Monsieur François (Documents) (French Edition)
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I will do accordingly, and take the opportunity to ask you for some information. There threatens no disadvantage either to you or the English pirate publishers of the Diaries edition Your putative possession of copies would not be culpable in any event, and in the meantime claims against the pirate printers have run out of time. I know already of a considerable number of persons who have possessed copies.
I have already spent several months in the United States conducting the major part of my researches.
I hope I will also succeed with the Russians in obtaining access to those documents which are in their archives on this subject. I have no intention of reproducing many quotations from the Goebbels diaries but I cannot deny the value of these sources. I thus have two questions to ask: what formalities are necessary to use Goebbels documents in which I recognize your rights?
Do you know other collections of documents on Goebbels of which I might not be aware? I'll be back in London November Dear Herr Genoud! And there will be more. But with the acts of war on November 13, the enemy has taken things to a new level.
Democracy is capable of responding. Article 2 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen affirms that safety and resistance against oppression are fundamental rights. So we must exercise them. In accordance with these principles, we will provide the means to once again guarantee the safety of our fellow citizens. I have decided that a bill prolonging the state of emergency for three months, adapting its content to the changes in threats and technologies, will be brought before Parliament on Wednesday.
Indeed, the law which governs the state of emergency of 3 April cannot really match the kind of technologies and threats we face today. But it includes two exceptional measures: house arrest and police searches. These two measures offer useful means to prevent terrorist acts.
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I will ensure that they are fully implemented and strengthened. The Prime Minister will therefore propose to Parliament that we adopt a comprehensive legal scheme for each of these provisions. And you, parliamentarians, I invite you to vote on them before the end of the week. But we have to go beyond the emergency situation. I have thought about this issue a lot.
I honestly think that we must develop our constitution to allow the government authorities to take action against terrorism that incites war, in accordance with the rule of law. Our Constitution currently has two specific schemes that are not appropriate for the situation we are in.
The first scheme involves Article 16 of the Constitution. It specifies that the regular functioning of public authorities be suspended. The president will then take such measures as warranted by the circumstances, overriding the distribution of the constitutional powers. A state of siege is decreed in situations of imminent peril resulting from a foreign war or an armed insurrection. In this situation, various powers are then transferred from the civil to the military authorities.
As you can see, neither of these systems is suited to the situation we find ourselves in. The regular functioning of the government authorities — and we are proving that today — has not been interrupted. Transferring power to the military authorities would be inconceivable. However, we are at war. But this war is a different kind of war, we are facing a new kind of adversary.
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A constitutional scheme is needed to deal with this emergency. This was what was proposed in by the committee chaired by Edouard Balladur who looked at changes to our Constitution.
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He suggested changing Article 36 of our Constitution to include reference to a state of siege as well as a state of emergency, and his proposal was to allow a basic law to lay down the conditions in which these schemes will be used. And I believe that this approach should be reintroduced. We need to have an appropriate tool to provide a framework for taking exceptional measures for a certain period without recourse to the state of siege and without compromising public freedoms.
This revision of the Constitution must be accompanied by other measures. The issue at stake is the deprivation of nationality. In the same way, we must be able to prohibit dual nationals from returning to our country if they constitute a terrorist threat, unless they agree to be closely monitored, as is the case in Britain. I know that other proposals have been made to strengthen the surveillance of certain individuals, especially those who are on file. That ruling will be made public and I will draw all the consequences.
We should think carefully about this decision. Our Constitution is a collective agreement. It unites all our citizens. It is a common rule. It includes principles; it has a preamble which shows that France is a state governed by the rule of law. The Constitution is a common charter. It is a contract which unites all the citizens of the same country. And if the Constitution is a collective agreement, an essential agreement for living together, then the Constitution should include responses for combating those who want to undermine it, in the same way that groups and associations that incite hatred or incite others carry out terrorism should be dissolved.
Ladies and gentlemen, parliamentarians, I ask you to think about the decision that I have taken. I will ask the Prime Minister to prepare this revision with you so that it can be adopted as soon as possible because we, or you, will extend the state of emergency beyond the day period to three months. But after the state of emergency is lifted we must observe the rule of law in our efforts to combat terrorism. And since the threat is going to continue and we will be involved in the fight against Daesh for a long time abroad and at home, I also decided to substantially strengthen the resources available to the justice system and the security forces.
Firstly, the investigation services and anti-terrorist judges should, within the context of judicial proceedings, be able to have recourse to the whole range of intelligence techniques offered by new technology, whose use is authorized, within an administrative context, through the intelligence law. Criminal proceedings should also, as far as possible, take account of the specific nature of the terrorist threat. Secondly, the magistrates should have access to the most sophisticated investigation methods, notably in order to combat the trafficking of arms because terrorist acts are committed with these illegal weapons.
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Penalties will be significantly increased. Lastly, in the face of violent terrorism, the self-defense of police officers and the conditions under which they can use their weapons should be addressed within the framework of the rule of law. These various issues will be part of a major legislative project, which I will ask the prime minister to be conduct and initiate immediately, together with the ministers concerned - the Justice Minister, the Minister of the Interior - so that we do not lose any time before taking action. These provisions will complement all the measures that have been adopted since , that is to say two anti-terrorist laws, an intelligence law, the considerable strengthening of resources.
But I am also aware that we need to further strengthen our resources because if we are at war, we cannot just use the provisions that we had a few years ago in the law on military planning and other texts, which were aimed at preserving the security of our citizens.
Five thousand additional jobs for police officers and gendarmes will be created within the next two years in order to bring the total to 10, security-related jobs over five years. This is a substantial effort that the government will assume within the budgetary context that you are aware of. But it will make it possible to restore the capacity of the internal security forces to levels.
Similarly, the Ministry of Justice will add 2, additional jobs in the prison service and the judiciary service. As for our armed forces, they are increasingly needed for operations abroad, which we will continue in order to ensure the necessary security of our compatriots. So there, too, I have decided that there will be no cutbacks in defense personnel until And this reorganization of our armed forces will benefit operational, cyber defense intelligence units.
The government will, as swiftly as possible, submit a new plan for changes in defense personnel up to A note titled "Sarkozy Sees Himself as Only One Who Can Resolve World Financial Crisis" and dated records how then-president Nicolas Sarkozy "considers it his responsibility to Europe and the world to step up to the plate and resolve the world financial crisis".
Mr Sarkozy further declared his belief he was "the only one" who could step into the breach, given France's EU presidency at the time, and the lack of US engagement in the crisis. The note said that Mr Sarkozy blamed US "mistakes" for many of the economic problems, but added he "believes that Washington is now heeding some of his advice". A note dated March 24, reveals that Mr Sarkozy planned to express his frustration to US President Barack Obama over delays in a proposed bilateral intelligence cooperation agreement, with the main sticking point being "the US desire to continue spying on France".
A third note, dated June 10, , describes Mr Sarkozy's determination on June 7 to go ahead with a bid to restart direct peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians , "in spite of an apparent lack of interest on the part of some major players". Mr Sarkozy was considering appealing to his Russian counterpart Dmitry Medvedev for a possible joint initiative without the US, the note said, as well as issuing an ultimatum to Mr Obama regarding Palestinian statehood.
A note dated from describes a conversation between the then-president and his foreign minister Philippe Douste-Blazy on the appointment of a UN envoy.