His Holiness The Dalai Lama: A Message of Spiritual Wisdom
The team, led by Kewtsang Rinpoche , went first to meet the Panchen Lama , who had been stuck in Jyekundo , in northern Kham. Within a year the Panchen Lama had died. Two of his three candidates were crossed off the list but the third, a "fearless" child, the most promising, was from Taktser village, which, as in the vision, was on a hill, at the end of a trail leading to Taktser from the great Kumbum Monastery with its gilded, turquoise roof.
There they found a house, as interpreted from the vision—the house where Lhamo Dhondup lived. According to the 14th Dalai Lama, at the time the village of Taktser stood right on the "real border" between the region of Amdo and China. He held an old mala that had belonged to the 13th Dalai Lama, and the boy Lhamo Dhondup, aged two, approached and asked for it. The monk said "if you know who I am, you can have it. The next time the party returned to the house, they revealed their real purpose and asked permission to subject the boy to certain tests.
One test consisted of showing him various pairs of objects, one of which had belonged to the 13th Dalai Lama and one which had not. In every case, he chose the Dalai Lama's own objects and rejected the others. They knew that if he was declared to be the Dalai Lama, the Chinese government would insist on sending a large army escort with him, which would then stay in Lhasa and refuse to budge. Two years of diplomatic wrangling followed before it was accepted by Lhasa that the ransom had to be paid to avoid the Chinese getting involved and escorting him to Lhasa with a large army.
They paid Ma Bufang on behalf of the Tibetan government against promissory notes to be redeemed, with interest, in Lhasa. Furthermore, the Indian government helped the Tibetans raise the ransom funds by affording them import concessions. Released from Kumbum, on 21 July the party travelled across Tibet in an epic journey to Lhasa in the large Muslim caravan with Lhamo Thondup, now 4 years old, riding with his brother Lobsang in a special palanquin carried by two mules, two years after being discovered.
As soon as they were out of Ma Bufang's area, he was officially declared to be the 14th Dalai Lama by the Central Government of Tibet, and after ten weeks of travel he arrived in Lhasa on 8 October There was very limited Chinese involvement at this time. His devotees, as well as much of the Western world, often call him His Holiness the Dalai Lama , the style employed on the Dalai Lama's website.
According to the Dalai Lama, he had a succession of tutors in Tibet including Reting Rinpoche , Tathag Rinpoche, Ling Rinpoche and lastly Trijang Rinpoche , who became junior tutor when he was nineteen. The two remained friends until Harrer's death in In , at the age of 23, he took his final examination at Lhasa 's Jokhang Temple during the annual Monlam or Prayer Festival [note 4] He passed with honours and was awarded the Lharampa degree , the highest-level geshe degree, roughly equivalent to a doctorate in Buddhist philosophy. Historically the Dalai Lamas or their regents held political and religious leadership over Tibet from Lhasa with varying degrees of influence depending on the regions of Tibet and periods of history.
This began with the 5th Dalai Lama 's rule in and lasted until the s except for — , during which period the Dalai Lamas headed the Tibetan government or Ganden Phodrang. Until however, when the 13th Dalai Lama declared the complete independence of Tibet , their rule was generally subject to patronage and protection of firstly Mongol kings — and then the Manchu -led Qing dynasty — China claims that the Kuomintang government ratified the 14th Dalai Lama and that a Kuomintang representative, General Wu Zhongxin , presided over the ceremony.
The British Representative Sir Basil Gould was also at the ceremony and bore witness to the falsity of the Chinese claim to have presided over it. He criticised the Chinese account as follows:. The report was issued in the Chinese Press that Mr Wu had escorted the Dalai Lama to his throne and announced his installation, that the Dalai Lama had returned thanks, and prostrated himself in token of his gratitude.
Every one of these Chinese claims was false. Mr Wu was merely a passive spectator. He did no more than present a ceremonial scarf, as was done by the others, including the British Representative. But the Chinese have the ear of the world, and can later refer to their press records and present an account of historical events that is wholly untrue. Tibet has no newspapers, either in English or Tibetan, and has therefore no means of exposing these falsehoods. The meaning of the word was different than what we understand today. Second, Wu Zhongxin spent a lot of time and energy on the event, his effect of presiding over or organizing the event was very obvious.
