai A. Externe Publikationen. Suphi Sen und Herman Vollebergh, "The effectiveness of taxing the carbon content of energy consumption", Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 92, November , 74— Thomas Triebs und Subal C. Beginn: Uhr. Teilnahme nur nach vorheriger Registrierung. Am Beginn: