Le Roi René (Biographies Historiques) (French Edition)
Puis il. En Croix de guerre quatre citations. Sous-gouverneur de la Banque de France. Permanence : 9 Rue Victor Hugo, Givors. Il fut ensuite un homme.
Oeuvres choisies du roi René : avec une biographie et des notices
Chercheur en histoire. Voir aussi Hauts Magistrats. Auteur de plus de quarante revues satiriques et de deux films. Dirige depuis le Hall de la chanson de La Villette. Site internet : www. Bacconnier — En France, il dirige la communication de la banque Parisbas, notamment dans sa phase de privatisation , tout en.
Commissaire de bord Long-Courrier Air France Colonel hon. Nombreuses publications. Jean Mermoz - — Sanarysur-mer. Commandant en second de l Ecole de gendarmerie de Saint Astier et Bergerac. Croix de la valeur militaire deux citations. Voir sa biographie par Francine Dessaigne.
Il suivit la mission Henri Lhote afin de relever les fresques du Tassili. Grand Prix de la biennale de Menton en Santa Maria et Gazelles, Cannes, Concertiste international. Charles Floquet — — Paris. Finalement le projet ne vit jamais le jour. Biographie par Louis Abadie. Monuments et sanctuaires Paris — De Boccard, et Est connu notamment pour ses travaux sur le pompage optique, les interactions atome-rayonnement et le refroidissement des atomes.
Professeur titulaire de la chaire de. Nombreux ouvrages. Le professeur J. Le professeur A. Le professeur M. Le professeur P.
Le professeur R. Trois livres et plus de deux cents articles Adr. Le professeur H. Le professeur C. During the period from to , poetry appeared only in the form of timid attempts. It appeared in the newspapers, in the form of popular or military chansons, or in the form of odes or satires. The Revolutionary War and the War of gave rise to some poetry of a rather popular nature, in which the poetic art is somewhat naive, and is less notable than the historical interest which these first Canadian verses have.
The best contributions in verse furnished to the newspapers of that day were by Joseph Mermet and Joseph Quesnel , two poets who came from France, the latter of whom was to remain and die in Canada. Michel Bibaud, while he was busying himself with history, was also attempting the practice of poetry. Another historian, F. Garneau himself, combined the practice of poetry with that of history.
- René of Anjou;
- ART OF SURVIVAL.
- René of Anjou?
- Dont Tell Nobody But God.
- Hot Buttered Strumpet;
- René de CASTRIES | Académie française.
Probably the most harmonious and adroit of the first French-Canadian poets - at least of those who belong to the period of literary origins -- was Joseph Lenoir. He was endowed with a great lyric sensibility; he had the soul of a Lamartine ; and he followed the masters of romantic poetry.
He did not, however, rise to the full measure of his powers, for he was cut off by a premature death, at the age of thirty-nine years.
It was under the dominating influence of Garneau's Histoire du Canada that French-Canadian poetry got into its stride. This period is distinguished from the preceding by a sudden and more fruitful activity in the intellectual life of French Canada. The causes of this advance are diverse. First of all, there was the influence of Garneau's Histoire du Canada, to which reference has already been made. The reading of the Histoire du Canada developed among French Canadians the feeling of patriotism, pride in the past, and ambition for a better future -- aspirations broader and more solid than had been entertained before.
The desire arose to augment, by means of art and letters, the national patrimony of which Garneau had revealed in his work the unsuspected proportions. It was in his bookshop at Quebec that gathered those who were destined to take part in the literary movement of Fortuitous circumstances brought together in Quebec a group of men who were passionately devoted to letters, wished to write, and made a joint effort to succeed. They were F. They read there the latest books imported from France ; they chatted there about their literary projects; and they sought ways and means of uniting their efforts in order to make them more fruitful.
These literary periodicals made it possible for writers to publish their work, and to make themselves known to the public; they were also a standing invitation to writers to work and to produce. It was under the influence of these men and by their enthusiastic co-operation that a new literary movement arose which was destined to produce immediately happy results.
This poetry was above all one of patriotic inspiration, impregnated through and through with contemporary ideas and prepossessions. No other poetry, it would seem, could at that hour of Canadian historical development, take root and flourish. The poetry of that day joined with history to comfort souls disillusioned and anxious for the future, and to stimulate hope and ambition.
No poem shows this more clearly than that entitled Vieux soldat canadien or that entitled Drapeau de Carillon. It was his aim to make his country loved -- its landscape, its legends, the customs of its inhabitants. He was too fond of reading the masters of French contemporary poetry not to reveal in his work some traces of the imitation of their work, and notably that of Victor Hugo; and he was unfortunate in that the exile to which he was condemned at the age of thirty-five years put an end to his literary career.
But, short as was his career, and few as were his poems, he founded a school. This work is a sort of heroic poem in which the author extracts from the history of Canada episodes which lend themselves to poetic treatment. The sequence of these poems comprises a sort of national history seen from the mountain-tops, and composed of the most significant events in Canadian life. He wrote also patriotic poetry, but in a different manner. He was the great ancestor of the French-Canadian poetry of the soil. He loves the fields, the hearth, the familiar customs and traditions, and he takes from them the habitual and most sincere theme of his work.
He treated again in it a great number of subjects, drawn from Canadian life, which he had dealt with in his previous works. He was less happy than his two predecessors. His oratorical poetry, in which moving strophes are found, was often applauded. His best work is to be found in his Aspirations , Les rayons du nord , and Les fleurs de givre Adolphe Poisson published Heures perdues, Sous les pins, and Chants de soir, in which he treated of patriotic and historical subjects, and in which he translated also into verse his deep emotions.
Alfred Garneau ushered in a new type of poetry, in which the traditional theme of history gave place to the more intimate inspirations of the soul. His poems are psychological. He is fond also of excellent badinage. Poetry, in French Canada, was born of history; but history was destined to develop, during the period , parallel with poetry.
Ferland [see also this biography of Ferland written by J. He gave a course of lectures at Laval University which were the occasion of these new studies; and he gave them with great rigour of method, correcting or making more precise the historical points which Garneau had not sufficiently elucidated. His Cours d'histoire du Canada was written in simple language, devoid of ornament, which yet held attention by means of its clarity and the sincerity of a style which betrayed neither the eloquence nor the emotion of Garneau.
He had been too much influenced by the reading of F. Garneau not to wish to continue his work taking up certain phases of it with a view to digging deeper.
These constitute some of the finest pages of Canadian history. The last are written in language graver and more restrained than the first; but in all of them the historian reveals a vivid imagination. Occasionally his historical method yields to the exigencies of a feeling which determines his sympathies in too arbitrary a manner.
After these historians, or with them, others devoted themselves to the study of particular aspects of Canadian national life, and published numerous monographs. Joseph Edmond Roy made a specialty of la petite histoire, the history of customs and manners; and this is found in picturesque abundance in the five volumes of his Histoire de la seigneurie de Lauzon.
Activités et autres caractéristiques
All his works were written without much literary care, but with a pleasant simplicity, in which one sometimes misses nevertheless a more methodical art. Benjamin Sulte was the most indefatigable and most inquiring "researcher" of this period. His inquiries carried him into all sorts of questions, and in particular into the history of his native place, Three Rivers. He wrote with a good humour which made it difficult to criticize his work, and which was in turn its charm and its weakness.
Ernest Myrand brought to the writing of history both intellectual curiosity and imagination. History having been a form of literature very much cultivated between and , many other authors might be added to those named above authors of works of varying degrees of importance. During this period of the origins of Canadian literature, the novel drew benefit from the enthusiasm roused by history and poetry. It was on history, or the life of the people, with their customs and their heroic sufferings, that the literature of the novel was first built.
This novel had a great success. Readers recognized in it a faithful picture of Canadian life at the period when this life was being transformed under the new influence of the British conquest. They liked to find in it a description of customs and traditions which they felt ought to be preserved; and the style of the novel, which partakes of the character of a natural and picturesque conversation, contributed in itself to render more popular the tales and legends which are the basis of the novel.
Alexandre Dumas >
This novel was at once a novel of manners and a social document. It told the story of a young colonist who had exchanged college for the forest and rhetoric for the culture of the soil. It reminded the youth of French Canada of their duty to resist the wave of emigration which was sweeping them toward the industries of the United States, and to attach themselves to the land.
Despite a style which is a little forbidding, this book, which was full of rustic life and descriptions of popular customs, obtained a great success. Jacques et Marie had the success due to a story of Acadian heroism; but its execution was somewhat uneven. The historical novel was popular with readers of this period. Joseph Marmette took advantage of this popular taste to publish a series of novels in which the characters and events of Canadian history live again.
Her Angeline de Montbrun was a successful pioneer in the field of the psychological novel. There was published in this period hardly more than one novel of adventure. Chroniques, Essays, and Oratory. The literature of legends, chroniques, and popular tales was one of the most abundant toward the end of the nineteenth century in Canada. It was a product of the renaissance of Later P. Faucher de St. But the most brilliant writer of chroniques in this period was Arthur Buies.
He contributed to journals and gathered in numerous volumes articles in which he embodied the fruits of his social and geographical studies. In his pages are to be found intelligence, sensibility, and originality. Adolphe Routhier was one of the most highly appreciated writers and speakers of his day. His works, which were fairly numerous, comprise critical and literary studies, books of travel, novels, and speeches. His easy prose, naturally charged with feeling and fancy, was highly esteemed by contemporary readers. Lastly, one must add to this group the name of an orator who shone above all others in his parliamentary eloquence, Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
For twenty years it was the centre of an activity which conferred on literature great benefit. It turned to the secrets of the soul, to the study of conscience. This was the inspiration of the new poetry. Literary criticism, born in the first years of the new century, contributed also to stimulate writers, and to attract to the Canadian book a favour which it had lacked. If criticism does not create either talent or genius, it calls forth at least useful efforts, and by giving more publicity to the work of writers, it creates an intellectual atmosphere more propitious for the development of literature.
The form of literature which was the first to benefit by the renaissance of was poetry. He dreamed of an heroic and lyric poem of nature, of which the river St. Lawrence should be the center -- that vast river so grandly picturesque, so full of history and legend. The design was admirable; but the poet had not the time to execute it. In it the author rejoiced in the bold and unequal flights of his epic inspiration. His misfortunes as well as his poems have elicited for him the favour of the public. At the early age of twenty years his mind was darkened by insanity. He had foreseen this disaster of his inner life, and had foretold it in the most touching of his poems, Le vaisseau d'or.
His poetry spouted forth in the fever of his thought and imagination; it is full of the anxieties and sorrows of the poet; and it is couched in verses which are not all above reproach, but which reveal in general a new feeling for artistic form. Albert Lozeau had, like Nelligan, a tragic fate. It was his bodily health that was too soon shattered. Condemned by illness and infirmity to a painful seclusion, he consecrated the leisure of his isolation to study and to poetry.
He took up in turn all the lyric themes-first of all, love, of which he dreamed in his bedroom, then solitude, the vanity of things, religious feeling, and sometimes the world of nature, in which he had revelled in the first years of his youth, but which he was scarcely destined to see again save through the windows of his room. His poetry is as a rule sincere and full of feeling, sometimes uneven, but most often captivating [Consult the complete edition of the poetic works of Albert Lozeau]. Gonzalve Desaulniers confined the wide field of his poetry to nature.
Les bois qui chantent is characteristic of his romantic and dreamy inspiration, of the need he felt to listen not only to the melancholy murmur of the trees, but also to that of the shore and the sea. He delights in philosophical poetry; but he does not always bring to it the clear vision of a strong and precise mind. His flight often is through the clouds. Albert Ferland is less ambitious than Jean Charbonneau.