Ma Bufang attacked the Tibetan Buddhist Tsang monastery in In October the army of the People's Republic of China marched to the edge of the Dalai Lama's territory and sent a delegation after defeating a legion of the Tibetan army in warlord -controlled Kham. On 17 November , at the age of 15, the 14th Dalai Lama was enthroned formally as the temporal ruler of Tibet. Panchen Lama and Dalai Lama had many conflicts in Tibetan history. Dalai Lama's formal rule was brief.
He sent a delegation to Beijing, which, without his authorization,  ratified the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet. In , on a trip to India to celebrate the Buddha's Birthday , the Dalai Lama asked the Prime Minister of India , Jawaharlal Nehru , if he would allow him political asylum should he choose to stay.
Nehru discouraged this as a provocation against peace, and reminded him of the Indian Government's non-interventionist stance agreed upon with its treaty with China. After the founding of the government in exile he re-established the approximately 80, Tibetan refugees who followed him into exile in agricultural settlements. He supported the refounding of monasteries and nunneries in an attempt to preserve Tibetan Buddhist teachings and the Tibetan way of life.
This appeal resulted in three resolutions adopted by the General Assembly in , , and ,  all before the People's Republic was allowed representation at the United Nations. In , he opened the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamshala which houses over 80, manuscripts and important knowledge resources related to Tibetan history, politics and culture.
It is considered one of the most important institutions for Tibetology in the world. In , there were demands from Indian politicians of different political parties and citizens to confer His Holiness The Dalai Lama the prestigious Bharat Ratna , the highest civilian honour of India which has only been awarded to a Non-Indian citizen twice in its history.
The plan called for Tibet to become a democratic "zone of peace" without nuclear weapons , and with support for human rights. There, he proposed the creation of a self-governing Tibet "in association with the People's Republic of China. The Dalai Lama celebrated his seventieth birthday on 6 July About 10, Tibetan refugees, monks and foreign tourists gathered outside his home. However, later that year, the Russian state prevented the Dalai Lama from fulfilling an invitation to the traditionally Buddhist republic of Kalmykia.
He responded that he had "lost faith" in efforts to negotiate with the Chinese government, and that it was "up to the Tibetan people" to decide what to do. The Dalai Lama has voiced his support for the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly , an organisation which campaigns for democratic reformation of the United Nations, and the creation of a more accountable international political system. Giving public talks for non-Buddhist audiences and interviews and teaching Buddhism to large public audiences all over the world, as well as to private groups at his residence in India, appears to be the Dalai Lama's main activity.
Scores of his past teaching videos can be viewed there, as well as public talks , conferences , interviews , dialogues and panel discussions. The Dalai Lama is the author of numerous books on Buddhism ,  many of them on general Buddhist subjects but also including books on particular topics like Dzogchen ,  a Nyingma practice. In Dalai Lama's essay, "The Ethic of Compassion" , he expresses his belief that if we only reserve compassion for those that we love, we are ignoring the responsibility of sharing these characteristics of respect and empathy with those we do not have relationships with, which cannot allow us to "cultivate love.
He frequently accepts requests from students to visit various countries worldwide in order to give teachings to large Buddhist audiences, teachings that are usually based on classical Buddhist texts and commentaries,  and most often those written by the 17 pandits or great masters of the Nalanda tradition, such as Nagarjuna,   Kamalashila,   Shantideva,  Atisha,  Ayradeva  and so on. The Dalai Lama refers to himself as a follower of these Nalanda masters,  in fact he often asserts that 'Tibetan Buddhism' is based on the Buddhist tradition of Nalanda monastery in ancient India,  since the texts written by those 17 Nalanda pandits or masters, to whom he has composed a poem of invocation,  were brought to Tibet and translated into Tibetan when Buddhism was first established there and have remained central to the teachings of Tibetan Buddhism ever since.
As examples of other teachings, in London in he was invited to give teachings on the Twelve Links of Dependent Arising, and on Dzogchen , which he gave at Camden Town Hall; in he was in London once more to give a series of lectures on Tibetan Buddhism in general, called 'A Survey of the Paths of Tibetan Buddhism'. On his frequent tours of India, Asia and the west he is also often invited to give, alongside his Buddhist teachings, public talks for non-Buddhist audiences. Dozens of videos of recorded webcasts of the Dalai Lama's public talks on general subjects for non-Buddhists like peace, happiness and compassion, modern ethics, the environment, economic and social issues, gender, the empowerment of women and so forth can be viewed in his office's archive.
In , he met a delegation of Jewish teachers in Dharamshala for an extensive interfaith dialogue. He has met the Archbishop of Canterbury , Dr. On 12 May the Dalai Lama, joined by a panel of select scholars, officially launched the Common Ground Project ,  in Bloomington, Indiana USA ,  which was planned by himself and Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad of Jordan during several years of personal conversations. The project is based on the book Common Ground between Islam and Buddhism. The Dalai Lama's lifelong interest in science   and technology  dates from his childhood in Lhasa, Tibet, when he was fascinated by mechanical objects like clocks, watches, telescopes, film projectors, clockwork soldiers  and motor cars,  and loved to repair, disassemble and reassemble them.
The Dalai Lama sees important common ground between science and Buddhism in having the same approach to challenge dogma on the basis of empirical evidence that comes from observation and analysis of phenomena. His growing wish to develop meaningful scientific dialogue to explore the Buddhism and science interface led to invitations for him to attend relevant conferences on his visits to the west, including the Alpbach Symposia on Consciousness in where he met and had discussions with the late Chilean neuroscientist Francisco J.
Adam Engle ,  who had become aware of the Dalai Lama's deep interest in science, was already considering the idea of facilitating for him a serious dialogue with a selection of appropriate scientists. As Mind and Life Institute 's remit expanded, Engle formalised the organisation as a non-profit foundation after the third dialogue, held in , which initiated the undertaking of neurobiological research programmes in the United States under scientific conditions.
Apart from time spent teaching Buddhism and fulfilling responsibilities to his Tibetan followers, the Dalai Lama has probably spent, and continues to spend, more of his time and resources investigating the interface between Buddhism and science through the ongoing series of Mind and Life dialogues and its spin-offs than on any other single activity.
Dalai Lama - Age, Real Name & Religion - Biography
These activities have given rise to dozens of DVD sets of the dialogues and books he has authored on them such as Ethics for the New Millennium and The Universe in a Single Atom , as well as scientific papers and university research programmes. In his book The Universe in a Single Atom and elsewhere, and to mark his commitment to scientific truth and its ultimate ascendancy over religious belief, unusually for a major religious leader the Dalai Lama advises his Buddhist followers: "If scientific analysis were conclusively to demonstrate certain claims in Buddhism to be false, then we must accept the findings of science and abandon those claims.
These activities have even had an impact in the Chinese capital. In an 'academic dialogue' with a Chinese scientist, a Tibetan 'living Buddha' and a Professor of Religion took place in Beijing. Entitled "High-end dialogue: ancient Buddhism and modern science" it addressed the same considerations that interest the Dalai Lama, described as 'discussing about the similarities between Buddhism and modern science'. The Dalai Lama uses various meditation techniques, including analytic meditation.
The Dalai Lama has shown a nuanced position on abortion. He explained that, from the perspective of the Buddhist precepts, abortion is an act of killing. The Dalai Lama says that he is active in spreading India's message of nonviolence and religious harmony throughout the world. He says he considers India the master and Tibet its disciple, as great scholars went from India to Tibet to teach Buddhism. He has noted that millions of people lost their lives in violence and the economies of many countries were ruined due to conflicts in the 20th century.
In , he answered the question of a girl in a Seattle school by saying that it is permissible to shoot someone with a gun in self-defense if that person was "trying to kill you," and he emphasized that the shot should not be fatal. In April , the Dalai Lama openly criticised Buddhist monks' attacks on Muslims in Myanmar "Buddha always teaches us about forgiveness, tolerance, compassion.
If from one corner of your mind, some emotion makes you want to hit, or want to kill, then please remember Buddha's faith. We are followers of Buddha. The use of violence is outdated, and never solves problems. In response to the death of Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo , who died of organ failure while in government custody, the Dalai Lama issued the following statement on 14 July , "I am deeply saddened to learn that fellow Nobel Laureate Liu Xiaobo has passed away while undergoing a lengthy prison sentence It is my belief that Nobel Laureate Liu Xiaobo's unceasing efforts in the cause of freedom will bear fruit before long.
People think of animals as if they were vegetables, and that is not right. We have to change the way people think about animals. I encourage the Tibetan people and all people to move toward a vegetarian diet that doesn't cause suffering. The Dalai Lama advocates compassion for animals and frequently urges people to try vegetarianism or at least reduce their consumption of meat.
In Tibet, where historically meat was the most common food, most monks historically have been omnivores , including the Dalai Lamas. The Fourteenth Dalai Lama was raised in a meat-eating family but converted to vegetarianism after arriving in India, where vegetables are much more easily available.
He spent many years as a vegetarian , but after contracting hepatitis in India and suffering from weakness, his doctors ordered him to eat meat on alternating days, which he did for several years. He tried switching back to a vegetarian diet, but once again returned to limited consumption of meat. This attracted public attention when, during a visit to the White House, he was offered a vegetarian menu but declined by replying, as he is known to do on occasion when dining in the company of non-vegetarians, "I'm a Tibetan monk, not a vegetarian".
The Dalai Lama has referred to himself as a Marxist and has articulated criticisms of capitalism. I am not only a socialist but also a bit leftist, a communist. In terms of social economy theory, I am a Marxist.
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I think I am farther to the left than the Chinese leaders. He reports hearing of communism when he was very young, but only in the context of the destruction of Communist Mongolia. It was only when he went on his trip to Beijing that he learned about Marxist theory from his interpreter Baba Phuntsog Wangyal. He does not believe that China implemented "true Marxist policy",  and thinks the historical communist states such as the Soviet Union "were far more concerned with their narrow national interests than with the Workers' International ".
Of all the modern economic theories, the economic system of Marxism is founded on moral principles, while capitalism is concerned only with gain and profitability. Marxism is concerned with the distribution of wealth on an equal basis and the equitable utilisation of the means of production. It is also concerned with the fate of the working classes —that is, the majority—as well as with the fate of those who are underprivileged and in need, and Marxism cares about the victims of minority-imposed exploitation.
For those reasons the system appeals to me, and it seems fair. I just recently read an article in a paper where His Holiness the Pope also pointed out some positive aspects of Marxism. The Dalai Lama is outspoken in his concerns about environmental problems , frequently giving public talks on themes related to the environment. He has pointed out that many rivers in Asia originate in Tibet , and that the melting of Himalayan glaciers could affect the countries in which the rivers flow. A monk since childhood, the Dalai Lama has said that sex offers fleeting satisfaction and leads to trouble later, while chastity offers a better life and "more independence, more freedom".
In his discussions of the traditional Buddhist view on appropriate sexual behavior, he explains the concept of "right organ in the right object at the right time," which historically has been interpreted as indicating that oral, manual and anal sex both homosexual and heterosexual are not appropriate in Buddhism or for Buddhists.
However, he also says that in modern times all common, consensual sexual practices that do not cause harm to others are ethically acceptable and that society should accept and respect people who are gay or transgender from a secular point of view. In his book Beyond Dogma , he described a traditional Buddhist definition of an appropriate sexual act as follows: "A sexual act is deemed proper when the couples use the organs intended for sexual intercourse and nothing else [ What is improper is the use of organs already defined as inappropriate for sexual contact.
He also conveyed his own "willingness to consider the possibility that some of the teachings may be specific to a particular cultural and historic context". The Dalai Lama has expressed concern at "reports of violence and discrimination against gay, bisexual , and transgender people" and "urges respect, tolerance and the full recognition of human rights for all". In , he said that the next Dalai Lama could possibly be a woman, remarking "If a woman reveals herself as more useful the lama could very well be reincarnated in this form".
Isn't that what you call someone who fights for women's rights? He called on women to "lead and create a more compassionate world", citing the good works of nurses and mothers. In , the Dalai Lama attended the inauguration of the Secular Ethics for Higher Education Course at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences TISS in Mumbai, where he was reported to have stated that, "Since women have been shown to be more sensitive to others' suffering, their leadership may be more effective.
His Holiness suggested it's time for men to withdraw and for women to step forward. In , he said in a BBC interview that if a female succeeded him, "that female must be attractive, otherwise it is not much use," and when asked if he was joking, replied, "No. In April , at the Culture of Compassion event in Ebrington Square in Derry , Northern Ireland , the Dalai Lama asserted, stressing the importance of peace of mind: "Warm-heartedness is a key factor for healthy individuals, healthy families and healthy communities [ If you're serious about your health, think and take most concern for your peace of mind.
That's very, very important. Speaking to German reporters in , the Dalai Lama said there are "too many" refugees in Europe, adding that "Europe, for example Germany, cannot become an Arab country". He also said that "Germany is Germany. On 24 September , the Dalai Lama issued the following statement concerning his reincarnation:. When I am about ninety I will consult the high Lamas of the Tibetan Buddhist traditions, the Tibetan public, and other concerned people who follow Tibetan Buddhism, and re-evaluate whether the institution of the Dalai Lama should continue or not. On that basis we will take a decision.
If it is decided that the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama should continue and there is a need for the Fifteenth Dalai Lama to be recognized, responsibility for doing so will primarily rest on the concerned officers of the Dalai Lama's Gaden Phodrang Trust. They should consult the various heads of the Tibetan Buddhist traditions and the reliable oath-bound Dharma Protectors who are linked inseparably to the lineage of the Dalai Lamas. They should seek advice and direction from these concerned beings and carry out the procedures of search and recognition in accordance with past tradition.
I shall leave clear written instructions about this. Bear in mind that, apart from the reincarnation recognized through such legitimate methods, no recognition or acceptance should be given to a candidate chosen for political ends by anyone, including those in the People's Republic of China. He added that Chinese laws banning the selection of successors based on reincarnation will not impact his decisions. No one else. And also this is not a political matter," he said in the interview.
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The Dalai Lama also added that he was not decided on whether he would reincarnate or be the last Dalai Lama. In an interview with the German newspaper Welt am Sonntag published on 7 September the Dalai Lama stated "the institution of the Dalai Lama has served its purpose", and that "We had a Dalai Lama for almost five centuries. The 14th Dalai Lama now is very popular.
Let us then finish with a popular Dalai Lama. Gyatso has also expressed fear that the Chinese government would manipulate any reincarnation selection in order to choose a successor that would go along with their political goals. Government had involved itself in his country's affairs not to help Tibet but only as a Cold War tactic to challenge the Chinese.
His administration's reception of CIA funding has become one of the grounds for some Chinese newspapers   and pro-China Western scholars  to discredit him along with his movement for the freedom of Tibetans in China , where their homeland is still occupied by the Chinese Communist authority. In his autobiography Freedom in Exile , the Dalai Lama criticized the CIA again for supporting the Tibetan independence movement "not because they the CIA cared about Tibetan independence, but as part of their worldwide efforts to destabilize all communist governments ".
In , the Dalai Lama said that the CIA Tibetan program had been harmful for Tibet because it was primarily aimed at serving American interests, and "once the American policy toward China changed, they stopped their help. The Chinese press has criticized the Dalai Lama for his close ties with India.
His remarks at the International Buddhist Conference in Gujarat saying that he was "Tibetan in appearance, but an Indian in spirituality" and referral to himself as a "son of India" in particular led the People's Daily to opine, "Since the Dalai Lama deems himself an Indian rather than Chinese, then why is he entitled to represent the voice of the Tibetan people? The Dorje Shugden Controversy reappeared in the Gelug school by the publication of the Yellow Book in , containing stories about wrathful acts of Dorje Shugden against Gelugpas who also practiced Nyingma teachings.
In response, the 14th Dalai Lama, a Gelugpa himself and advocate of an "inclusive" approach to the teachings of Tibetan Buddhism,   started to speak out against the practice of Dorje Shugden in The controversy has attracted attention in the West because of demonstrations held in and by Dorje Shugden practitioners. A Reuters investigation determined "that the religious sect behind the protests has the backing of the Communist Party" and that the "group has emerged as an instrument in Beijing's long campaign to undermine support for the Dalai Lama".
In April , the Dalai Lama confirmed the official Chinese claims about Gedhun Choekyi Nyima by saying that he knew from "reliable sources" that the Panchen Lama he had recognized was alive and receiving normal education. He said he hoped that the Chinese-recognised Panchen Lama Gyaincain Norbu studied well under the guidance of a good teacher, adding that there were instances in Tibetan Buddhist tradition, of a reincarnated lama taking more than one manifestation.
The Dalai Lama's appeal is variously ascribed to his charismatic personality, international fascination with Buddhism, his universalist values, international sympathy for the Tibetans, and western sinophobia. The most notable films, Kundun and Seven Years in Tibet both released in , portrayed "an idyllic pre Tibet, with a smiling, soft-spoken Dalai Lama at the helm — a Dalai Lama sworn to non-violence ": portrayals the Chinese government decried as ahistorical.
The Dalai Lama has tried to mobilize international support for Tibetan activities. In the Chinese Communist Party once again reinstated the total prohibition of any photo of the 14th Dalai Lama. According to the Tibet Information Network, "authorities in Tibet have begun banning photographs of the exiled Dalai Lama in monasteries and public places, according to reports from a monitoring group and a Tibetan newspaper. Plainclothes police went to hotels and restaurants in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, on April 22 and 23 and ordered Tibetans to remove pictures of the Dalai Lama The Dalai Lama was featured on the March 5, , episode of the HBO late-night talk show Last Week Tonight , in which host John Oliver conducted a comedic interview with the Dalai Lama, focusing on the topics of Tibetan sovereignty, Tibetan self-immolations , and his succession plans.
The Dalai Lama has received numerous awards over his spiritual and political career.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama
On 16 June the Dalai Lama was awarded the Dr. In , he received the Freedom Medal from the Roosevelt Institute. On 22 June , he became one of only six people ever to be recognised with Honorary Citizenship by the Governor General of Canada. In February , the Dalai Lama was named Presidential Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia ; it was the first time that he accepted a university appointment. The Dalai Lama was a recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal , the highest civilian award bestowed by American lawmakers,  The Chinese government declared this would have "an extremely serious impact" on relations with the United States.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Dalai Lama as an institution or lineage, see Dalai Lama. Current Dalai Lama. Key personalities. Practices and attainment. Major monasteries. Institutional roles. History and overview. History Timeline Outline Culture Index of articles. See also: Dalai Lama. Main article: CIA Tibetan program.
Main article: Dorje Shugden controversy. Tibet: A History. Yale University Press. The Princeton dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Entries on "Dalai Lama" and "Dga' ldan pho brang". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2 May The 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. Office of the Dalai Lama. Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 5 October Lama Thubten named my new brother Lhamo Thondup. Goldstein, A history of modern Tibet , pp. As a child, I spoke Chinese first, but it was a broken Xining language which was a dialect of the Chinese language.
It was not Tibetan. You learned Tibetan when you came to Lhasa. Economist Newspaper Ltd. Retrieved 9 April The Dalai Lama and his family didn't learn Tibetan until they moved to Lhasa in Beyond the Great Wall: urban form and transformation on the Chinese frontiers. Stanford University Press. Retrieved 28 June The Economist. Retrieved 29 September Dalai Lama: Soul of Tibet. Event occurs at BBC News. Retrieved 31 December The Dalai Lama: A Biography.
Greenwood Press. Retrieved 5 December New Delhi: HarperCollins. Reassessing China's Military Advance towards Tibet, —". Barrett; Lawrence N. Shyu China in the anti-Japanese War, — politics, culture and society. Peter Lang. Inner Asia, Volume 4, Issues 1—2. Labrang: a Tibetan Buddhist monastery at the crossroads of four civilizations.
Snow Lion Publications. Archived from the original on 5 May People's Daily. Retrieved 28 August Year in Review. United Press International. Government of Tibet in Exile. Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 23 September Archived from the original on 18 December Al Jazeera. The Sydney Morning Herald. Terra Daily.
Kaohsiung, Taiwan AFP. Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly. Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 9 December New Delhi, India: Demotix. Archived from the original Photojournalism on 3 July Office of Dalai Lama. Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 May If one doubts the validity of what is being said, one should gently push the point and clear all doubts.
This task becomes somewhat more sensitive in Highest Tantra, where total surrender to the guru is a prerequisite; but even here this surrender must be made only in a particular sense. If the guru points to the east and tells you to go west, there is little alternative for the student but to make a complaint. This should be done with respect and humility, however, for to show any negativity towards a teacher is not a noble way of repaying his or her kindness. Perception of faults in the guru should not cause us to feel disrespect, for by demonstrating faults to us the guru is actually showing us what we should abandon.
At least, this is the most useful attitude for us to take. An important point here is that the disciple must have a spirit of sincere inquiry and must have clear, rather than blind, devotion. It is frequently said that the essence of the training in guru yoga is to cultivate the art of seeing everything the guru does as perfect. Personally I myself do not like this to be taken too far.
Accept nothing out of mere faith in me. Should the guru manifest unDharmic qualities or give teachings contradicting Dharma, the instruction on seeing the spiritual master as perfect must give way to reason and Dharma wisdom. Take myself, for example. Because many of the previous Dalai Lamas were great sages and I am said to be their reincarnation, and also because in this lifetime I give frequent religious discourses, many people place much faith in me, and in their guru yoga practice they visualize me as being a Buddha - I am also regarded by these people as their secular leader.
It would be an unfortunate affair if the Buddhadharma, which is established by profound reasoning, were to have to take second place to it. He does not know that there is no practice of Dharma without the guru. As for spiritual teachers, if they misrepresent this precept of guru yoga in order to take advantage of naive disciples, their actions are like pouring the liquid fires of hell directly into their stomachs. The disciple must always keep reason and knowledge of Dharma as principal guidelines. Make a thorough examination before accepting someone as a guru, and even then follow that teacher within the conventions of reason as presented by Buddha.
One of the principal yogas in the tantric vehicle is to see the world as a mandala of great bliss and to see oneself and all others as Buddhas. Under these circumstances it becomes absurd to think that you and everyone else are Buddhas, but your guru is not! Actually, the more respect one is given the more humble one should become, but sometimes this principle becomes reversed. The student has the responsibility of using wisdom in his or her demonstration of faith and respect.
A problem is that we usually only observe those teachings that feed our delusions and ignore those that would overcome them. Many sectarian problems in Tibet were born and nourished by it. Such a one only harms delusion, the enemy within. Have we not disgraced them? If we misunderstand and mispractice their teachings, it will hardly please them.
Similarly, it is meritorious for a lama to perform rituals or give initiations to benefit people, but if his or her motivation is only material benefit, that person would be better off going into business instead. Using the mask of Dharma to exploit people is a great harm. What the Chinese did to us was bad, but not as bad as the effects we would create by taking Dharma and using it for sectarian purposes or to exploit people. This rots the foundation. It is sometimes said that a major cause of the decline of Buddhism in India eight hundred years ago was the practice of Vajrayana by unqualified people, and sectarianism caused by corruption within the Sangha.
Enclose your search term in quotes to yield results based on an exact phrase. Scroll To Top. It must also be said that at that time, despite their new political interests and responsibilities, the dGe-lugs-pas remained the freshest and most zealous of the Tibetan religious orders. His humor, warmth and compassionate energy stand as living evidence of the strength and efficacy of Tibetan Buddhism, and of its value to human society. The Buddha The devotee acquires the same faults As the person not worthy of devotion, Like an untainted arrow smeared With the poison of a tainted sheath.
Steadfast ones who fear the taint of faults, Do not befriend bad people. Like meetinng friends, devotion to The steadfast causes happiness. Therefore, like the revolving stars and moon, Devote yourself to the steadfast, moral ones Who have heard much, who draw on what is best — The kind, the pure, the best superior ones. Furthermore one should examine the vajra master thoroughly.
One should thoroughly examine his words. Continue reading. It is he who will teach you what to do and what not to do. If you encounter a false spiritual friend without examining him properly, you will be throwing away the possibility a person with faith has to accumulate merits for a whole lifetime, and the freedoms and advantages of the human existence, you have now obtained will be wasted.
By not examining a teacher with great care The faithful waste their gathered merit. Like taking for the shadow of a tree a vicious snake, Beguiled, they lose the freedom they at last had found. Je Tsongkhapa Distance yourself from Vajra Masters who are not keeping the three vows, who keep on with a root downfall, who are miserly with the Dharma, and who engage in actions that should be forsaken.
Those who worship them go to hell and so on as a result. Then everything that is unwanted will develop. Therefore, always avoid them. The former merely destroy the body, whereas the latter destroy both virtue and a pure mind. Moreover, it states that mad elephants and bad friends respectively destroy the body of flesh and the body of the teachings.
Even more the former cannot propel you into miserable realms, whereas the latter definitely can. Dreyfus Mindfulness and Morality — J. Allegiance — J.